MUH 2019 2/15-2/19 participation sheets
MUH 2019 2/15-2/19 participation sheets MUH 2019
Popular in Modern Popular Music
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Popular in Music
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Heya_Lanayia on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to MUH 2019 at Florida State University taught by Chris Orr in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 637 views. For similar materials see Modern Popular Music in Music at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
InClass Worksheet: Monday, February 15 – Bob Dylan and the Urban Folk Revival (Aesthetics and Taste Cultures) 1. What ideals characterized the Urban Folk Revival? Who were its primary participants and audience? Ideals that characterized the Urban Folk Revival include political and social issues of the day, story telling, using “folk instruments” (banjo, and acoustic guitar). The primary participants/ audience included college aged listeners (drawn to social awareness and level of maturity in folk music), and minority groups, poor, and oppressed people. 2. Why was the acoustic guitar considered to be the ideal folk instrument? The acoustic guitar was considered to be the ideal folk instrument as it was very portable, and not as loud; which allowed one to focus on the lyrics. 3. What factors initially made Bob Dylan a good fit as the face of the 1960s urban folk movement? Some factors include his originality and intensity of songwriting, gift for poetry, hard rambling/ rough performance style, use of traditional songs/ original material, high accessibility to fans in NYC and the fact that his songs were frequently by other performers. 4. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS: Fans interpreted Bob Dylan’s performance with an electric guitar at the 1965 Newport Folk Festival as a deep betrayal of the ideals of the folk movement. What would be a counterargument explaining how Dylan’s aesthetic shift positively affected rock ‘n’ roll? Dylan’s aesthetic shift positively affected rock ‘n’ roll as it greatly influenced and helped shaped the heavy electric guitar based rock ‘n’ roll we know today. Brackett, Ch. 29: Bringing it All Back Home – Dylan at Newport According to Nelson, what was the “choice” the audience had to make between Pete Seeger and Bob Dylan? Who did they choose? Who did Nelson choose? How do you think this was a watershed moment for the folk music movement and for popular music in general? According to Nelson the audience has to choose between an idealistic view of the world (Seeger), and a blunt realistic view (Dylan). The audience chose Pete Seeger while Nelson chose Bob Dylan. This was a watershed moment as it allowed folk music to enter rock ‘n’ toll, and therefore enter the mainstream. Entering the mainstream allowed folk to be more widely well known. 5. Dylan’s lyrics to his iconic song “Like a Rolling Stone” are marked by their density and intensity, full of __surreal___________ _____images________ and ____blunt___________ _______realism_________. The chorus ends with no resolution or answers, but offers only a series of _____questions_____________ hurled at the young female subject of the song. th Participation worksheet: Wednesday, February 17 Rock Comes of Age: Aesthetics, Art Rock and Progressive Rock circa 1970 1. In contrast to the organized social activism that characterized the late 1960s, the 1970s has been referred to as the _____me_____ ______decade__________ , marked by a ____turning_________ __inward___________ of American culture. 2. By the 1970s, many rock musicians saw themselves as __artists________ , constructing and promoting their albums as ______________unified pieces of art_________________ . This in turn was furthered by the creation of albumoriented radio. In addition, FM radio stations developed ____niche_______ _____marketing_________ that targeted specific audiences, reflecting the ______fragmentation__________ of musical tastes within the rock mainstream. 3. How did Emerson, Lake, and Palmer combine aesthetics of classical music with a rock sound? How successful or unsuccessful do you find their approach, based on what we listened to in class? Emerson, Lake, and Palmer combined the aesthetics of classical music with a rock sound by incorporating an orchestra in the background. The approach was pretty successful as it was attention grabbing and nice to listen to. Brackett, Ch. 45: The Aesthetics of Rock 4. What are “hot” and “cold” media? According to Goldstein, why does an understanding of the differences between the two matter so much to rock criticism and an aesthetic appreciation of popular music? Furthermore, why do you think Goldstein finds it so important that rock has its own developed body of aesthetic criticism? Hot media provides the maximum amount of information to a specific sense. Cold media provides low definition of images and allows audience to fill in the gaps. By understanding the difference between the two it meant that rock critics could no longer separate form from content. Goldstein thinks it’s important that rock has developed its own body of aesthetic criticism because of rock itself is limiting, not complex, and antiartistic. With this in mind rock is very different from other genres, and in consequently deserves and should have its own set of aesthetic criticism 5. Goldstein states that “for the vast majority of our youth, pop culture becomes a pervasive reality long before the age of artistic discrimination.” What are the