Week 1 Notes; August 24, 26, 28
Week 1 Notes; August 24, 26, 28 SOCL 100
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allyson Notetaker on Sunday August 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCL 100 at Western Kentucky University taught by Matthew Pruitt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 135 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Western Kentucky University.
Reviews for Week 1 Notes; August 24, 26, 28
it is exactly what we discussed in class
Can you just teach this course please? lol :)
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Date Created: 08/30/15
August 24 2015 Introductory Sociology Week 1 Sociology The scientific discipline that studies how social groups influence human action and interaction quot The basic insight of sociology is that human behavior is largely shaped by a person s placement in the structure of society as well as the groups to which people belong and the social interaction that takes place within these groups Different groups such as religion gender race impact our behavior Behaviors and interactions are largely patterned and predicted not random Social Structure may change over time August 26 2015 Global linkage o Sociology offers students the opportunity to understand the global village 0 All societies are increasingly connected through technology and economics 0 Many social problems faced by Americans are more serious elsewhere 1 Poverty 2 Homicide 3 Gender male dominance 0 Understanding global issues and the larger would allow students to better understand themselves and how our lives are socially constructed The discipline s origins 0 Three major social changes in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries 1 Rise of a factory based on industrial economy 2 Emergence of large cities 3 Political changes individual s liberty and rights Auguste Comte 17981857 0 Founder of sociology Greek socius companion or with others and the latin logos which means reason or study of o Positivism proposed the idea of applying the scientific method of the social world 0 His goal for sociology was to reform society and make it a better place to live 0 He argued quotwe must observe society in order to uncover it s fundamental laws August 28 2015 Karl Marx 1818 1883 0 Class conflict struggle 0 Species being 0 Thought capitalism is too oppressive of a structure for species being too developed 0 Alienation o Distortion of human nature 0 Workers under capitalism are alienated 1 Productive activity 0 Workers don t work for themselves to produce what they need 0 Work is not satisfying in and on itself Product 0 They don t own what they produce 0 They can t use it to meet their needs Fellow workers 0 Ideally humans should work together with people of their own choosing 0 People want raises and don t want to be cut Human potential 0 Ideally work should involve mental and physical dimensions Money 0 Distorts natural human relationships 0 People are valued and given attention based on how much money they have quotExtent of the power of my money is the extent of my power quotMoney is honored and hints its possession August 28 2015 Labor theory of value 0 Profit is referred to as surplus value 0 Labor of the workers that transforms the product to be worth more 0 Profit goes to owner of production 0 The greater the surplus value the greater the expectation of the workers Bourgeoisie Owners of the means of production Proletariat the workers Petite Bourgeoisie craftsman o Surplus value 0 False consciousness an incorrect assessment and understanding of a social structure and their place in it 0 Class consciousness they would develop an understanding of the system and exploit them Why did communism not emerge in industrialized society like he thought Capitalism changed broke up monopolies minimum wage workers safety social security etc
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