EDP 310 Non-Formal Learning
EDP 310 Non-Formal Learning EDP 310
Popular in Topic: Motivation
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brooke Blacker on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EDP 310 at Arizona State University taught by Stein in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Topic: Motivation in Psychlogy at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 02/28/16
Running head: THE VALUE OF NON-FORMAL LEARNING 1 Bell Brooke Bell Arizona State University The Value of Learning Outside of the Classroom THE VALUE OF NON-FORMAL LEARNING 2 Bell Learning outside of the classroom brings so many more opportunities to students as they develop throughout their childhood as opposed to learning in the restricted area of the classroom. Students are able to explore and learn different things for themselves as they explore new concepts outside of the classroom. “What is often overlooked or underestimated is the potential for science learning in nonschool settings, where people spend majority of their time.” (Robelen) Personally, I think children will benefit from learning outside of the classroom because it makes learning more engaging and they are able to find new things that might interest them that they probably wouldn’t while sitting in a classroom being taught by a teacher. Learning outside of the classroom has many values, and advocates say that it makes learning more relevant and realistic. Research conducted by Braund, University of York, and Reiss, professor at the University of London, concluded that it is highly important to take students on field trips and promote informal learning, outofschool work, and learning at home, in an effort for students to fully grasp what is happening in modern science. (Swift) Reflecting back on my childhood and the experiences I had throughout my education, the most memorable times I had were spent outside of the classroom. Going on field trips, for me, was exciting and something to look forward to. It made me excited about learning something new and being able to experience it first hand. The most memorable time I had was when I went on a field trip to Catalina Island in with the entire 6 grade class. It made learning about science fun and I realized it was more effective being able to experience it first hand and make discoveries on my own. That exposure helped me grow in many aspects as I took risks and engaged with the environment around me. THE VALUE OF NON-FORMAL LEARNING 3 Bell From the research I have done on the value of learning outside of the classroom, I realize that majority of people on the matter believe that learning outside of the classroom is extremely beneficial for students. The more senses that are involved in learning, the more beneficial and better the learning will be, but that doesn’t mean that concrete experience is the only effective way of learning. In order to help each learner in the development, there must be a balance between concrete and abstract experience in order to address all of the learner’s needs. Although research shows that learning outside of the classroom is an effective means of learning for students, there are challenges in evaluating just how much students gain from this experience. “Advocates for informal learning emphasize that it is vital not simply to align measures for outofschool learning with the focus on standardized achievement tests so prevalent in public education.” (Robelen) Experts suggest that there is still a long way to go in finding a valuable form of evaluation for this form of education. For example, Kevin Crowley, the director of the University of Pittsburgh’s Center for OutOfSchool Environments states that we are just beginning to find theorybased, reliable measures to evaluate nonformal learning. From researching the issue of evaluating students through nonformal learning, I think that teachers could evaluate their students through reflection on their experience of learning outside the classroom. After students go on a field trip or do other kinds of science learning outside of the classroom, I believe it could be effective for the teacher to evaluate what or how much his or her students learned during that experience in a classroom discussion where students talk about what they learned. The use of different environments for learning is important in the learning process and makes the most memorable learning experiences for students. The connection students make THE VALUE OF NON-FORMAL LEARNING 4 Bell during this type of education links feelings and learning, which help the students make sense of the world around them. Learning outside of the classroom can happen anywhere, at anytime, and it enables young people to construct their own ideas and learning and live successfully in the world that surrounds them, which will carry with them for many years. THE VALUE OF NON-FORMAL LEARNING 5 Bell Works Cited Department for Education and Skills (2006) Learning Outside the Classroom ManifestoSwift, M. (2010). Learning Outside of the Classroom, ASCD, 52, 10 Edgar Dales Cone of Experience, retrieved from http://teachernoella.weebly.com/dalesconeof experience.html Erik W. Robelem (2011), Role of Science Learning Outside of School Grows, Education Week, retrieved from http://www.edweek.org/ew/articles/2011/04/06/27is informaloverview.h30.html Swift, M. (2010). Learning Outside of the Classroom, ASCD, 52, 10. Retrieved From: http://www.ascd.org/publications/newsletters/education update/oct10/vol52/num10/LearningOutsidetheClassroom.aspx