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Week 1- A Dangerous New World, 1607-1689

by: Austin McManus

Week 1- A Dangerous New World, 1607-1689 HIST 370

Marketplace > George Mason University > History > HIST 370 > Week 1 A Dangerous New World 1607 1689
Austin McManus
GPA 3.78
War in American Society
Zayna Bizri

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About this Document

This week of notes focuses on how European colonization of North American in the 17th century was the jumping-off point for how what would become American society and the military intersected with ...
War in American Society
Zayna Bizri
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Austin McManus on Wednesday September 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 370 at George Mason University taught by Zayna Bizri in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 176 views. For similar materials see War in American Society in History at George Mason University.


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Date Created: 09/02/15
HIST 370 Notes Week 1 A Dangerous New World 16071689 A Early European Settlement Much of the motivation behind starting many of the European particularly English colonies in North America was of an economic forprofit tendency Companies such as the Virginia and Massachusetts Bay Company saw a new continent full of rich resources to exploit ie the settlement of Jamestown aimed to mine for gold to make profit for the Virginia Company Minimal con ict occurred during these early years of European settlement between Europeans and indigenous North Americans this was due much to the fact that the majority of settlers were single young men who needed little living space because their plans to be in North America were originally shortterm Treaties were in place during these early years were legal examples of this mutual cooperation and tolerance of one another there were still con icts obviously but they grew exponentially during the next century as European settlements expanded when female Europeans came over and the European population in North America increased B European Expansion As more and more Europeans came over to North America the economically motivated settlements were forced to mostly abandon their search for profit and needed to farm the land in order to feed their families and communities This results in the now colonists encroaching on the previously written up treaties with the Native Americans so they could expand their settlement borders to use the raw materials and resources in those Native American territories This European mantra of superiority over the Native Americans had to do with three aspects of indigenous societies 0 Europeans found indigenous agricultural techniques to be disrespectful to the land and so they wanted to take that land from them in order to show the way in which to farm properly 0 The Native American gender roles dictated that men hunt for food while women do the farming European traditional gender roles dictated that men farm while women take care of the home and children hunting was viewed as a sport for the upperclass in Europe thus European colonists were appalled at indigenous gender roles primarily because they viewed men as lazy and women lling an improper role 0 Finally Europeans viewed indigenous religions as the wrong method of worship resulting in the motivation to Christianize the Native Americans 0 On the whole Europeans saw their way of life as better and the Natives way of life inexcuseable The 17th century included numerous con icts between European colonists and Native Americans in which the Europeans at first utilized the style of warfare in which they knew lining up in organized ranks firing volleys from smoothbore muskets their central aim being to eliminate all of the opposing forces troops The Native American style of fighting was quite the polar opposite as their warriors were the hunters traders and artisans of their respective tribes and therefore the overall strategy of indigenous tribes was centered on keeping as many of their force as possible alive As a result Native Americans adopted guerrilla tactics that aimed to disturb their belligerents take whatever supplies they need and hide away in the terrain As the Europeans were used to the plains of Europe rather than the forests of North America they were not adept to applying regimental lines of troops and volley firing to this terrain Conversely Native Americans had never experienced gunpowder and firearms of the Europeans The responses by both parties set the stage for con ict during the 18th century with colonists and later the 19th century against the US government 0 The Native Americans established profitable relations with more friendly Europeans notably the French in order to gain access to Europeans goods and technology In the case of warfare they got their hands on smoothbore muskets and learned to use them in the context of their guerrilla tactics Having experience with bows and arrows Native Americans were able to use Europeans own weapons against them 0 In addition to not having access to professional soldiers back home due to the commencement of the Thirty Years War 16181648 colonists set up colonial militias to defend their settlements They partially applied the indigenous idea of the entire community defending their homes yet still wanted to fight warfare in European terms and struggled to adopt to the new terrain and countering guerrilla tactics of the Native Americans In addition to having new weapons and new ideas about fighting one another both Europeans and Native Americans recognized each other s political strife with other European colonists and indigenous tribes respectively and used that to their advantage by forming economic and political alliances to better engage in combat with their respective enemies


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