Week 3 ANT 102
Popular in Human Origins
Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kelsey Gaudette on Thursday September 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANT 102 at Illinois State University taught by Fred Smith in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 143 views. For similar materials see Human Origins in anthropology, evolution, sphr at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 09/03/15
Anthropology 102Week 3 Hardy Weinberg Equilibrium A Population genetics 1 2 Tracing between generational frequencies of traits Objective detecting change B If there is no deviation from the norm or what39s expected then it39s hardy Weinberg equilibrium C Balanced polymorphism Blood type A Life in the US 1 2 In the US we don39t live in the quotnatural worldquot We aren39t meant to be well fed we re meant to be huntergatherers B Red blood cells transport oxygen and the immune system 1 2 Nonrandom worldwide distribution Histocompatibility problems i Blood transfusions ii A and B are not compatible iii May interfere with pregnancies if blood types of mates differ Differential susceptibility to particular diseases i Depending on blood type you could be more susceptible to different diseases ii 0 vulnerable to plague cholera tuberculosis mumps peptic ulcers leprosy in uenza A2 iii A vulnerable to small pox stomach cancer pernicious anemia bronchial pneumonia syphilis esophageal cancer iv B vulnerable to streptococcus pneumonia gonorrhea tuberculosis e coli typhoid fever scarlet fever v AB vulnerable to salmonella small pox lepromatous leprosy e coli vi Some portion of the population will survive during an epidemic because of blood type Cosmology A Through what lens do you perceive the world 1 Nonreligious i Humanismnaturalism ii Agnostic atheism NonChristian i Buddhism Taoism shinduism ii Reincarnation iii Native Americans humans equal to or lesser than animals because we lack survival skills that animals have Judeochristian i Bible is the guide to life spiritual truths through parables and metaphors ii lnerrant word of God fundamentalist everything in the bible is true B Observation 1 Perceiving i How you see it philosophy 2 Documenting i Science is about documenting and quantifying the tangible C Science 1 A way of knowing 2 Operating under strict rules i Based on quanti able and repeated observations ii Must not depend on quototherworldlyquot explanations to be valid must be refutable 3 Observation of atheists and Christians i Atheism science disproves God ii Christian science reveals God39s handiwork iii Christian fundamentalist science that con icts with Biblical inerrancy must be wrong 4 Tower of Babel i Humans are full of themselves ii Humans try to build a tower up to heaven but God makes them all speak different languages so they can39t understand each other 5 Theory conclusion drawn based on overwhelming and irrefutable evidence 6 Evolution is quotjust a theoryquot i Implied it is a cosmology lens through which the world is viewed ii Evolution is actually a speci c process exclusively associated with life but not about the origin of life lV Evolution A Evolution is the process by which living populations adapt to an ever changing physical environment 1 The changes occur in the genetic information inherited by succeeding generations 2 It39s an observable phenomenon both short term microevolution and long term macroevolution B Strawman argument a common type of argument based on the misinterpretation of an opponent39s argument 1 quotif evolution is true show me how crocodiles evolve into ducksquot i That39s not natural selction ii Presumes general public thinks this is evolution Evolution is a religion I Religion is an organized collection of beliefs cultural systems and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence ii If evolution is a religion then its tenets are faith based and not to be believed Quoting an opponent39s words out of context Presenting someone who defends a position poorly as the defender then denyinkg that person s argument giving the appearance that every upholder of that position has been defeated Inventing a ctitious persona with actions or beliefs which are then criticized implying that the person represents a group of whom the speaker is critical i Oversimplifying an opponent39s argument then attacking the oversimpli ed version Do you believe in evolution i This question implies that evolution is faithbased and forces you to choose one or the other evolution or God ii Same as asking do you believe in digestion Do you believe in electricity Lenses i Biblical inerrancy the process of evolution is a direct contradiction of the bible ii Bible is a book of spiritual truths the process of evolution is God39s creation tool iii Atheist evolution proves there is no creator Evolution is mechanistic and directionless is a strawman i Implies humans have no purpose no moral compass accept their animal nature ii 2nCI law of thermodynamics and entropy Entropy I In physics a thermodynamic quantity representing the unavailability of a systems thermal energy for conversion into mechanical work often interpreted as the degree of disorder or randomness in the system ii Lack of order or predictability gradual decline into disorder C Closer look at Atheist lens 1 Evolution disproves God i Cant demonstrate the nonexistence of something invisible or spiritual ii Evolution is an explanation of how all life interacts with the environment iii How does a change in gene frequency over time disprove God D Closer look at Theistic lens 1 2 Over time populations genetically adapt to the shifts in climate Evolution is the tool God used to create ife E Closer look at Christian lens 1 2 God who personally intervenes in life of believers He rewards the faithful and punishes the transgressors Biblical inerrancy the process of Evolution is a direct contradiction of the Bible i Evolution must be wrong ii Evolution must be shown to be wrong
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