Week 1 Health Psychology
Week 1 Health Psychology CRIJ 1310
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Janette Torres on Thursday September 3, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to CRIJ 1310 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Abdollahy Zarandi, Abdolhossein in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 193 views. For similar materials see Fundamentals of Criminal Law in Psychlogy at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 09/03/15
PSYC 3350 Health Psychology Professor Abdolhossein Abdollahy Zarandi Week 1 Day 2 Chapter 1 studies psychological in uences on people and how they stay healthy how they become ill and how they respond when they get ill complete state of physical mental and social wellbeing O ideal state of health Focus of Health Psychologists Health promotion and maintenance Prevention and treatment of illness Improvement of health care system and the formulation of health policy origins or causes of illness and correlates of health illness and dysfunction The MindBody Relationship amp it s History disease was considered to be the result of evil spirits entering the body the circulating uids of the body were out of balance 0 Personality types based on humors Blood Passionate temperament Black Bile Sadness Yellow bile angry disposition Phlegm laid back approach to life God s punishment technical bases of medicine are understood 0 Dependent on laboratory findings and looked to bodily factors 0 Diagnosis organic and cellular pathology The which has been used for the past 300 years maintains that all illness can be explained on the basis of aberrant somatic bodily processes such as biochemical imbalances or neurophysiological abnormalities It assumes that psychological and social processes are irrelevant to the disease process The Biomedical Model Why is it Illsuited to Understanding Illness Table 11 Reduces illness to lowlevel processes such as disordered cells and chemical imbalances Fails to recognize social and psychological processes as powerful in uences over bodily estates assumes a mindbody dualism Emphasizes illness over health rather than focusing on behaviors to promote health Model cannot address many puzzles that face practitioners Why for example if six people are exposed to a u virus do only three develop the u PSYC 3350 Health Psychology Professor Abdolhossein Abdollahy Zarandi Conversion Hysteria Specific unconscious con icts produce physical disturbances symbolizing repressed psychological con icts Conceptualized by Sigmund Freud Gave rise to psychosomatic medicine Specific illness are produced by people s internal con icts Perpetuated in the work of Dunbar and Alexander 0 Linked patterns of personality to specific illnesses Criticism Con ict or personality type is not sufficient to produce illness Biopsychosocial Model Health and illness are consequences of the interplay of biological psychological and social factors Advantages Maintains the macrolevel and microlevel processes continually interact to in uence health and illness 0 Emphasizes both health and illness Clinical implications of the Biopsychosocial Model Processes of diagnosis can benefit from understanding the interacting role of biologival psychological and social factors Significance of the relationship between patient and practitioner is made clear which improves use of services efficacy of treatment and rapidity with which illness is resolved The Case History of Nightmare Deaths Purpose to see how completely the mind and body are intertwined in health Sudden nocturnal deaths among male refugees from southeast asia after the Vietnam war 0 Occurred in the first few hours of sleep 0 Autopsies did not revealed a specific cause of death Reasons genetic susceptibility Victims were overwhelmed by cultural differences language barriers difficulties finding satisfactory jobs Immediate trigger provided by either a family argument violent television show or frightening dreams Need for Health Psychology Increase in chronic or lifestyle related illnesses O tuberculosis pneumonia and other infectious diseases 0 heart diseases cancer and respiratory diseases Advances in technology and research PSYC 3350 Health Psychology Professor Abdolhossein Abdollahy Zarandi Expanded healthcare services increased medical acceptance Theory Set of analytic statements that explain a set of phenomena Advantages 0 Provide guidelines for how to do research and interventions 0 Generate specific predictions that can be tested and modified 0 Help tie together loose ends two or more different conditions are created to which people are assigned randomly and their reactions are measured conducted to evaluate treatments or interventions and their effectiveness over time 0 medical interventions go through rigorous testing and evaluations of their benefits before they become the standard of care Correlational Studies measures whether a change in one variable corresponds with changes in another variable Disadvantage difficult to determine the direction of causality without mistake Advantage over experiments because it is more adaptable looks forward in time to see how groups of people change and the relationship between 2 variables changes over time Conducted to understand the risk factors that relate to health conditions same people are observed at multiple points in time Retrospective Designs Looks backward in time in an attempt to reconstruct the conditions that led to a current situation Were critical in identifying the risk factors that led to the development of AIDS Role of Epidemiology in Health Psychology study of the frequency distribution and causes of infectious and noninfectious disease in a population number of cases of a disease that exist at some given point in time numbers of deaths due to particular causes Methodological Tools Tools of neuroscience Functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI permits glimpses into the brain PSYC 3350 Health Psychology Professor Abdolhossein Abdollahy Zarandi 0 Has helped to improve the knowledge of the autonomic neuroendocrine and immune systems Mobile and Wireless technologies Ecological momentary interventions Ambulatory blood pressure monitoring deVices Metaanalysis Combines results from different studies to identify how strong the eVidence is for particular research findings