Beginning Notes SWK 240-002
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashley Jerread on Monday August 31, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SWK 240-002 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Mr. Robert in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Basic Working Relationships in Social Work at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 08/31/15
SWK 240 8202015 8272015 8202015 0 Why am I talking Do not ask whv The client needs to lead the conversation and the social worker needs to follow along with the conversation NO relationship between the social worker and the client is not a good thing it means that there is no communication and communication is needed 0 Never assume anything Ask What Instead of Why 0 quotWhyquot can mean you39re in trouble and then you can get defensive Clarify and understand the clients language rather than assuming what they may have meant Listen and be empathic Feeling FELT The client knows that you39re tuned in and empathic and appreciate their voice 0 Ask the client what they want 82 52015 Social Construction 0 quotThe whole dear notion of one s own selfmarvelous old freewilled free enterprising autonomous independent isolate island of selfquot is a myth Things May Look Very Familiar Pictures that look like several things Organize and categorize Brain immediately xates on something Brain decides on something and immediately keeps that idea rst impressions stick Once you get used to something you can switch back and forth Templateschema we build a template and try to x them into a schema or speci ed group Describe Person in Each Example 0 This class experiment was to show us about how rst impressions stick 0 We never can know enough information about someone We automatically assume but in the social work eld we can never assume Sometimes we choose things that are familiar and comfortable to use Brain reconstructs things based on rst impressions You can never understand a person thoroughly based on several adjectives you need to learn someone better before you can draw conclusions quotNot Knowingquot we need to get to this place of not assuming Research Psychiatric Hospitalization and auditory hallucinations Change nothing in a patient39s script contact the ER and say they hear voices put into hospital 6 weeks there they didn39t hear voices Most were released within 24 weeks but still had a diagnosis of psychosis or schizophrenia rst impression they have this mental problem the patients kept a log and so did the hospital staff The hospital staff took things way out of proportion and interpreted them differently they said that the patients were obsessive compulsive Identical clinical histories and APA another example of this Traditional Model or Medical Model How we think we see and understand the world 1 External stimuli 2 Recorded as if out there 3 Assumed to be what it quotappearsquot to be as if true objective existence mind as mirror 4 We describe as objective observations of data 5 Respond as if to objective facts and data is revealed outside of us Social Constructionist PostModernist World39s selectively seen and understood as a reconstruction within our mind which is an ongoing process Perceptual Exploring ProcessSeeing amp Hea ng Heuristics help to quickly process stimuli Selectively attends to Stimuli from Outside Lens or Schema Of world in V Social Construction Motor Theorv of the Mind 0 Mind acts on the world 0 When we quotseequot the world we are quotseeingquot our own personal amp culturally shared versions of stimuli All of our ideas are based on our life experiences values and the limitations of our biological brain processesgenetics quotNot Knowingquot ask questions Social Construction 0 Understanding is a subjective experience it39s not objective 0 The mind organizes the world into categories as a consequence of mental processes that enable quick evaluation heuristic of what we come in contact with c We create knowledge about the world by means of organizing stimuli into schema or constructs about what stimuli means as we have EXPERIENCED it o The lenses help us to quickly manage a great deal of information c We selectively attend to aspects of stimuli amp draw quick conclusions based on our own perceived conclusions 0 Based on meaning making strategies ways of processing information in terms of already constructed mental maps diagrams models of the world the mind organizes amp categorizes experience for easy reference amp alignment for recognition 0 It39s never easy to alter rst impressions because they are tenacious once we have an impression we look for more evidence to con rm it New Constructivism Images construct our perspective 0 Negative images help construct negative schemata Social Construction 0 Habits repetitive patterns of behavior 0 Habits allow us to handle recurring situations automatically 0 We observe and respond to each other39s habits and in this way we come to anticipate amp demand upon the habits of others Institution a collection of shared expectations about such long term public habits Language More than Words 0 quotLanguage isn39t a mirror of life it39s the doing of life itselfquot Gergen 1999 0 Language can be seen as a metaphorical game with socially constructed roles amp rules Let39s Try Talking to Each Other 0 Talk about any subject 0 Assume the words you hear form the other person is exactly what you think it means o If they say depressed assume it means exactly what you think it means 0 Don39t check out ideas or words 0 Go with what you think it means Metaphors we live