Geography Week 1 notes
Geography Week 1 notes GEOG 103 001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eliza Lynch on Tuesday September 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 103 001 at University of South Carolina taught by Larianne Collins (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 192 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Geography in Geography at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 09/01/15
825 Geography toponym a place name Bismark ND 72 billion people on Earth geography the study of the earth as the home of the humans 0 crosses the sciencesocial science barrier both affect each other 0 geography as a spatial science looking at how the world changes over space Evolution of the Discipline Greek Roman amp Chinese geographers Greek first group we knew about to help us study geography Aristotle Eratosthenes Ptolemy Aristotle first one to recognize that the world we live in is round through observation Eratosthenes coined the phrase geography amp almost accurately figured out the circumference of the earth Ptolemy created the first world map in 200 AD Middle Ages geography almost died about but didn t thanks to the Islamic scholars Marco Polo Leig Eriksson exploration Age of Exploration Dias Columbus Balboa Magellan Mercator just know that they fall under this period This was the main time period that people were exploring the land amp world around them for things they could bring back to their landkingdom Figuring out how to make the world map more accurate 1780 basic outline of the current world map was established 18501950 Modern Geography Germans ruled geography first people to offer the studycollegiate discipline of geography Colonialism going out and conquering land imperialism a step further not only conquering the land but the ppl within the land and converting them to your own valuesviews Environmental Determinism geographical faultpeople trying to justify this idea ldea that environment determines human achievement Emergence of the census good thing Late 20th Century Special science amp the emergence of subfields Regional geography starts to decline qualitative methods began to increase w research Technology GIS remote sensing geospacial technologies Branches of Geography 1 Physical natural 2 Human cultural 3 GlScience argued as a third branch Humanenvironment interactions Approaches regionalsystematic Field work anywhere you can go and assess your surroundings Basic Concepts of Geography 827 Geographic literacy not only knowing geographical factslocations but also understanding why Mandarin is the most widely spoken native language Landscapes Natural vs Culture Landscapes change constantly Natural may shape how people live but doesn t dictate how we will hills topography on campus Cultural the visible imprint of human activity built environment ex Shopping center roads russell house etc HumanEnvironmentNature Society Interactions Humans Modifv excreating farmland Humans Adapt ex birds nest built in a power line Loca on Absolute location physical addressspot on the planet where something exists latitude and longitudinal coordinates Relative locationdescribes a location in relation to something else most commonly how we talk about locations Site vs Situation Site an absolute location concept Describing what is at a certain place ONLY physical and cultural characteristics of a spot Humans can modify site characteristics Ex site factor Manhattan NY island on the coast abundance of fresh waternatural resourceshumans have obviously modified this making it larger w cement amp landfill Ex Columbia sandy soils on the congaree river on a hill English speaking etc Situation relation location concept how accessible and connectable is it to other places where it is situated compared to other things Where its situatedlocated can either helphurt them Ex Columbia SC 95 mi south of charlotte between Appalachian mounts amp Atlantic Ocean east of congaree river The Global Grid system of reference based on angular distance for locating points on the Earth s surface Use key reference points to determine locations NS Poles Equator Prime Meridian 0 International Date Line 180 degrees exact flipside of the prime meridian NS poles aren t lines but points Lines of latitudes parallels run east amp west but measure how far NorthSouth something is scientifically derived by the sun can be accurately measured by the daylight Lines of longitude meridians run north amp south but measure how far eastwest something is of the prime meridian completely a human creation 1 degree is almost 70 miles total lines of longitude is 360 degrees Telling time from Longitude Longitude Act of 1714 John Harrison clockmaker who was the first person to accurately measure longitude and discover time zones 360 degrees in 24 hrs 15 degrees in 1 hr 36024 every time zone is 15 degrees if traveling east add 1 hr every 15 degrees if traveling west lose 1 hr every 15 degrees 24 time zones 15 degrees each Absolute direction based on cardinal points NESW Relative direction references a direction that is culturally based about where something is in relation to something else Absolute distance linear answer in miles etc Relative distance time money more meaningful units to us usually how we think ex a 5 min drive from my apt etc Scale describes the level of analysis based on the level of detail that we see how zoomed in you are local global national regional etc
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