Geography Notes Unit 1
Geography Notes Unit 1 GEOG 131 - 001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Gabriela VandenHeuvel on Thursday September 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 131 - 001 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Kelsey Nicole Ellis in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 157 views. For similar materials see Weather/Climate/Climate Chg in Geography at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 09/03/15
Geography Class Notes 81915 What Do You Think Geographers Study 0 Natural hazards Topography of land Rivers and distribution of water Weather Ocean currents Type of climate Type of soil Abundance and types of plants and animals Human activities What is Physical Geography 0 Spatial distribution of phenomena across the landscape processes that created and changed those distributions and implications for those distributions of people I Complex issues interconnections geographic perspective How Do We Investigate Geographic Questions QUESTION CONCEPT METHOD environment environment How didit get there in its form Impacts on other aspects ofthe natural and human environment What is the signi cance Steps in Investigation 0 Observation 0 Questions from observation 0 Proposed explanations 0 Collect data to test predictions 0 Conclusion Conveying Location with Latitude and Longitude 0 Parallels and Meridians I Parallels concentric circles parallel equal distances different lengths I Meridians pole to pole not parallel converge at poles 0 Great and Small Circles I Great Circle made by plane passing through center of sphere divides into two hemispheres I Small Circle made by plane NOT through center 0 Are parallels or meridians great circles I PARALLELS o Latitude angle from equator 1 69 miles I 0 at equator 90 at pole negative in Southern Hemisphere North Pole 9039Nl Parallels 1 Equatorial Parallel o Longitude angle from Prime Meridian Greenwich England I 0 at Prime Meridian increases to east and west 180 at or no w lS39W 13039 MM J I0 E till V 7 F3 3 How Do We Use Maps 0 Recording analyzing and or interpreting 0 Map Scales I Can represent scale with ratio of distance on a map to same distance on ground representative fraction I Maps that show larger areas have smaller representative fraction How Do We Use Global Positioning Systems and Remote Sensing 0 GPS I Provides accurate location info to help define spatial relationships 24 satellites on 6 different planes maintained by US government Distance from multiple satellites tells location Handheld GPS for use during field work Differential GPS DGPS more precise surveys land surface changes 0 Remote Sensing Collects data or images from a distance Passive Systems measure energy being naturally emitted heat light etc Active Systems direct a beam of energy and measure amount in return How Do We Use GIS to explore spatial issues 0 Geographic information systems different information represented as a date layers 0 Spatial Problem Solving Analyze spatial distributions and their implications Calculations on lines and polygons Spatial interpolation to deal with data that are not spatially continuous Geographers use the many techniques presented to solve problems that are important to people and the environment Clustered Random Regular
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