Week 1 Lecture Notes
Week 1 Lecture Notes HIST 100
Popular in History of Western Civilization
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cailyn Notetaker on Thursday September 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 100 at George Mason University taught by Scala in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 120 views. For similar materials see History of Western Civilization in History at George Mason University.
Reviews for Week 1 Lecture Notes
The content was detailed, clear, and very well organized. Will definitely be coming back to Cailyn for help in class!
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/03/15
Western Civilization Lecture Week 1 09012015 Primary source document or physical object created during the time under study 0 First hand accounts 0 No de nitive truth about the past 0 Historical knowledge gained by analyzing primary sources Secondary source documents written after an event has occurred 0 History textbooks Offer different perspectives analysis and conclusions The Roots of Western Civilization The Formation of Cities and the Emergence of Empires in the Ancient Near East 0 Characteristics of early civilization 0 O O O 0 Agricultural systems more stable food supplies Settled population not so migratory Social structures become more differentiated More elaborate political systems with rationale behind them usually involving religion System of written communication Taxation records etc Trade and commerce Creations of fundamental goods weaponry religious items etc Neolithic Revolution 100003000 BCE Transition period from pre history to history Begins in ancient Near East ends the Stone Age Transitions to a sedentary life permanent agricultural settlements Domestication of animals and plants Occupational and social differentiation Development of art and architecture O Towns and cities and more political associations The rise of Sumerian Civilization 3000 BCE 0 00000 0 First true cities in Sumer Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent Result of Neolithic Revolution Selfjustifying ruling class Link between religion polytheistic and politics Trade and handicrafts Warfare Large sale building projects Development of writing in ancient Mesopotamia O O O O O Pictographic to phonetic Sumerian cuneiform More efficient communication and trade In uences religious expression Important role in political administration and centralization The Akkadian Empire in Mesopotamia 23502160 BCE O 0000 First true empire Founded in Sargon by unifying multiple city states Political centralization Imperial organization Religious uniformity to ease political administration Creates control religionpolitics Hammurabi and the old Babylonia Empire 0 O O Hammurabi transforms weak kingdom to powerful empire through smarts and not force Religionpolitics Hammurabi s code for uniform administration and law 0 Example of imperial organization for future empires 0 Pharagonic Egypt 3100 BCE O O O O Centered on Nile River Centralized administration Pharaoh represented all of Egypt Served as a key player of universal order and harmony Differences and similarities between Egyptian and Sumerian civilizations o The Bronze Age 30001200 BCE O O O O o The Empire becomes dominant form of political organization New Kingdom Egypt and the Hittite Empire are major imperial powers Chariot warfare for military technology Development of international diplomacy and trade Realize that no one empire is going to have complete control Make relations with other empires Active trade developed Very reliant on other powerscan cause issues quotSea Peoplesquot and the Bronze Age collapse 1200 BCE Arc of destruction from north to south Other empires and kingdoms fall due to international diplomacy Trade dwindles Civilization reboot All progress made has to be recovered Coincides with start of Iron Age 1300600 BCE Take away points 0 Learn history by doing history 0 Civilization emerges with citystates and creation of empires in ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt 0 Development of international system in ancient Near East during the Late Bronze Age 0 Diplomacy international trade 0 The quotSea Peoplesquot and their destruction leads to the end of the Bronze Age and creates the start of the Iron Age and the rise of new empires 0 New empires learn from the past and do what worked and revise what didn t quotThe Book ofJeremiah Propheciesquot Brophy 96101 Tyrtaeus quotThe Spartan Creedquot Brophy 120121 quotThe Oracle of Trophonios at Lebadeiaquot httpwwwmircea eliadecomfromprimitivesto zen114html lsocrates quotPanegyricusquot Brophy 182187 Plutarch quotLife of Alexanderquot Brophy 187192
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'