Human Anatomy BIO271
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mackenzie de Vicente on Monday August 31, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BIO271 at University of North Carolina - Greensboro taught by Dr. Ingram in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Human anatomy in Biology at University of North Carolina - Greensboro.
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If Mackenzie isn't already a tutor, they should be. Haven't had any of this stuff explained to me as clearly as this was. I appreciate the help!
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Date Created: 08/31/15
Ch 1 Biological Organization and Terminology De nitions of the Field 0 Anatomy study of the of the body Naming parts and pieces Identifying interrelationships among parts Overall organization of things 0 My study of the of the body and of its individual parts Describing how each part works Determining how parts work together to accomplish common tasks 0 Anatomy Disciplines 0 Microscopic Anatomy Cytology studying Histology studying O Macrosc0pic Anatomv Developmental Regional Surface Systemic breakdown body into systems to study Comparative O Subspecialties Pathology how anatomy changes in presence of disease RadioloovMedical Imadind how can you look at body using different imaging techniques and how does the image change versus different methods Surgical How are we put together 0 Levels of Biological Organization gtlt Aim 1 Atoms magi 3 Molecules and Macromolecules HH Q39H39 1 F5 Sn L it mmmmuh L a f 39 d 7quotquot M Dram 7 qmanalllfa y ail 1 1 l r7 7 27 r r lag quot at gin 39 3 Ulydlllblllb Body Systems know major organs of each organ system Q lntegumentary System Skin Hair Sweat glands Nails 0 Muscular System Skeletal muscles Attached tendons O Skeletal System Bones Cartilages Associated ligaments Bone marrow O Nervous System Brain Spinal cord Peripheral nerves Sense organs O Lymphatic System Spleen Thymus Lymphatic vessels Lymph nodes Tonsils O Digestive System Teeth Tongue Pharynx Esophagus Stomach Small intestine La rge intestine Liver Gallbladder Pancreas 0 Respiratory System Nasal cavities Sinuses Larynx Trachea Bronchi Lungs Alveoli 0 Urinary System Kidneys Ureters Urinary bladde Urethra r 0 Male Reproductive System Testes Epipdymis Ductus deferens Seminal vesicles Prostate gland Penis Scrotum O Endocrine System Pituitary gland Thyroid gland Pancreas Adrenal glands Gonads testes and ovaries Endocrine tissue in other systems 0 Female Reproductive System Ovaries Uterine tubes Uterus Vagina Labia Clitoris Mammary gl 0 Cardiovascular Sys Heart Blood 4 big spaces within the body Ventral Aspect NB3M1 PostBrim A 5 past Blood vessels Body Spaceleavities 0 Internal Cavities Posterior Aspect Cranial Cavity Vertebral Canal Ventral Asoect or Cavitv Thoracic Cavity Abdominopelvic Cavity O Other spaces located in head besides cranial cavity 39 GEE Hm mamas Elmmum lungs mewm space mamai lungs my 7 l WM FHBZIIEEIEIZIHIJH I EJJrl39Dllrl E I39lEill39t O Subdivisions of Abdominopelvic Cavity 0 Further Subdivisins of Abdorninopelvic Cavity V O Organs within cavities often isolated from cavity walls and other organs by doublelayered membranes Membrane around each organ usually gets own name Parietal laver attached to lines Visceral laver attached to directly covers Iiayar attaudhad r Fluid a39lilanlfaund Wilmrefat gh m t mullng cam 1mm 395 aanyaam layara quot5 5quot directly cayaraj organ HUM V r m IFrHa39ialmriEmdlm F39Ilil iill39dlll lElm mm mua ilui isvr i 322 I Ia iilxi lmi nrdium Viewing the Insides O X Ray O Computed Tomography CT or CAT Scan 3D image Better picture of soft tissue Higher resolution versus x ray Downside more expensive more time intensive more gamma radiation than x rays 0 Sonography Common for pregnancy Uses sound waves that bounce off tissue and create image Much safer no gamma radiation See things in real time 0 Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI Best for anatomical resolution Gives highest resolution image of body Can see things statically and can be used to see things in real time as well Relatively non toxic Downsides very expensive takes time to book and create image Anatomic Position RaniEma I l j a y l n i H ll 139 u ruin Eutllamfa ff l ail EurJesza EIGHT l l l l i m LEFI39 hand J hand it all ilk l l Fameem I I39m it in i l l l laggm F ll at L sm 0 Dividing the Bodv Up 0 Planes Axis Sagittal divides body or part of body into left or right portion Transverse Horizontal divide body or part into top and bottom Coronal Frontal divides body into front and back part E fal Tr l v l i r Emmi IIIIEI39IIE lm zmlmm NEHEl llEMF 0 Section Slice parallel to an axis Frontal Sagittal Transverse Directional Terminologg 0 Table 12 in textbook 0 Describing where one thing is in relation to something else Bodv AreasRegions O Super cial landmarks for naming or describing 0 Learn anatomic name for each region 0 Table 13 in textbook
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