PSY 205 Lecture 1 Notes
PSY 205 Lecture 1 Notes PSY 205 - M001
Popular in Foundations of Human Behavior
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alicia Notetaker on Tuesday September 1, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 205 - M001 at Syracuse University taught by T. Palfai in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 246 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Human Behavior in Psychlogy at Syracuse University.
Reviews for PSY 205 Lecture 1 Notes
Better than the professor's notes. I could actually understand what the heck was going on. Will be back for help in this class.
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Date Created: 09/01/15
Tuesday September 1 2015 PSY 205 Lecture 1 Notes Our definition of psychology The scientific study of behavior of living organisms Plato and Aristotle Plato Idealism reality is in the mind Aristotle Plato s student empiricism the theory that all knowledge comes from senseexperience William Wundt 18321920 Leipzig Germany Studied the difference between the physical and psychological world Goal of psychology is to understand the content of the mind His technique was to look into yourselves and analyze the object of the mind and where it came from Structuralism Edward B Titchener 18671927 Interested in content of mind Formed a school and studied how the mind thinks Functionalism William James 18421927 Believed that it doesn39t make sense to study the content of the mind but study the function how it works Harvard professer Associationists Edward L Thorndite 18741949 Tuesday September 1 2015 Puzzle box experiment with cat and fish Law off effect Set up a lab in William James basement to see how the mind works lvan P Pavlor 18491936 Classical conditioning Interested in digestive system of dogs Behaviorism John B Watson 18781953 The mind is not an organ Interested in sexual behavior Was fired for taping sex as a study Gestalt Psych Max Wertheimer The motion picture The phiphenomenon Psychoanalysis Sigmind Freud 18561939 The psychoanalytical school Psychology as a profession I Clinical Psychology 2 main areas of activity A Practice hospitals medical center private practice Tuesday September 1 2015 1 Applies psychology to improve lives a Works with depression and anxiety B Clinical psychologists involved in areas of research ex Kate Carry 1 Alcohol use and abuse a Short term effects positive b Long term effects unpleasant 2 Interventions for college students who may drink too much a When do the negative effects compete with the positive b What causes one to drink more over time The interventions walk through open ended discussion with students about alcohol Most heavy drinking students are ambivalent on the impact alcohol has on their lives so the interventions are to help them become more aware ll Experimental Psychology How the mind works 1 Can t ask a babies questions and expect an answer have to do experiments a Giving a list of words to test one s memory b If someone points a gun at your head the mind remembers the gun but can t picture the person holding it 2 These psychologists are good with sensational perception problem solving but bad with love and laughter lll Developmental Psychology Broad term including the explanation of how people change through their lives 1 These psychologists are interested in child development a Work in labs to try to learn how thinking changes as one ages Tuesday September 1 2015 b Solve problems of education and child care 1 Health pyschologist i as kids age they start to have views on relationships the right choices substance use etc 2 Behavior analyst i can be found in a school setting IV Educational Psychologist Research fields involving things such as leadership student behavior learning everything related to education 1 Typically in academic settings 2 These psychologists work with kids with learning disabilities 3 They are throughout school districts within the country 4 Work to improve young kid s academic skills a Academic intervention 1 Gives kids feedback on their academic performance 2 Gives specific feedback about mistakes or feedback on how well they re doing 3 Interventions are held to calculate the learning growth trajectory M Social Psychologist Scientific study on how thoughts feelings and behaviors are in uenced 1 Field having good personal and societal reference 2 Study the basic research on behavior a What makes ove happen b What starts prejudice thoughts Tuesday September 1 2015
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