8/26, 8/28, 8/31 Class Notes
8/26, 8/28, 8/31 Class Notes SOC 1523
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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by KatieNotetaker on Tuesday September 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 1523 at University of Oklahoma taught by Clay in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 100 views. For similar materials see Social Problems in Sociology at University of Oklahoma.
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Date Created: 09/01/15
Social Problems class notes 9115 613 PM Social Problems Often closely interrelated When enough people in a society agree that a condition exists that threatens the quality of their lives and their most cherished values and they also agree that something should be done to remedy that condition 0 The main reason for social problems 0 Societies are always changing and having to adapt to new conditions 0 Failure to adapt leads to social problems Sociology theoretically driven and it is empirically based 0 Two paradigms 0 Macro level Conflict theory and structural functionalism or just functionalism 0 Micro theory Ex how people act in an elevator 0 Embedded in symbolic interactionism cooling and mead The social sciences were guided by the enlightenment The early social theorists came out of the decades immediately following the enlightenment 0 Max Weber and Karl Marx Functionalism o Durkheim As society changes roles and statuses change a Ex agricultural Industrial Contemporary Sociology Functionalism 0 Conflict theory Interactionism Dominant Trends 0 Recession housing foreclosure unemployment the national debt 0 Health care system 0 Insurance Federal and state debts Electoral corruption The disparity between the fortunes of the haves and the have notsquot Social Darwinism Applies ideas from biology and Darwin s natural selection and survival of the fittest to the ideas of sociology What are the core values of the United States Early 19705 Equality and patriotism Concept of social structure table 11 know social sciences History 0 Study of the past 0 Used to present social problems Cultural anthropology 0 Social organization and development of smaller nonindustrial societies both past and present Psychology 0 Deals with human mental and emotional processes Mainly individual experience Social psychology 0 Study of how psychological processes behavior and personalities of individuals influence or are influenced by social processes and settings Economics 0 Study the levels of income in a society and the distribution of income among the society s members Political Science o The workings of government at every level of society Natural history of social problems 0 Tend to take distinct patterns Barry Glassner 0 Media thrives on sensationalism 0 Has concerns about America s fears Most frequently used research methods 0 Demographic studies 0 How social conditions are distributed in human populations and how the populations are changing 0 Rates are better than absolute numbers because population is always changing 0 Survey research 0 Uses statistics to gather information from people 0 Field observations 0 Sociologist participates in social setting of the individual 0 Social experiments 0 Systematically varies the conditions that are of interest to see effects Zimbardo Stanford country experiments Willing to punish other people for no good reason 9115 613 PM 9115 613 PM The Enlightenment class notes 9115 613 PM Early 17005 extending to early 18005 They believe human beings were rational reasoning creatures The age of reason We believe in progress Efficiency is essential and rationality Americans believe in equality and patriotism Poverty is not inevitable 0 Result of an unjust social system 0 Could be eliminated by 0 Redistribution of wealth o Elimination of inherited social status 9115 613 PM 9115 613 PM Culture class notes 9115 612 PM Social Structure 0 Status 0 Where you fit into a group Role 0 Expected behaviors that go along with status 0 Groups Institutions 0 Pattern and predictable aspect of life 0 People knowing where they fit and staying there Scribe Status 0 Born into 0 Little say in changing Achieved Status 0 Status you earned Culture 0 Material 0 Nonmaterial 0 Serious rules 0 Ex no murdering Folkways Informal rules 0 Ex table manners the way you dress Master Status Related to occupational structure Finding out what people do Role What you are expected to do Role conflict o Conflicts in your life Ex if you have an exam the same time you have to work 0 Role strain 0 Put into position that you don t have the ability to do what is Group expected of you 0 Set of people with same experiencesexpectaitions 0 Primary 0 00000 Gemeinschaft Tend to last over time People care about one another Ex mother father immediate family Usually associated with socialization The building blocks of the society 0 Secondary OOOOO Institutions Gesellschaft Characteristic of the modern world Ex this class Tend not to be too personal Live out good parts of our lives in this group 0 Originally formed to meet basic human needs 0 Ex health care 0 Social problems are embedded in institutions 9115 612 PM 9115 612 PM
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