Road to Reconstruction
Road to Reconstruction HIS 136
Popular in History Of The United States Since 1865
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Brianna Notetaker on Sunday August 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIS 136 at Illinois State University taught by William Biles in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 124 views. For similar materials see History Of The United States Since 1865 in History at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 08/30/15
HIS 136 US History Since 185 Brianna Durkin Week 2 Reconstruction What do we do with the 11 states that say they left the union Do they get re emitted with all the same rights as states Or do the start from scratch Lincoln39s 10 Plan 0 As soon as 10 of the 1860 electorate in each Southern state declared their loyalty to the union then that state could be reemitted 0 Wanted to bring back in the Southern States as fast as possible 0 This plan pissed off the North not enough punishment for causing the bloodiest war in US history 0 Government made up of Northern republicans vote no on the plan WadeDavis Bill 0 Congressional plan for reconstruction o Majority of the electorate more than 50 takes an iron clad oath then it can be reemitted into the union 0 Iron clad oath an oath stating that the Southern states are now loyal to the US and always have been oya Logicay it made no sense Congress set the bar so high that is unlikely the states won39t be able to reenter the union Andrew lohnson Vice president who takes over after the assassination Originally the governor of Tennessee brought in to smooth things over with the South Wants to be even more lenient on admittance into the union To rejoin the union the must completely abolish slavery Black Codes The Southern response to Andrew Johnson39s reconstruction plan 0 After abolishing slavery and being brought back into the union the Southern states started passing black codes Examples 0 Limited ability to own property 0 Restricted ability to appear in court votemarry o Vagrancy laws Reinstituted slavery to the highest degree that they could Radical Republicans Especially concerned about black codes extremely antislavery Wanted to make the civil war stand for something Abolitionists Very unhappy about what39s happening in the South HIS 136 US History Since 185 Brianna Durkin Week 2 0 Motivation 0 Desire for revenge The South lost the war they should have to suffer o Believed they won a crusade against slavery so the black codes felt like a big step back in their cause 0 Politically they thought the Democrats in the South being brought back into the union would threaten their political stronghold as republicans Claim thatJohnson39s abolishment of slavery rule was null and void Freed men 0 Former slaves Where do they stand on citizenship What role do they play in politics Do they get a vote 0 Originally this was decided by the 35 compromise o The slave population x the regular population the population after the 35 compromise Andrew lohnson Vice president who takes over after the assassination Originally the governor of Tennessee brought in to smooth things over with the South Wants to be even more lenient on admittance into the union To rejoin the union the must completely abolish slavery 1866 Congress vs The President 1 Congress overrides the president s veto on one of the laws they pass 2 1866 is a congressional election year meaning most of congress ran with an antiJohnson themed campaign while Johnson traveled around the country to discourage the election of radical republicans Johnson39s campaigning spread the word that he was an alcoholic and turned public opinion even further against him 0 Lead to even more radical republicans in congress in 1866 Reconstruction Act of 1867 Vetoed byJohnson immediately 0 Congress overrides Johnson39s veto and passes the law 0 The Reconstruction Act states 0 Confederate states committed state suicide and were no longer US states o It divided the confederate states into 5 military districts controlled by a general of the US with no state government Tennessee was already reemitted at this point and was not affected by this 0 In order to be reemitted states must Ratify the 13th and 14th amendments Draw up a brand new state constitution that prohibits slavery HIS 136 US History Since 185 Brianna Durkin Week 2 Allow freedmen to participate in the process of writing the new constitution Elect new leadership Allow freedmen to participate in the elections of the new leadership Go to congress after nishing all of this and ask to be reemitted Southern Reaction Felt they were being occupied Thought it was humiliating to be forced to come ask congress to be re emitted after nishing all of the congress39 already humiliating requests 13th Amendment 1865 Gets rid of slavery 14th Amendment 1866 Gives the freedmen citizenship rights 15th Amendment 1870 Gave freedmen the right to vote
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