Week 1 Lecture Notes
Week 1 Lecture Notes SPAN A101 003
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Morgan Lambert on Tuesday September 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SPAN A101 003 at University of South Carolina Aiken taught by Stangohr in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 73 views. For similar materials see Beginning Spanish in Spanish at University of South Carolina Aiken.
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Date Created: 09/01/15
Week 1 Lecture Notes 1 Nouns same de nition as in English Gender 0 Biological Grammatical M H el masculine word ends with an o M H la feminine word ends with an a GOLDEN RULE 21 0 Words ending in ma pa ta is feminine Ex problema mapa planeta GOLDEN RULE 22 LONERS Rule 0 Singular nouns ends with loners its masculine M H o If a nouns ends in z or the word is feminine ex pa red 0 If a English word ends with ty take off the ty and add dad or tad ex Universidad ex animosidad ex berm If a word ends with ssion in English it will be sion WITH AN ACCENT MARK OVER THE quot0quot Ex session session Ex confusion confusion 0 Words that end with a tion changes to cion in Spanish Ex obligation obligacion 0 English words the end with tor changes to dor in Spanish Ex refrigator refrigador Ex generator generador Ex terminator terminador Week 1 Lecture Notes 2 Days of the Week written in lowercase are all masculine lunes ma rtes mi rcoles jueves viernes sabado domingo MondayFriday are called quotinvariable nounsquot They are nouns that are the same form when they are singular and plural How to make singular nouns plural o If it ends with a consonant add quotesquot 0 If it ends with a vowel add Stress on a word 0 Add accent marks 0 ACCENT MARKS OVERRULE EVERYTHING 0 Ex si si si means yes si means if Accent mark rule Words ending in a vowel n or s are normally stressed on the next to last syllable 0 Ex re pa so word is repaso 0 Ex to m toes word is tomates Words ending in a consonant are normally stressed on the last syllable 0 Ex us ted word is usted 0 Ex re loi word is reloj N tilda It makes the ny sound like in canyon 0 Ex Bob has two years Bob tienes dos anos Vowels o A o E quotequot in Spanish takes the a sound in English 0 I in Spanish takes the e sound in English 0 O 0 U o No silent vowels o Pronounce every vowel 0 Sounds the same every time Week one Lecture Notes 3 Alphabet A C o C ie s has the 5 sound C aou K has the k sound D E F 0 Foto photo Fotografi39a la photography Farmacia pharmacy G G ie has the h sound G aou H o Is silent Hache is the spelling Ex hacienda fancy house 0 Take the h sound 0 Ex ja Ja that ha Ha In Spanish 2er Ere roll ex Roberto rr trilled ex carro te spelling of the letter 7 t tea uve b sound ex vaca means cow dobe u or u dobe uve dobe vice versa M H followed by a vowel 55 ex exacto followed by a consonant 5 ex excelente zeta soft quot5 sound Week one Lecture Notes 4 Nouns and Articles chico boy chicos both boys and girls chica girl chicas girls tio uncle tios both uncles and aunts tia aunt tias aunts el amigo boy la amiga girl hermano brother hermanos both hermana sister hermanas sisters Certain nouns use the same form for masculine and feminine DO NOT CHANGE 66A 66099 0 e1 artista la artista malefemale artist 0 e1 estudiante la estudiante male female student 0 e1 poeta la poeta malefemale poet Nouns ending in e or a consonant can be masculine or feminine 0 la clase class 0 el lapiz pencil Nouns ending in ad and i n are feminine 0 la universadad university 0 la naci n nation Nouns ending in ma are masculine 0 el problema problem 0 el drama drama 0 el enigma puzzle ARTICLES ARE ADJ ECTIVES Definite the 6 9 6 a Indefinite and Golden Rule 3 Two basic categories for adjectices 1 ends in an o 2 Ones that don t end in o 0 Buenoaosas ex grandes 0 Maloaosas 0 Jojoaosas Goldent Rule 50 IN SPANISH NEVER END A SENTENCE WITH A PREPOSITION Singular masculine el Singular feminine la Plural masculine los Plural feminine las Golden Rule 1 Uno m un masculine singular ex un carro una feminine singular ex una chica unos mascualine plural ex unos carros unas feminine plural ex unas ni as Golden Rule 31 one word can be more than one speech EX party can be an adjective noun verb EX trabaj adoro trabaj adora trabaj adores as 0 They are nounsl ONLY EXCEPTION
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