Week 1 Lecture Notes - Recent Theories in Sociology
Week 1 Lecture Notes - Recent Theories in Sociology SOCIOL 3100 - 01
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SOCIOL 3100 - 01
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jessica Twehous on Monday August 31, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCIOL 3100 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Kara McGhee in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Recent Theories in Sociology in Sociology at University of Missouri - Columbia.
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Date Created: 08/31/15
827 Notes week 1 Ghostly Matters by Avery Gordon What is a haunting Both individual and societal pasts individual experiencespast world events We39re all quothauntedquot by social arrangements and instutions and how the affect us quotWe need to know where we live in order to imagine living elsewherequot 483 How social life is actually constructed subjectivity how we define ourselves as people in the modern world ex I39m a woman from America Construction of social reality how are we defining ourselves with the places and resources in the world How is social reality constructed How should social scientists go about defining this Positivism scientific method and empiricisism the rise of the scientific method rejecting mythicism departure from religion religious leaders are not giving us the truth science is by measurement if it can39t be measured we39re not concerned with it this is a big step for humans because it has brought us a lot of good studies even though there have been bad ones too soc and psych trying to prove their validity Ontology relation between knowledge experience and power these all influence each other what can we know and how can we know it and how does power impact that the academy at large has not recognized a lot of theories ex race is a social construction until that conclusion is found is certain ways of knowing it isnt recognized ontology is how do you operationalize your variable ex quothow satisfied are you with yourjobquot does not predict quotmeasurement of moitvationquot Epistemology how do we know things How can we know things How can we verify information Complex Personhood 0 structure and agency structure is institutions agency is their own choices Are we going to study people as a product of of institutions or based on their own choices 0 opposite of rational choice theory quotpeople make decisions based on self interestquot 0 complex personhood is more messy people have goals BUT there39s a lot of reasons they do what they do 0 Decart says Humans are special quotI think therefore I amquot Karl Marx made us think about humans differently quotI am therefore I thinkquot Individual specialness is a lot less important than your class in terms of how your life turns out He believe your class position is the biggest factor in your life Your class position defines who you are your consciousness is rooted in your class That39s why Marx39s basically invented sociology o ModernismPostmodernism periods or eras of thought theories go under them post modernism is the endless possibilities to obtain media we39re not really linked to geology small town people aren39t necesarily ignorant to the world We no longerjust look to see how the structure affects people but also how people affect the structure 0 lnvisibilityHypervisibility hypervisiblity what we think we see and know about people invsibility is the feelings and thoughts of a person that we don39t actually see 0 Dialectic there39s always another side of the coin o captialism would be considered invisiblehypervisible complex personhood It39s difficult to study society without considering the impact of what was missed and ignored quothuntingquot is Avery39s way of trying to include what has been forgotten and lost in the past that have affected our society today
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