CRJS 316: Week 1
CRJS 316: Week 1 CRJS 316
Popular in Juvenile delinquency
Popular in Criminal Justice
Earnestine Fisher III
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Takyra Thompson on Sunday August 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CRJS 316 at Old Dominion University taught by Dr. Chappell in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 115 views. For similar materials see Juvenile delinquency in Criminal Justice at Old Dominion University.
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Date Created: 08/30/15
Week 1 Chapter 1 Childhood and Delinquency 0 v Youth and Adolescence o In the US the poverty rate is the worst of the whole world 0 Children under the age of 18 make up 37 of he population I Of that 22 below poverty level12 low income I The increase of living in poverty includes racial minority living in south parents less than high school education and urban area 0 Risk Factors for Delinquency I Poverty associated with cognitive education social health emotionalmental health problems I Health and nutrition I Family singleteen parents incarcerated parents broken homes I Substandard living conditions I Inadequate educations 70 of 4th graders not reading on grade level 339 Inventions of Childhood and Delinquency o Treating children as distinct social group is a relatively new phenomenon 0 Prior to that children treated as little adults 0 High mortality rate 0 Workdiscipline o Marriages were economic arrangements 0 Punishmentdeath penalty 339 16001800s changes led to recognition of childhood 0 Changes in family structure Laws to controlprotect children Urbanizationindustrialization Children saving movements State intervention 0 Mandatory education 339 Establishment of juvenile court 0000 0 Illinois juvenile Court Act 1899 I Parens patriae I Rehabilitationtreatment I Less culpable I Focus on offender I Simple closed process I Separate from adults 0 Each state has its own separate court for juveniles since 1945 339 Juvenile Court Reform 0 Family court systems I Separate neglectedstatusdelinquent youth 0 Due process changes 0 Federal involvement 39 Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Juvenile Delinquency participation in illegal behavior by a minor who falls under a statutory age limit Status Offender conduct that illegal only because the child is underage AtRisk Youth youth people who are extremely vulnerable to the negative consequences of school failure substances abuse and early sexuality Chronic Offenders youth who have arrested four or more times during their minority and perpetuate a striking majority of serious criminal acts Juvenile Justice System the segment of justice system including law enforcement officers the courts and correctional agencies that is designed to treat youthful offenders Best Interest of the Child A philosophical viewpoint that encourages the state to take control of wayward children and provide childcare custody and treatment to remedy delinquent behavior Wayward Minors early legal designation of youths who violate the law because of their minority status Of ce of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention OJJ DP branch of the US Justice Department charged with shaping national juvenile justice policy through disbursement of federal aid and research funds
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