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Unit 2 Notes

by: Thomas Brown

Unit 2 Notes ARS 100

Thomas Brown

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Notes on unit 2.
Introduction to Art
Class Notes
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This 15 page Class Notes was uploaded by Thomas Brown on Sunday February 28, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ARS 100 at Arizona State University taught by Engle in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 30 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Art in Art History at Arizona State University.

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Date Created: 02/28/16
Terms to Know  Homer o Greek epic poet authored lliad and odyssey o Lived around 850 BC or close to Trojan war  Heinrich Schliemann o German archeologist o Excavator of Homeric Troy and Mycenaean sites o Discovered Mask of Agamemnon/Priams  Treasure/Treasury of Minyas/Dagger Blade With Lion Hunt  Arthur Evans o British archeologist o Unearthed great palace at Knossos in Crete and named  civilization Minoan after King Minos  Tholos Tomb o AKA Beehive tomb o Structure is built in a way to resemble a beehive o Definition­ A small round building. Sometimes build into  the ground as a Mycenaean tomb  Black Figure o The black­figure pottery (Greek,  'μελανόμορφα,melanomorpha) technique is a style of  ancient Greek poetry painting in which the decoration  appears as black silhouttes on a red background  Red Figure o Red­figure vase painting is one of the most important  styles of figural Greek vase painting. It developed in Athens  around 530 BC and remained in use until the late 3rd  century BC. It replaced the previously dominant style of  Black­figure vase painting within a few decades. Its modern  name is based on the figural depictions in red colour on a  black background, in contrast to the preceding black­figure  style with black figures on a red background.  Phidias o Greek sculptor, painter, architect o Athena Promachos (the defender)465­455 BC/gold and  ivory statue of Athena(Parthenon)/Zeus at Olympia/Statue  of Aphrodite/In charge of rebuilding Acropolis/Marshals and  Young Woman  Pericles o Statesman/General of Athens/Orator o Golden Age o Convinced Athenians To rebuild Acropolis and show  Athenian values  Polycleitos o Called the elder he was a sculptor in the bronze age  created new style called cannon o Spear bearer (doryphorus)/Diskophoros/  Praxiteles o Attic sculptor o Hermes Bearing the Infant Dionysus/Louvre Apollo  Sauroctonos/ Aphrodite of Knidos/  Greek and Persian Wars  Euphronius o Ancient Greece painter and potter o Death of Sarpedeon  Exekias o Ancient Greece vase painter o Considered best of black figure style o Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game/Ajax Committing  Suicide  Panatheniac Festival­ o Held every four years o Most important festival for Athens and one of the grandest in the entire ancient Greek world. Except for slaves, all  inhabitants of the polis could take part in the festival o Celebrated birth of Athena o Scholars say Parthenon Frieze represents Panatheniac  procession.  Peplos­ A peplos (Greek πέπλος) is a body­length Greek  garment worn by women in the years before 500 BC. A cloth  rectangle fastened on the shoulders and belted below the bust  or at the waist.  Kore­ Greek statue of a young woman  Kouros­ Archaic statue of a young boy or man Architecural Terms Doric Order- In Doric temples, the columns have no base, but just sit right on the floor. At the top of the columns, there's a capital made of a sort of small pillow in stone, and then a square block, under the architrave. On the architrave, there are triglyphs and metopes Ionic­ Columns stand on a base which separates the shaft of the  column from the stylobate or platform. Triglyph­ Triglyph is an architectural term for the vertically  channeled tablets of the Doric frieze, so called because of the  angular channels in them, two perfect and one divided, the two  chamfered angles or hemiglyphs being reckoned as one. The square  recessed spaces between the triglyphs on a Doric frieze are called  metopes. Metope­ a metope (μετώπη) is a rectangular architectural element  that fills the space between two triglyphs in a Doric frieze, which is a  decorative band of alternating triglyphs and metopes above the  architrave of a building of the Doric order. Frieze­ In architecture the frieze is the wide central section part of an entablature and may be plain or – in the Ionic or Corinthian order –  decorated with bas­reliefs. In interiors, the frieze of a room is the  section of wall above the picture rail and under the crown moldings or cornice Capital­ The sculpted block that tops a column. Accordin to the  coventions of the oreders, capitals include different decorative  elements. Pediment­ A triangular pediment found over major architectural  elements such as classical