bv amp perpetuate The ways of our talking and writing become key targets for concern because carrying the past into the present to create the future lnformed by a constructionist sensitivity we re challenged to step out of the realities we have created and to ask signi cant questions 0 What are the repercussions of these ways of talking who gains who is hurt who is silenced what traditions are sustained which are undermined and how do I judge the future we are creating Metaphors War metaphor your claim was indefensible her criticisms were right on target I39ve never won an argument with her he shot down all my arguments Social Work as Dialogical You just don39t understand me You can t know how I feel I know what you mean it happened to me Without understand we re lost Without understanding we can39t generate meaning together can39t coordinate meaning together can39t coordinate action can39t coexist But how do we go about understanding each other amp why is misunderstanding so common Af rmation is listenino Open curiosity is a signal of af rmation To quotbe movedquot by another39s suffering is a high form of af rmation Not Knowing Human systems are language generating systems amp simultaneously meaninggenerating systems 0 The therapeutic system is a linguistic system 0 Meaning amp understanding are social constructed through dialogue The role of the therapist is compared to a conversational artist whose expertise is creating a space for amp facilitating a dialogical conversation c Any therapy revolves around an issue or problem amp attempts to quotdissolvingquot the quotproblemquot 0 Use conversational questions or constructive questions from the position of quotnot knowingquot rather than questions that are informed by a theoretical orientation of preconceived constructs amp ideas about people amp problems Constructive Questions 0 Assist in entering into the world of the client 0 They provoke a response related to the client39s world view amp desired outcomes Solution Focused Questions Constructive questions Provoke conversations about change amp possibilities goals amp desired futures looking for what39s working and looking for strengths amp skills amp resources Putting it together 0 Social construction means we construct our realities through language amp dialogue Dialogue is an interactive process that provokes actions amp thought from the participants when I ask a question it moves the other to respond 0 Solution focused questions assume that given this process we can provoke a dialogical conversation re ecting the ideas amp desires of the client 0 Solution focused practice assumes that people are selfrighting not without pain and scars but able to make it o A foundation of strengths perspective that people make it in some way the question is what makes that happen and how do they do that Solutionfocused questions ask this type of question how did you make it here today Support from other Models 0 Carl Rogers it39s how the individual perceives reality that39s important amp the best vantage point for understanding a person is that person the task of the therapist is to help the client hear their own voice and the good life is a process not a state of being direction not destination Positive Psychology 0 Stephen Joseph amp P Alex Linley 2206 0 Positive therapeutic approach rests on the idea that the agenda for change comes from the client rather than the therapist The client is their own best expert amp has within them resources for personal growth Sheldon amp King 2001 Positive psychology revisits the quotaverage personquot with an interest in nding out what works what39s right what39s improving 8272015 Appreciating Uncertainty Don39t assume check it out 0 Not knowing No limitations Respectful curiosity about what they mean when they make a statement 0 Questions that open a person39s narrative Solution Strengths Social Interpersonal The Brain 0 A social organism It requires social experience particularly an uplifting one 0 Attachment Bond Process if it works well then the social brain develops Two brains have to be interconnected in order for the social brain to develop Spits 19301940395 went to an orphanage to do some research they were not giving the babies enough love and the babies began to die and he concluded that babies that are not touched or given love will die and if they survive they will have a lot of problems 0 The rst year of life social interaction is IMPORTANT this is how one learns how to comfort themselves and how to feel safe 0 These processes are only learned when the attachment process is working Brain Interpersonal l2roblems in Response VS reaction again this is dependent on how the brain is raised The amount of stress on the mother39s brain while pregnant in uences the amount of stress put on the fetus39 brain this increases the amount of cortisol in the baby39s brain when it is born the cortisol levels in the baby affects the parietal lobe the hippocampus this affects understanding and memory To reverse this process of memory and understanding being affected society has come up with one thing MindUp this is the process of teaching children about the amygdala and the brain to help learn about how their brain works amp how they can cope with things that may have happened to them quot This is called neuroplasticity our brains are always changing amp developing new neurons amp better connections to the parietal lobe MindUp is also a form of mindfulness Compassionate mindfulness be with people amp have compassion amp empathy
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