week 2 notes chapters 3-4 - CJ 220
week 2 notes chapters 3-4 - CJ 220 CJ 220
Popular in Law Enforcement
Popular in Criminal Justice
This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Helen Hardin on Thursday September 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 220 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Edmund Sexton in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 156 views. For similar materials see Law Enforcement in Criminal Justice at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
Reviews for week 2 notes chapters 3-4 - CJ 220
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 09/03/15
CJ 220 Law Enforcement Professor Edmund Sexton WEEK 2 NOTES CHAPTER 3 On Patrol Methods and Menaces Kansas City Preventive Patrol Experiment 0 Study of patrol efficiency 0 Looked at 3 patrol techniques 0 No preventive patrol 0 Increased patrol O Usual level of service 0 Study challenged assumptions about patrol Team Policing 0 Key differences from conventional patrol 0 Permanent team assignment to neighborhood 0 Officers tended to be generalists I Investigate crimes and attend to all problems in their area 0 Maximized communication coordination Other Attempts to Increase Patrol Productivity 0 Directed patrol O Spitforce patrol O Renewed interest Response Time 0 Key assumption police response time affected ability to arrest perpetrators 0 Kansas City Study 1977 found response time was unrelated to the probability of making an arrest or locating witnesses 0 Major determining factor 0 The time it takes to report the crime Purpose and Nature of Patrol 0 Officers today engage in problem solving activities and random preventive patrol when not handling calls for service 0 Patrol officer deployment needs to consider wherewhen crimes occure Patrol Work as a Function of Shift Assignment 0 Day Shift 8am4pm 0 Greatest contact with citizens 0 Most errandsnon police duties 0 Most major crimes 0 SwingEvening Shift 4pm12pm In uence of Assigned Beat 0 Beats vary in terms of structure and demographic character 0 cops rules of the beat culture I don t get in another officer s sector I don t leave work for the next duty shift I don t slack off Occupational Hazards of Patrol 0 officers never know if citizens they confront are armed high plan suicide by cop etc 0 recent spike in fatal ambushes of officers Suicide by Cop O Extent of phenomenon unknown 0 Lack of clear definition and established reporting principles 0 Immediate move to mental health arena HR 218 0 Law Enforcement Officers Safety Act of 2004 O Exempts qualified police officers from state laws prohibiting the carrying of concealed weapons 0 Allows retired officers with at least 15 years of service to carry a firearm Rolling Office 0 Patrol vehicle as sanctuary 0 Contains vital equipment 0 Symbol of authority Discretionary Use of Police Authority 0 Myth of full enforcement 0 Do not have the resources or desire to enforce all laws 0 Not all laws are enforced impartially 0 Political and legal reasons for denying the use of discretion Cannot have patrol without the discretionary use of police authority 0 Criminal law has 2 sides 0 The formality I Found in statute book 0 The reality 0 Many factors in uence officers decision to take stern approach or be lenient 0 Law 0 O O Officer s attitude 0 Citizen s attitude 0 Citizen s social class sex age race etc Possible discriminations CHAPTER 4 Community Oriented Policing and Problem Solving Traditional Policing 0 00000000 Police are a government agency responsible for law enforcement Focuses on solving crime Efficiency is measured by detection and arrest rates Highest priorities are crimes that are high value Violence Police deal With incidents Effectiveness is determined by response time Crime intelligence is most important Headquarters provides the necessary rules and policy directives Prosecutions are an important goal Community Policing 0 0000000 Police are the public Role is to take a broader problem solving approach Efficiency is measured by absence of crime and disorder Highest priorities are Whatever is disturbing the community most Police deal With citizen s problems and concerns Effectiveness determined by public cooperation Headquarters preach organizational values Prosecutions are one tool among many Problem Solving Process SARA Scanning Analysis Response Assessment 0 0 Scanning 0 Problem identification 0 Officers look for a pattern 0 Incidents may be similar in various ways I Behaviors I Locations I People I Time I Events 0 Purpose is to conduct a preliminary inquiry to determine Whether a problem exists or not Analysis 0 Heat of problem solving 0 Crime analysis has been effective 0 Several methods I The problem analysis triangle O Offender victim place I Mapping and offense reports 0 Computerized crime mapping that assists With crime analysis Community Surveys 0 Not to be overlooked in analysis Principle Components of Implementation 0 Leadership and Administration 0 Must adopt four practices as part of plan 1 Communicate to all department members the vital role of community policing 2 Provide incentives to members to engage in community policing 3 Reduce the barriers to community policing 4 Show officers how to address problems 0 Human resources 0 Field operations 0 External relations CompStat 0 New crime management tool used in problem solving process 0 Comparative or computer statistics 0 Designed for the collection and feedback of information on crime and rlated quality of life issues Revolutionizing strategy 0 Key elements Specific objectives Accurate and timely intelligence Effective tactics Rapid deployment of personnel and resources Relentless follow up and assessment 0 00000 Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design 0 CPTED 0 Proper design and effective use of the environment that can lead to a reduction in the fear and incidence of crime and an improvement in life 0 Three principles 1 Natural access control 2 Natural surveillance 3 Territorial reinforcement a Crimeanalysis information b Demographics 0 Land use information d Observations e Resident information Smart Policing 0 Emerging paradigm O Emphasized the use of data and analytics Intelligence Led Policing O Originated in Great Britain 0 They believed a small percentage of people were responsible for a large amount of crime 0 Levels of intelligence 0 Level 1 highest level agencies produce tactical and strategic intelligence products that benefit their own department as well as other agencies 0 Level 2 includes police agencies that produce tactical and strategic intelligence for internal consumption 0 Level 3 most common level includes law enforcement agencies with anywhere from dozens to hundreds of sown employees 0 Level 4 comprises most agencies in the US Predictive Policing 0 Systematic knowledge of where crimes will occur 0 Approaches such as crime analysis technology intelligence led policing and more forward thinking