greek. Architrave­ The bottom element in an entablature, beneath the frieze and the cornice. Stylobate­ In classical architecture, the stone foundation on which a  temple colonnade stands, top step Art Pieces Aegean Minoan  Palace Complex, Knossos (reconstruction) o City of Knossos, island of Crete o Central courtyard o Cardinal point (N, S, E, W) entrances o Large, complex palace o Stone with wooden parts o Palace of Minos Staircase  Reconstructed by Arthur Evans  Partially reconstructed  Peaceful people  Aquatic imagery  Very colorful  Bull Leaping  Partially reconstructed  Entertainment/ritual  Abundance of bull imagery  More movement of the human form  Tiny waist  Flowing hair Mycenaean o Tholos, Treasury of Atreus  Triangle, weight relieving door entrance  Ceiling technique – corbelling  The Lion Gate  Mycenae  Schliemann (man who discovered it)  Monumental gateway  Relieving triangle with lions  Minoan influence in the column tapering  Dagger Blade with Lion Hunt  Idea of warfare  Idea hierarchy  Mask of Agamemnon  Schliemann (man who discovered it)  Wealth and power of people in graves  Connection with Egyptians.  Covering the face with a mask when  deceased  Chronology  Minoan  Mycenaean  Dark Ages  Geometric Period  Orientalizing Period  Archaic Period  Classical Period  Hellenistic Period  Begins with the death of Alexander the Great Greek Archaic  Funerary Vase (Krater) o Used as bowl for mixing wine and water o Used as grave marker o Geometric Period o Dipylon Cemetary, Athens  Temple of Artemis (reconstruction of the west façade) o Located on the Island of Korkyra (corfu) o Gorgon Medusa (pedimental sculpture)  Marble sculpture shows Medusa holding remains of  a baby with two lions on each side of her.  Lord of evil to ward off evil  Treasury of the Siphnians, Delphi (reconstruction drawing) o Sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi o Scenes of the battle between gods and giants o Columns carved in the form of clothe women o Oracle  Anavysos Kouros o Grave Markers/Votive Offerings o Male Nude, frontal stiff, patterned hair o Cemetary at Anavysos, Athens  Peplos Kore o The Peplos Kore is a female figure taking her name from the heavy wool garment she wears over a chiton o Acropolis, Athens o Stiff smile, hint of form  Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game o Daily Life/Warfare o Competition o Trojan War o Exekias­author o Form follows shape of vase o Black figure  Herakles and Cereberus o Different color heads on cereberus o Person hiding in big vase  Death of Sarpedon o Son of Zeus o Death and Sleep carry him away while Hermes watches o Greek, Male, Nude o Attempt at foreshortening o Red Figure o Euphronius (painter) Euxitheos (potter) Classical  Spear Bearer (Doryphorus) o Tries to create perfect stature o Original made in bronze o Many Roman copies o Shift in weight o Tilted hips and shoulders o Polykleitos o Contrapposto  Diskobolos o Athletic sculpture o Tense muscles o Torso area o Passive face o Roman copy (original in bronze) o Myron  Atlas Bringing Herakles the Apples of Hesperides o Shows two male forms o Athena helping herakles hold up the sky o Tense muscles  Warrior A o Bronze o Found in water off coast of Italy o Turned head o Full sized bearded warrior o Also called Riace Warrior o Found by Stefano Mariottini  Parthenon, Acropolis o Idoric temple o Athens o Greek and Persian war o Temple of Athena o Replace old parthenon destoryed by persia in war  Parthenon (East Pediment) o Scene of the birth of Athena o Zeus headache he gets struck by Hephestus zeus head  splits open and out comes Athena  Lapith Fighting a Centaur o Metope o Greeks vs Amazon o Gods vs Giants (gigantomachy) o South side of the Parthenon o Cape motion  Panatheniac Festival Procession o Represents parthenon frieze  Horsemen o Ionic frieze north side of the parthenon o Skilled riders managing powerful steeds o Representative types, ideal inhibatants of a successful  city­state  Marshalls and Young Woman o Detail of the procession, Ionic frieze on east side of  parthenon o Graceful but physically sturdy young walkers o Representative types, ideal inhibatants of a successful  city­state  Presentation of the Peplos o Gods and Goddesses o East pediment Late Classical  Hermes and the Infant Dionysus o Praxticles o Temple of Hera at Olympia in 1875  The Man Scraping Himself (Apoxymenos) o Lysippos o Original in bronze o Represents athletes  Aphrodite of Melos o Also called Venus de Milo o Missing arms o Found on Island of Menos o Intended to recall the aphrodite of praxiteles Hellenistic  Great Alter of Zeus, Pergamon o Wonder of the World o Gigantomachy o Athena attacking the Giants  Nike of Samothrace o Found at Sanctuary of the great gods o Also called winged victory of samothrace  Laocoon o Scene of the Trojan war o He is the son of Acoetes o Narrates the Trojan War  Old Woman o Roman Copy


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