Chapter 1 Notes
Chapter 1 Notes COM 101H
Popular in Introduction to Communication
Popular in Journalism and Mass Communications
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aimee Kalczuk on Wednesday September 2, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to COM 101H at Central Michigan University taught by Papa, Wendy in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 95 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Communication in Journalism and Mass Communications at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 09/02/15
Chapter 1 An Introduction to Speaking and Relating in the Information Age Why should I even take communications You need communication skills in everyday life professionally communally and personally no matter what you re majoring in It helps one gain con dence in public and interpersonal communication and get one s point across clearly Learn different ways to communicate to different types of people and in different settings sometimes unfamiliar ones The Linear Model of communication Style of communication that one person presents to another individual Runs in one direction The source or speaker thinks of an idea he or she wants to convey and creates a message to give to another person The speaker encodes his or her idea which is translating the idea to words The speaker gives a message which is the main idea that the speaker wants to get across The message is conveyed through a channel which is the means of how the message gets to the other person The message gets to the receiver who is the person who gets the message Noise is anything that can disrupt the encoding of the message It can range from physical noise such as loud sounds and also psychological hindrances such as pain or strong emotions The Interactive Model of Communication A more complex system of communication that recognizes the message ows through both the communicator and the receiver While the linear model ends when the receiver gets and decodes the message the interactive model has the sender and the receiver both encoding and decoding the message The interactive model includes feedback which happens after the receiver has decoded the sender s message The receiver gives a reaction to the sender thus making the sender the new receiver and the old receiver the new sender Feedback can be verbal or nonverbal The environment can help or hinder the reception and decoding of the message It is not limited to the physical environment but can also include beliefs the time period the context of the situation and other nonphysical factors The Transactional Model of Communication Goes more in depth to communication and recognizes that communication is continuous and is not a backandforth system of messages and feedback For example a teacher may be explaining a math problem to a student and notices the student makes a confused expression The teacher then starts speaking more slowly and restating concepts The message from the original sender has not stopped it has simply altered during its encoding Speaking in the Information Age The information age is a time period in which communication technology and media come together and are deeply embedded in our everyday life The way that facetoface communication and technological conversation overlap is called convergence Convergence means that you can communicate to people at the same time over technology such as sending someone a text or instant message or you can wait for a response such as sending an email It also allows a person to communicate with people from other parts of the world whom they might not be able to communicate with otherwise The information age can also cause problems for people such as when Michael Richards racial slurs went viral and nearly ruined his career or how Mitt Romney s campaign was damaged due to his insensitive comments being portrayed on video A digital narrative is a form of communication in which someone tells a story or conveys a message but it is recorded instead of being said in real time An example of this would be a documentary Relating in the Information Age lntrapersonal communication is when a person communicates internally with his or her own self This is also sometimes called quotself talkquot It also includes our thought processes and reasoning Interpersonal communication is communication between a small group of other people ranging from one to six This communication can be facetoface or technologically Group communication is interactions between a small yet organized group of people Generally there is a goal in mind when communicating with this group Communication Competence Communication competence is communicating appropriately and effectively This means following social rules and achieving the goal of the conversation such as making a point or stating an argument People can be more competent in some kinds of communication than others For example someone may be a great public speaker but is unable to express themselves in smaller more intimate groups Another person may do very well in small groups but gets nervous in crowds and is unable to communicate competently A person is not necessarily always a competent or incompetent communicator Myths About Human Communication The more one communicates the better one becomes at communication Not necessarily true If someone does not know how to communicate competently and regularly communicates with poor skills they will not get better Communicating more with better skills makes a more competent speaker When people are in an interpersonal relationship neither should have to communicate needs and desires explicitly False Nobody can read minds and not stating your point risks the other person not decoding your message correctly Interpersonal group con ict is a problem Also untrue Solving a problem together and compromising can strengthen a relationship and bring people closer together Strong communicators are born not made Not true Anybody can become better at communicating by practicing the correct skills o The fear of public speaking is a problem False While it can cause a person to be unable to communicate competently managing the fear is bene cial and the nerves may even help a person perform better such as the anxiety a runner feels before a race
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