Popular in PSYCHOLOGY OF PERSONALITY
Popular in Psychlogy
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Arielle Reiner on Thursday September 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 160.0 at University of Pittsburgh taught by Lausberg,Cynthia in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see PSYCHOLOGY OF PERSONALITY in Psychlogy at University of Pittsburgh.
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Date Created: 09/03/15
Research 09032015 De ne measureassess predict apply Operational de nition 0 Being speci c in what is being measured and how it is being measured LOTS of data 0 L 0 O O 0000 OO O O 0 Life record Observer Look for observer bias Test Obtained from experimental procedures Objective data People often give different information about themselves self reported data that is false compared to what the test data shows Self report Questionnaires People know more about themselves than other people know about them Possibility of bias People can be unaware or forgetful of their own psychological processes Sources of data 0 Measures 0 Nomothetic 0 Fixed or standardized 0 Objective 0 Used most often to describe a population ldiographic 0 Flexible 0 Personal 0 Shows more individual and distinct qualities about the individual Eg Fill in the blank or short answer questions or interview Assessment tools 0 Items tests measures instruments observations interviews etc 0 Theory will guide the choice of data when it is collected and what parts of the personality are most important 0 Assessment testing is always imperfect Targets 0 Areas of interest of assessment 0 Average behavior 0 Variability in behavior 0 Conscious thought Cognitive theorists o Unconscious thought Psychoanalytic theorists o Validity 0 Does it measure what it says it measures 0 Face Appears on the surface that the measurement tool measures what it says it measures not suf cient 0 Construct How do we know that a test is actually measuring what it says it is measuring theoretical abstraction Does the test measure the concept o Predictive Do the results accurately predict something that happens after 0 Discriminant Shows clear difference between results and what it is and what it isn t Reliability 0 Does it get consistent results Causality 0 Measures a quality that already exists 0 How variations in that quality cause an in uence in the outcome ReHathy 0 Internal consistency 0 Different items of the inventory and see how they correlate with each other 0 Internal because it is in the test itself Split half odd amp even 0 Compare responses from half the inventory to the other half and see if there is consistency because sometimes people get unmotivated or distracted Alternative forms 0 Use the same types of questions that are similar but not the same and compare responses Test retest 0 Give inventory multiple times at different times and compare results 0 Watch for practice effect Inter rater o 2 raters recording own responses to same inventory and how similar are their responses MUST HAVE RELIABILITY TO HAVE VALIDITY VALIDITY IS NOT SUFFICIENT TO HAVE RELIABILITY Response sets 0 Non content responding 0 Not making sense or relating to what is being asked Acquiescence yay say 0 Respond by saying yes to everything 0 Extreme responding o All responses on an extreme either only yesno or both 0 Social desirability 0 Good impression 0 Good citizen 0 Use a forced choice format 0 Avoid yes or no questions Research design 0 Case study 0 Intensive exploration into a single individual 0 Provides information for asking research questions 0 Not arti cial Correlational 0 Examine relation among variables 0 Does not imply causation 0 Typically rely on self report data 0 Experimental 0 Independentmanipulated variable by researcher affects the dependent variable Personality assessment in clinical practice 0 Initial interviewassessment o Ongoing sessions 0 May include testing Minnesota Multi phasic personality inventory MMPl2 567 truefalse statements 0 Research diagnosis clinical use 0 Clinical scales amp validity scales
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