Interpersonal Communication Comm 1500
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ashleigh Notetaker on Thursday September 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Comm 1500 at University of Georgia taught by Kristin Andersen in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Interpersonal Communication in Language at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/03/15
Comm 08252015 How do you define communication 0 Verbalnonverbal interaction exchange of information between 2 parties shared understanding m o Nonverbal body language eye contact M shoulders direction crossing arms closed off 0 Physical interactions perception o What is communication A process that consists of messagessymbols that are transported between communicators Message and symbols are most important Occurs in a variety of situations or contexts variety of channels and tools social media Interpersonal Comm 0 Dynamic form of communication between 2 or more people in which the messages exchanged significantly influence thoughts emotions behaviors and overall relationships 0 Everything we do effects everything around us 0 Hard to control everything 0 What is IPC o Interpersonal Ithou way of relatingdeepening relationships lots of cognitive energy 0 Impersonal IIt when we regard people as objects not as people treat them in their role one thing 0 Middle IYou occurs when we recognize the other as a person and treat herhim based upon a social role sheshe occupies See them as a person but still only in that role Ex seeing a teacher as a teacher not asking too much personal info 0 Principles of IPC 0 It s unavoidable Cannot NOT communicate Can be intentionalunintentional lt s irreversible Once you say it it s said can t take it back can t go back Why do we apologize U Skew perception lt s unrepeatable and DYNAMIC Always changingdifferent mood view etc Cant redo a situation again IPC relates both context and relationship info Content meaning of the wordssymbols in the message what it SAYS Relationship info consists of how the symbols relate your perception of the relationship status power etc It s primarily dyadic Primacy in a group will break down into 2 people Coalition group project form to achieve mutual goal Consciousness relationship has it s own identity n Act as one unit and relationship is one thing Develops and sustains relationships a Natural for us to want to bond with others It s learned Desireneed to communicate is innate Effectiveness and competence is learned through trial and errorwatching others 0 It s governed Rules are prescriptions for behavior Rules have sanctions if violated u If broken there are consequences n Ex some body language you avoid and personal space especially US culture Comm process models 0 Three ways of explaining communication process 0 Linear Information flows in one direction from a starting point to an end point Starterreceiver messaged communicated through various channelsnoise n Noise disruption during transmission 0 Interactive Communication is happening simultaneously all the time Communication as a process involving senders and receivers feedback 0 Transactional Communication is happening simultaneously all the time Each person equally influences the communication of the behavior of one another Body language says more than words Gage behavior of others when talking Field of experience bringing all of our own baggageexperience to conversations on both sides o Interference noise 0 Physical external to communicators Fire alarm going off during a lecture Massive sunglasses eye contact 0 Physiological internal to communicators but mostly of the body Hunger lose focushangry Pain in the body bug bites o Psychological internal but about the mindcognitive process Thinkingrumination reflecting on something over and over Stressing about the next class 0 Semantic interference with the language itself Dialect actual language accent slang What is interpersonal comm Selfpresentation desires to present ourselves in particular ways show a certain self 0 Instrumentaltask practical goals we want to achieve begged a friend for a favor o Relational building maintaining and ending bonds with others starting a relationshipconversation Interpersonal needs theory 0 Affection feeling loved and displaying forms of intimacy to others 0 Inclusion feeling the need to belong to a group group affiliation be in company of other people 0 Control perception and ability to cope with situations and to influence events and people I can handle this Interpersonal comm Competence 0 Coming in ways that are 0 Appropriate follow accepted norms 0 Effective ability to achieve goals 0 Ethical treats people fairly 0 Motivation knowledge skill Goals 0 Relational Selfpresentation Instrumental a task Big Bang Theory 0 Leonard presenting himself to Penny and building a relationship 0 Instrumental goal of getting Sheldon was polite still relational Sheldon instrumental in presenting the Doppler effect costume The components of self 0 Self an evolving composite of three components 0 Selfconcept The relatively xed overall perception of who you are El El El El Based on beliefs attitudes and values Emerges through interactions with others Learned from others changed based on reactions We like people to match the way we view ourselves O O Selfawareness Step outside yourself and re ect on your thoughts feelings and behavior through communication with others Selfesteem The overall positivenegative value that we assign ourselves 0 Direct de nition 0 0 Communication that tells us explicitly who we are by directly labeling us and our behaviors Who are Who are we expected to be Ex quotyou re an older sisterquot Sometimes you don t realize it How gender plays a role things are implied Looking glassself O O O O 0 De ning selfconcepts through thinking about how others see us mirror Person doesn t need to say anything taking the view of others quotI think they think this of mequot When you park like shit and think quotpeople must think I m a bad driverquot We never actually know We adjust behavior accordingly Selfconcept is strongly in uenced by emotional responses to your lookingglass self Social comparison looking at others and judging then acting accordinglywe match it or adjust Selfre ection 0 List of identities which are most important Which affect your behavior Depends on when it s activated o What kind of labels are used to describe you by others The sources of self 0 Gender and self 0 Gender composite of social psychological and cultural attributes that characterize us as male or female Man U Emotionally strong physically strong sports self sufficient competitive money maker resourceful head of family Woman I Makeup nurturing helper higher moral standards emotional has to be presentable Men and women do the same things now Messages we receive can affect how we see ourselves don t always t the mold 0 Family and self 0 Views of self 0 Attachment styles 0 Started with childcaregiver bond how does it affect your romantic relationships 0 Used to measure only anxiety and avoidance neither is secure 0 Secure attachment Individuals are low on anxiety and avoidance They re comfortable with intimacy and seek close ties with others Caregiver responds in a consistently attentive and loving way to the child Positive selfworth More outgoing and affectionate in relationships When faced with disappointments in life doesn t negatively affect their selfesteem a Don t depend on relationships on selfworth o Preoccupied anxious ambivalent attachment High anxiety and low avoidance Desire closeness but are plagued with fear of rejection Most complex and is fostered by inconsistent treatment from the caregiver Some days warmsupportive then it switches to something more negative I YOU might mess things up makes you inconsistant o Dismissive attachment Low anxiety but high avoidance View close relationships are comparatively unimportant instead prioritizing selfreliance Caregivers are dismissive rejecting or abusive toward children Others aren t worthy of my lovetimeattention self reliant hasty exits o Fearful attachment High in attachment anxiety and avoidance They fear rejection and tend to shun relationships preferring to avoid the pain they believe is an inevitable part of intimacy Caregiver in the rst bond communicates negative rejecting or even abusive ways to the child Want to be in a close bond but they re afraid of getting hurt Feel they re unworthy of love and that others are not loving Tend to feel less hope disclose less and experience less satisfaction in relationships Selfdisclosure The Rationalself Selfre ection o How much does the person closest to in your life know about you How much do you know about them 0 How connected are you Selfdisclosure o Revealing private information voluntarily about self to others Increases intimacy between partners psychological closeness Varies greatly across cultures Happens more quickly onlineCMC Social penetration theory 0 Closeness through selfdisclosure Onion analogy layers a Peripheral layers super cial information information we wouldn t mind telling anyone a Intermediate layers may not tell someone right away drinking religion family issues a Central layers most personalintimate information 0 Biggest fears Personal issues 0 Few people get to this level of information Increase in breadth and or dept u some people know a lot about segment of your life don t know daily activities however 0 academic advisor talk about career goals classes etc consequences of disclosures o potentially positive for self a catharsis mental health if we don t let go we get stressed n improved physical health in relationships a relational initiation forges the bond a relational maintenance show you re still there for that person a escalating the relationship 0 potentially negative possible hurt and rejection increased con ict personal acknowledgment increased relational obligation some people can t handle it