Online Course Module 1; Lecture 1
Online Course Module 1; Lecture 1 SOC 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Claire Conrad on Tuesday September 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 101 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by a professor in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 68 views. For similar materials see Intro To Sociology in Sociology at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/01/15
Definition of Sociology systematic study of the relationship between individuals and society study of order and action in a societyhow things get donemove forwardfail different measures of successbest hair vs best grades vs richest etc Sociological Perspectivesociological imagination to see and understand the connections between individuals and the broader social contexts in which they live consider your identity as well as the social environment in which you livethese in uence who you are understanding these connectionsheart of sociological perspective deal with the cards you re dealt v life is what you make it developed by Wright Mills social sciences needed open and free inquiry and systematic collection of evidence The discipline of sociology developed under the following conditions new technologies and economic crises Common Sense beliefs are not always reliable because they lack a systematic analysis of the facts Modernity in 1700 Europe led to questions being raised about life and increased personal freedom Economic changes fuel social changesrural to industrial Marx father of capitalism relationship between capitalistsowned means of production and the laborersworked for wage dynamics of capitalism led to owners wanting to pay lowest wage possible emphasizes objective factors Emile Durkheim Social Solidarity religion in social life and scientific study of morality Social Basis of Suicide collective conscienceshared values of society without collective conscience providing moral constraints people would descend into anomiechaotic state or normlessnesswithout moral guidance anomie loss of direction developed sociology as an academic discipline Harriet Martineau Gender Discrimination amp Slavery first female sociologist translated Comte s writings wrote first book on research methods dedicated to sociology WEB Du Bois Racial Inequality ground breaking research on race The study of sociology the study of how where you re sitting affects the way you behave in the room 0 throw paper ball professorequal assignment 0 guy sitting closest has better chance of completing assignment the study of how where you fall in the society affects your outcomes and behavior never use individual motivations for actions sociology is the study of how the social matters Scientists group to 3 theories 1 structural functionalist 2 con ict 3 symbolic interactionist Merton distinguished Manifest functions recognized and intended consequences of social phenomenon Latent functions largely unrecognized and unintended consequences How the social matters 1 structural functionalism 1 how great it is that some people are in charge of different tasks everyone is best at one thing 2 society functions as a finely tuned instrument 2 critical theory 1 hunger disease want disempowerment 2 we need to study how these problems replicate so that we can lessen them and better the society 3 Literally glass half full vs glass half empty 1 where you are at in the society affects how you view how the social works 2 individual perspective affects theoretical standpoints Culture collection of values beliefs verbal or nonverbal body language norms knowledge language behaviors and material objects shared by a people and socially passed on from generation to generation leamed by a process called socialization Structure recurring patterns of behavior in social life Power allocate resources make decisions define reality closely tied to inequality all society has it just varies degree 1 IlOI C I CSOUI CCS1 IIOI C DOWCI Post Modernity rise of democracy and science shifted towards ways of knowing and information based economies gtkemphasize relationship between individuals and larger social forces amp interactions between various social institutionsilt Comte positivismaccurate knowledge must be based on evidence was key to solving persistent social problems Spencer society is a social organismkinda like functionalism weak parish strong survive Weber Protestant Ethicapproach as actor rationalization of societyrationality replaced tradition as the basis for organizing social and economic life propelled social change subj ectiveverstehen Jane Addams social reformer founder of Hull Housepoor immigrant communities of Chicago helped develop Urban Sociology at U of Chicagothe first sociology department in the US Social Theory principles and propositions that explains the relationships among social phenomena con ict tensions and disputes in society gt social change Consensus solidarity and cooperative interaction gtsocial stability Goffman comparing everyday life to a playstage Mead sense of self through interaction with others and by self re ection social life is like a play Merton social dysfunction social patterns with negative consequences Our lives are impacted by the objective world we live in and our subjective interpretations of that worldquot