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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haley Heil on Sunday August 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 65 views.
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Better than the professor's notes. I could actually understand what the heck was going on. Will be back for help in this class.
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Date Created: 08/30/15
Greek Culture Week 1 What is Greek 0 Greece crossroads of east and west 0 Served point of trade and contact 0 In uenced by other countries 0 Because they had to trade often they settled along the coasts of other countries 0 They were thought of as the frogs around the pond 0 Rocky terrain beaches mountains Ancient Greek citystates 0 Places that had their own individual governments o No unity What is Culture 0 History 0 Art 0 Literature 0 Politics 0 Religion 0 Daily life 0 Other sources y should we care 0 quotWe are all Greeksquot what does 21st century MO owe to the ancient Greeks 0 Not all things are Greek things go back to the Greeks but could have originated else where But they are nothing like us Philosophy language ideas about freedom The Greeks had the idea of individual rights Rational humanism Greeks did bizarre things To celebrate Dioneses they would run out and nd an animal tear it limb from limb and sometimes eat the raw meat The Bronze Age Sources and Society 0 One of the sources is clay tablets 0 Written in linear B 0 Always ask for sources 0 Neolithic artifacts 0 Carbon dating 0 Crossdating Finding similar items in different locations 0 Connecting them to actual dates of other cultures 0 Bronze Age 0 Copper Tin Bronze Wh OOOOO 0 Bronze arrives from the east 0 Came from Mesopotamia amp or Egypt 0 3 major civilizations Cycladic early B Age Minoan middle B Age Mycenaean end B Age 0 Cycladic early B Age 0 Centered in the Cycladic islands 0 ln contact with North Africa and the east 0 Figures are mainly female goddesses 0 Figures are mainly male musicians o Minoan Crete middle B Age Can see Cycladic culture overlapping with crete Merritime empire Strong navy Sir Arthur Evans 18511914 Excavated middle B Age civilization in Cnossus on Crete in 1900 Named it Minoan after mythical King Minos of Crete o Minotar labrynth half bull half human Found palace structure 0 Floor plan looked like a labrynth o A lot of bull art work 0 Pottery changes over time Harvester vase Minoan seal stone Incredible gold smiths 0 Linear A tablet Minoan writing Not yet deciphered Used for temporary record keeping o Rosetta stone Found with Egyptian Greek amp another language Helped with cross translations o Minoan snake goddess sculpture Woman were of higher in uence 0 The end of the Minoan civilization 0 Volcanic eruption on Thera Santorini Caused giant crater o Earthquake The area was prone to them 0 Invasion Bringing in new cultures 0 Withholding of health insurance subsidies led to a massive revolt Slaves revolted The Late Bronze Age BC most often now you see BCE 0 Before Christ AD year of the Lord 0 Counting down to year zero 0 O O O O How much Greek culture draws on individuality From Minoan to Mycenaean The change happened through language Around 2000 BC Greek speaking people arrive in mainland Greece Minoan in uence on newly arrived Greeks o Greeks borrow from Minoan Administrative structure big centralized palaces governing large territories Writing system linear A amp B Late Bronze Age 0 Greeks politically and militarily strong 0 Economical rivals to the Minoans Mycenaeans 0 1st Greeks o discovered by Heinrich Schliemann inspired by myths of Trojan Wars discovers ruins of Troy in1870 goes on to excavate Mycenae in Greece 1874 stupendous nds gets its name from Mycenaean age from this nd place in Turkey found Priam s Treasure 0 out of Turkey to Berlin illegally Russians came in 1945 amp took it until 1993 o Kept in Moscow museum Troy amp Mycenae o Across the Algean Sea 0 Starts excavating at Mycenae Reinforced walls on the hill The lion gate is the entrance into the city Called the walls of cylpeans Underground water supply Shaftgraves Grave in the form of a shaft 0 Found lionhunt dagger Found a ton of weaponry These items match up with Homer s epics making him believe in the truth of the stories Found a ton of gold jewelry Death masks he found and sent back to Berlin Also found images of chariots 0 Another connection between what he found and what is written in the epics OO Nestor s cup found Found a set of armor and daggers Boar tusks made into helmets Described in the Iliad Bronze and gold weapons found Pottery quotwarrior vasequot Tholos tomb at Mycenae Centers of Mycenaean power Thera Tiryns Pylos Knossus Very similar types of nds but not as many riches Mycenaean community or power found in Sparta Athens Acropolis in Mycenaean Period Have their language deciphered in linear B Administrative records No history poems or myths Michael Ventris Architect and lover of languages Deciphers linear B in 1952 0 Early form of ancient Greek 0 Each picture is a consonant 0 Large stash of linear B tablets in Pylos
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