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ANE 15 Week 5 Notes

by: Isabel Yin

ANE 15 Week 5 Notes Ancient Near East 15

Isabel Yin

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Week 5 2 Lectures Notes
Women and Power in the Ancient World
Kathlyn Cooney
Class Notes
ancient near east, Women, power
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isabel Yin on Saturday February 27, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Ancient Near East 15 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by Kathlyn Cooney in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Women and Power in the Ancient World in Classical Studies at University of California - Los Angeles.


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Date Created: 02/27/16
AncientNearEast15 WinterQuarter INSTRUCTOR:KaraCooney   Hatshepsut   ● She also never rules alone during the 22 years  ● also no genetic legacy   ● king’s daughter, sister, and wife  ● never becomes king’s mother   ● Rules as regent for thutmose III and as co­king for 22 years from 1479 ­ 1458 BCE  ● Daughter of Thutmose I, wife of Thutmose II, step­mother and aunt of thutmose III  ● God’s wife of Amen ­ high priestess  ● After her death, kingship remained with Thutmose III and her public images destroyed   ● Hatshepsut as God’s Wife of Amen, from dismantled building of Thutmose II< Karnak  open air museum  ● Act as extension for her father, but evidence didn’t show she got the job during her  father’s reign, instead only during her brother and her husband’s reign  ● Genealogy Amenhotep I and Thutmose I = no connection (Egyptian who developed the  dynasty system)   ● See her great ideological power during her reign of her brother and husband that many  people suggested that hatshepsut is the real power behind the throne  ● Receive ideological and political training from an early such that when she marries her  husband she’s more prepared than him  ● Thutmose II is not the first choice since there are two other princes that both died    Inscription about Hatshepsut in the tomb of Ineni     From James Henry Breasted, 1906  Thutmose II went up to heaven, and he united with the gods. His son was raised in his  place as king of the two lands. He ruled upon the throne of the one who begat him    ­ saying that divine kingship spirit is moving from one male body to another to infinity  ­ that Thutmose III taking the throne is the best solution    His sister, the God’s Wife of Amen Hatshepsufulfilled the needs of the​ the Two  Lands following her counsels. She was served; Egypt was obedient. The divine granaries were  efficient and overflowing. The prow rope of Upper Egypt was moored in the south. The stem  1 rope was the beneficence of Lower Egypt. A mistress of decrees and words, effective where her  counsels. The two banks were content with her speech. Her majesty praised me and she loved  me. She knew my excellence in the palace. She provided me with things, and she made me  great.     If they didn’t have Hatshepsut to step out as regent for a two­year old king, the Thutmose family  won’t continue   With her entourage, engineer to make the line continue or else     Balance of power between King and the elites is more equal     Regency  Old Egyptian method of maintaining dynastic succession  Ideally, mother of young king, rules on behalf of her own son  Hatshepsut ­ not mother of thutmose III  Isis  = mother of thutmose III  Hatshepsut’s regency = extended (political as God’s Wife of Amen, her supporters placed her  into such power because Isis had lower education and power level)   Also gets my job to extend her 14 or 15 years     Undated rock cut graffito from early in the regency, maybe years 2 ­ 3   Obelisks ordered “through the power of her majesty”   Called “the one to whom Ra has actually given the kingship”     Big deal to cut obelisks, red granite out of a corey, slowly stepping towards that kingship     Name of Hatshepsut Hnmt­imn in cartouche, Daughter of king, Wife of King, God’s Wife of  Amen (always uses religious ideology to gain power)        Week 5 Lecture 2 Notes  Very new concept that demands plebeians and middle classes’ revolts ­> not the case of Egypt  since it is an agricultural state, elites don’t have to care about the opinions of the common  people     PPT temple scene: carved down south, away from the rest of the elites   Hatshepsut presented to deified Senwosret III as a queen, supporting the young king Thutmose  III in year 2, Semna temple     Constantly reinvent herself ­ former type of God’s wife of Amen (formal title but that doesn’t  really give her the King title), her King title is formed informally   2   A different kind of kingship ­ ideological publications to everyone that she’s there to stay and on  par with Thutmose III     Undated Sinai stela: queen with Maatkara name + Hatshepsut United with Amen     Hatshepsut doesn’t date anything specifically making it hard to record stuff    Avoiding to mention the actual King ­ depicting herself alone in the temple   The only way to date something, is to associate with King, but Hatshepsut doesn’t want to  therefore vaguely we know that her avoidance of her nephew’s status     When Hatshepsut actually claim the kingship ­ y ​ ear 2 o​year 7 (we going to go with year 7  that she starts using the tile Nswt bity ­ the king of upper and lower egypt)     Maatkara ­ truth, soul, sun god     As Thutmose III gets older, Hatshepsut needs to change her status even gender more    Autobiography of Ahmose Pennekhbet, El­Kab     ● Says, “I attained a good old age while I was king’s man, being in the favor of their  majesties, my love being in the palace, I.p.h. for me, the God’s wife repeated favors, the  king’s great wife, Maatkara, true of voice. I brought up her eldest daughter, the princess  Nefrure, while she was a child at the breast.”     ● Listed with other kings, but not as a king     Block of dismantled   building of Thutmose II, Hatshepsut offering wine to Amen­Re as  King of Upper and Lower Egypt     ● offering wine to god = normally only king shown doing this  ● called “king of upper and lower egypt”  ● called Maatkara  ● queen’s dress + king’s wig and atef crown    Image depict her dressing like a woman but crowned like a king, Hatshepsut offers wine to  Amun    Recared Relief of Hatshepsut from Buhen Temple   ● Hatshepsut originally wore queen’s dress, but with striding legs  ● recarved as king’s shendyt kilt   3   Senenmut’s rock cut sanctuary at Gebel Silsila, just before coronation  “Live, the King’s first born daughter Hatshepsut, may she live, beloved of Amen, Lord of  the Thrones of the Two Lands, King of the Gods”    link to Thutmose II ignored  heir to Thutmose I instead     Claiming descent to power from her father and ignoring her husband (IDEOLOGICAL)      4


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