Drugs of Abuse and Behavior - Week Two Notes
Drugs of Abuse and Behavior - Week Two Notes PSYC 3346
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Cristina Saiz on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 3346 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Dr. Adolfo J. Alvarez in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 57 views. For similar materials see Drugs of Abuse and Behavior in Psychlogy at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 09/04/15
Week Two Drugs of Abuse and Behavior I Diagnostic Criteria Use of the DSM Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders II Mental Disorder Psychological syndrome group of symptoms associated with clinically significant disturbance in Cognition Emotion regulation or Behaviors Usually associated with significant Distress or disabiity in Social occupational other important activities such as school III Substance Related amp Addictive Disorders gambling is included as an addictive disorder IV Substance S Related Disorders D Substance Induced Disorder Substance Use Disorders 1 Substance induced intoxication 1 Alcohol 2 Substance withdrawal disorder 2 Cannabis 3 Substance induced mental disorder 3 Hallucinogens Example if a person takes cocaine they ll 4 Inhalants experience the good symptoms but can also 5 Opioids experience paranoia 6 Sedatives Hypnotics or Anxiolytics 7 Stimulants 8 Tobacco 9 Other or uknown substances such as steroids or antihistamines No category for addiction to caffeine in the DSM although you can get withdrawal symptoms like headaches from not getting your daily intake of caffeine or coffee DSM IV had two disorders for substance use Substance Abuse amp Substance Dependence but the DSM 5 no longer uses those two disorders as they both fall under the same category now Substance Use Disorders V Substance Use Disorder DSM 5 Substance Abuse DSM IV Criteria Substance Dependence DSM IV Criteria 1 Major obligations unmet 2 Physically hazardous situations such as driving under the influence 3 Social problems such as marital conflicts fights with coworkers 4 Tolerance when a person needs more of the drug to attain the desired effect 5 Withdrawal physical cold amp clammy skin diarrhea or psychological thinking of using the drug 6 Amount or duration 7 Unsuccessful efforts Example Telling yourself I ll just have two beers but then end up having more than just two 8 Significant time trying to get the drug consuming the drug recuperating from the drug 9 Important activities unmet Such as social gatherings 10 Use despite problems such as continuing to smoke when a person has lung cancer 11 Cravings if it interferes with concentration it is considered a craving In order to be diaqnosed as havinq a substance use disorder 1 Must have two or more of the 11 symptoms 2 Within a 12 month period 3 With clinically important impairment or distress 4 And must have been repetitive during that 12 month period Severity of Substance Use Disorder Severity is considered mild when person has 23 symptoms Severity is considered moderate when person has 45 symptoms Severity is considered severe when person has 611 of these symptoms For class we will refer to someone as an addict when they display SEVERE substance use disorder
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