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Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aubrey Michel on Wednesday September 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 1320 at Texas State University taught by Dr. Rebecca Montgomery in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 72 views. For similar materials see History US to Date in History at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 09/02/15
Economic Development and Manifest Destiny I The scramble for western resources The Homestead Act and land distribution 1862 The Act promised greater opportunities for the white working class it intended to make the poor and unemployed economically independent 10 2 74 million acres of all US lands were claimed by the Homestead Act and it gave 160 acres to anyone who was 21 years or older for a 10 filing fee The people who bought the land had to live on it for 5 years before they were given the title to the land The role of Railroads The Pacific Railway Act 1862 Authorized two railroad companies Continental and Union to build the Transcontinental RR The RR started east from California to the west in Nebraska RR s increase the property value of the land around it The Act was amended in 1862 and the RR was given additional funding 12800 acres of land per mile of track and 1648000 per mile of track Western resources and the mining industry After the Gold Rush entrepreneurs who had set out to find riches ended up becoming waste laborers for large mining corporations By the 18801890 5 large corporations and owners associations controlled the industry they repeatedly clashed with unions over wages and working conditions Coeurd Alene strike of 1892 occurred after miners in N Idaho formed a union to fight for a minimum wage of 350 per day Miners went on strike when mine owners used Pinkerton Spies and a lock out to try and crush the union They then replaced on strike workers with scabs strikebreakers this infuriated the on strike workers so they tried to use force to keep the strikebreakers from working The mining company then bribed the governor to declare martial law and send troops to break up the strike this shows the collusion between big businesses and government in suppressing labor activism after the Civil War New directions in Indian policy The end of sovereignty In 1830 Indian tribes were considered sovereign nations in 1870 they were wards of the state and in 1885 Indians became nationals people who had the duties of a citizen without any of the rights that come along with citizenship More and more of their land was taken as they were forced at gun point to move towards the reservations In 1890 a tribe of Indians began performing a spiritual ceremony the Ghost Dance at a creek called Wounded Knee This was seen as a threat and 200300 Native Americans were slaughtered by our troops Attempts at assimilation 18701950 s Native American children were renamed relocated and forced to practice white customs this proved to be psychologically damaging As for the adults they were required to register as individuals for allotments of land They were forced to register individually in an attempt to break up the communal aspect of their tribes The Dawes Act 1887 Tried to destroy tribal loyalties by placing registered Natives under the jurisdiction of state and territorial laws this Act also granted citizenship to anyone who rejected their tribes The system of allotting land was full of corruption White people could adopt Indian orphans and then take the land that would have been granted to the orphan there was also no effort to assist the Indians in their transition to homesteading What was even more corrupt was the way food rationing worked for the Natives Mercenaries would take the rations that the state gave the Native Americans and they sold them and then bought the poorest quality food they could find at the marketplace and then pocket the profits The poor quality food was then dispersed amongst the starving Indians Many Native Americans refused to homestead so the quotsurplusquot land that still belonged to them was being sold and between 18811900 they lost 23 of their land 155 million acres shrank to 78 million
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