implications of this statement? Do you think that this is still applicable to society today? Is there an inherent danger in children’s early exposure to some forms of popular culture before receiving a ‘proper’ education in artistic aesthetic discernment? The implication of this statement is that pop culture is forced upon the youth before they can discriminate and choose their music taste for themselves. This statement is definitely still applicable to today’s society. A child’s early exposure before receiving ‘proper’ education in artistic aesthetic discernment is dangerous. This is because early exposure coupled with a lack of education forces and traps the child in the box of the music they were first exposed to. Upon being trapped in this box the child then develops a narrow, and in a sense forces music taste. Brackett, Ch. 55a: “Keith Emerson” 6. What is progressive rock? What distinguishes it from other genres of rock? Progressive rock is the spawn of psychedelic rock and European art music (classical music) Progressive rock is distinguished from other genres of rock as it includes clear references to classical music form and texture. Progressive rock is also very authentic compared to the other genres. 7. What are some of the reasons Emerson gives for why he incorporates classical repertoire in his songs? Emerson incorporates classical repertoire into his songs because he likes the sound of it, and how it adds something so different. Attendance worksheet: Friday, February 19 (Led Zeppelin and Hard Rock) Article Discussion Questions: Ch. 52a – “Review of Led Zeppelin by John Mendelsohn” 1. List the musical elements that coalesced to form the sound of early hard rock: Musical elements that coalesced to form the sound of early hard rock include electric guitar, heavy bass, power chord, and drums 2. What differentiated the first heavy metal groups like Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath from earlier blues revival groups of the late 1960s? Led Zeppelin and Black Sabbath were differentiated from earlier revival groups of the late 1960s by their instrumentation (trio of guitar, bass, drums, and a noninstrumentalist singer), images featuring the occult and supernatural, and an unenthusiastic reception by rock critics. 3. What is your response to this review of Led Zeppelin’s first album? Why do you think Mendelsohn might have responded so negatively? What might be some of the implied values and aesthetic judgements behind his critiques? It was shocking to read how negative Mendelsohn’s review was. Mendelsohn probably responded so negatively simply because he didn’t like their sound (musically or thematically) Possible implied values behind his critiques include a dislike of flowery and romantic themes; which were displayed in their first album, Possible implied aesthetic judgements behind his critiques include a dislike of heavy drums, vocals, and repetition; all three being characteristics of Led Zeppelin’s first album. Ch. 53: Led Zeppelin Speaks! 4. According to Page, how are guitarists in the U.S. viewed differently than in guitarists in the U.K.? How do you think this difference may have impacted the range of sounds and influences present in Led Zeppelin’s music? (301) According to Page, in the US guitarists are viewed as specialist, while in the UK guitarists learn a little bit of everything, and learn on the spot. This type of learning would result in a narrow range of musical variations, which would explain the heavy redundancy and repetition found in Led Zeppelin’s music. 5. What was the critical response to Led Zeppelin’s III album? What are some reasons that Jimmy Page gives for its reception? (304) The critical response to Led Zeppelin’s III album was that it was just imitating other groups. According to Jimmy Page, the album was receipted because there was high emotional quality in songs. This album also sharply contrasted the sound of their first one, but it still carried the essence of the first one. th 6. According to Page, what was the group’s reasoning for the lack of information on the cover of their 4 LP? th According to Page, the cover of the 4 LP lacked information as a response to the critiques of the first album, and also to defy expectations 7. After reading this interview, what are some general impressions you have as to the band’s process of songwriting and the role of technical proficiency vs. creativity? The band’s writing process has changed, and improved over time. There’s a time for technical proficiency in the realm of song writing, but creativity is almost better. Technical proficiency guarantees a song, but it doesn’t leave much room for creative experimentation. 8. LISTENING ACTIVITY (Answer on back): As you listen to “Stairway to Heaven,” list musical and/or textual elements of the song that you think reveal Led Zeppelin’s folk or Celtic influence, and those which evoke an early heavy metal sound. How do you think the two are successfully brought together in this recording? Musical/ textual elements that show Led Zeppelin’s folk/ Celtic influence include heavy, storytelling lyrics, and the use of the flute. Musical elements that evoke an early heavy metal sound: Electric guitar solo, sudden vocal change to a more rock sound, as well as heavy drums. The two sounds were successfully brought together in the recording through smooth transitions of both sounds. For example, the story telling lyrics are played with, or right after the guitar.
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