Week 1 Notes
Week 1 Notes POLS 150
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Leslie Castillo on Sunday August 30, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 150 at Northern Illinois University taught by Katherine Paton in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Democracy in America in Political Science at Northern Illinois University.
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Date Created: 08/30/15
POLS 150 8262015 Thomas Jefferson amp the Declaration of Independence Notes 0 Official Author of the Declaration of Independence Continental Congress o It was a committee of 5 0 Ben Franklin was the one who wrote it he did not speak very well Jefferson s draft of the Dec of Ind had references to Godand included a paragraph on slavery Why did Congress change it Because the rich owned slaves and they wanted a divine entity to look up to 0 Jefferson says you are born with rights Tocqueville says you have to earn them God in the Declaration l quotLaws of Nature and of Nature s Godquot Jefferson included these 2 ll quotThey are endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rightsquot life liberty pursuit of happiness lll quotSupreme judge of the worldquot gets added later IV quotwith a rm reliance on the protection of divine providence l gets added later Jefferson wants to separate the political from the religious He believed religion was full of ignorance and superstition This separated him from the rest of the people because they were very superstitious when it came to religion Jefferson s paragraph on slavery blames the king of England for slavery l doesn t make sense because the British were done with slavery before the United States 0 quotAll men are created equalquot Who The white rich top 1 not slaves or women People interpret this differently Tocqueville Equality amp Politics 0 He comes to America because he was interested in the prison system 0 Turns out he likes American democracy 0 He thinks equality is happening everywhere 0 More booksl more people readingl more knowledgel the people start to notice that the people around them are different They have more money and they demanded more equality The clergy become more politically active