Week 1 Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Michaela Banks on Wednesday September 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Pols 100 S at Old Dominion University taught by Reiling in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views.
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Date Created: 09/02/15
Introduction to International Politics Why study history and politics 0 So that history does not repeat itself 0 Learning lessons through patterns 0 Analyze how things could have happened theories Ancient Greece 0 5th Century BCE mostly citystates Athens was the major citystate and the second major was Sparta Persian threats united Athens amp Sparta o The Peloponnesian War split the land Athenian leader and general Thucydides was a sucky dude but he was really good at international relations Analyzed both sides of the Peloponnesian War by dialogue quotThe strong do what they can and the weak suffer what they mustquot was a quote that justi ed conquering a neutral state 0 The Pelo War had everything 0 Probable causes land and naval powers allies and neutrals heroes and traitors battles and sieges and both sides were ahead at some point Muslim Expansion 0 7th Century AD 0 There was the decline of the Byzantine Empire because of Persian con ict 0 The Sassanid Empire was weak 0 Power vacuum 0 There was a dynamic new religion in the area Islam which advanced women s rights 0 Natural traders and migratory people so they were easily mobile Caliphs Umar and Uthman expanded Islam under the Umayyad Dynasty 0 Islam was expanded to Tours Constantinople Islam was expanded into Africa and Asia 0 Ibn Khaldun 14th Century writer The Muqqadimah Talked much about social con ict Political economy commerce and trade Recognized in the West around 1697 Medieval Italy 0 City states and minor rules among the land 0 Catholic church as an overarching authority 0 France HRE Spain and Switzerland were all vying for in uence Florence was controlled mostly by Lorenzo di Medici Vatican was controlled by Borgias who was actually Spanish Niccolo Machievelli was the secretary to the republic and was red in 1512 and imprisoned a year later He wrote quotThe Princequot and it was called the longest resume in history 30 Years War 16181648 France vs the HRE amp its allies Religious war at rst but became a dynastic war Extremely devastating ie routine massacres famines diseases About 311 million deaths and killed about half the German population There were witch burnings which was basically Protestants burning each other Economies were devastated Peace of Westphalia 1648 amp IR Baseline Not a single treaty but many treaties that took about 5 years It ended an 80 years war It af rmed the idea of quotwho s realm his religionquot Wartime barriers to commerce were abolished and there was a general recognition of sovereignty Movement towards freedom of religion Rise of International Relations There were many great political thinkers 0 Thomas Hobbes social contract John Locke Separation of church and state Montesquieu separation of powers Chapter 1 International Relation relationships among the governments of the world analyzes economies alliances etc The UN regulates the world and tries to avoid anarchy Positive Impacts for IR Technology Communication Transportation Individuals can now make a difference Core Principle of IR is the goal to solve the collective goods problem and there are only limited resources like food and water Ways to solve this problem Dominance establishing a power hierarchy Reciprocity reward good behavior punish bad behavior can be direct and indirect Identity Relies on the community more than self ie feeling for the greater good like recycling 0 International Relations as a eld of study is a practical discipline 0 Connection between scholars and policy making community 0 Traditionally focused on war and peace Actors and In uences State territorial entity controlled by a government and inhabited by a population Usually has a capitol city and someone who acts in the name of the state Sovereignty Answers to no higher authority and must be acknowledged by other states International system a set of relationships among the world s states A 400 year old system 200 states in the UN has explicit and implicit rules 0 A major cause in war today is perceived mismatch between nations and current borders originally cease re lines Others include economic telecommunications and Weapons of Mass Destruction Nonstate Actors IGOs UN NATO WTO NGOs Red Cross 0 MNCs McDonalds Walmart 0 Terrorists Religions Individuals Levels of Analysis 1 Individual Levels perception choices and actions a Take into consideration great leaders and important foreign policy decisionmaking in uences 2 Domestic Levels aggregations of individuals in states that in uence the international arena a IE sate governments interest groups government agencies 3 State Levels in uence of the international system upon outcomes a Interactions of states themselves diplomacy treaties trade war 4 Global eve goba forces and trends a Ecology global warming technology imperialism
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