Psy2070 Wk. Two
Psy2070 Wk. Two Psych 2070
Popular in Intro to Human Sexuality
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alma G on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 2070 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Swartout in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see Intro to Human Sexuality in Psychlogy at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 09/04/15
2070 Week Two Lecture Notes Lecture Notes Additional Notes Theories 0 Psychoanalytic Theory Freud O Sigmund Freud one of the first people to try to understand an ignored topic I Two drives I Libido sexual energy I Thanatos aggression I Components of personality 0 Id pleasure center developed as an infant and constantly want pleasure unconscious 0 Ego realism the realization that pleasures will not always be satisfied 0 Balances the id and superego I Superego socialparental values will want to be the way society and family wants you to be feelings of guilt 0 Controversy I Psychosexual development 0 Erogenous zones fixation pleasure points all over the body and without satisfaction can lead to problems in adulthood 0 Oral stage where infants have pleasure from their mouths I Fixation drinking smoking etc 0 Anal stage 2 yrs potty training time when learning to control bodily functions I Fixation uptight stubborn personality 0 Phallic Oedipus and Electra stage 35 yrs where get pleasure with genitals I Oedipus Complex boys love mothers I Electra girls love fathers O Latency stage where children hang out with the same age children 0 Genital pubertygtchildren want and seek pleasure form opposite sex I Social Context it was an ignored topic and strange to talk about children and pleasure in a sexual manner I Methodological issues Freud believed that everything was unconscious and hard to study therefore no empirical support for theory 0 Behaviorism Skinner 0 Observe and measure to understand behavior Classical and operant conditioning I Classical Pavlov s dogs pairing stimuli I Operant reinforcements and punishments Behavior Modification to make changes in behavior could use conditionings Aversion Theory punish strange pleasures and reinforce normal standards with rewards Social Learning Theory B andura O O Grew from behaviorism includes thoughts and feelings I Have to look at the behaviors externally and also the feelings internally Modeling I Imitation and identification 0 Follow models and see the rewards and punishments of the behaviors they commit Cognitive Theory 0 O 0 How we process information individual process Personalitybehavior how we perceive and conceptualize the world Brain biggest sexual organ not a behavioral problem only the perception Humanistic Theory 0 Selfactualization fulfilling potential as human beings with unconditional love will allow us to better ourselves Unconditional Positive Regard will be loved no matter what happens I Parents should have unconditional positive regard for children Conditional reward when happy punish when angry showing there is no love when parents are stresses bad for children I Kids suppress ignore parts that parents do not like 0 Drive things that make us feel good Biological Theory 0 Sexuality biological process not a social psychological issue 0 I Problems are physiological nothing deals with the behavior Interventions medicine or surgery ways to fix problems Evolutionary Theory 0 O O O Focuses on species overtime not bases on the individuals What maximizes chances of passing on genes Sexuality is about reproduction Orgasm as evolutionary mechanism I The pleasure will allow intercourse to occur more often to allow the female to reproduce more Sociology Theory 0 0 Interested on how society in uences sexual behavior I Different across cultures because biology is same in humans Mangaia of South Pacific v Inis Beag of Ireland I South Pacific orgasms were taught at a young age as sexuality was encouraged I Ireland sexuality was discouraged because it was a taboo solely for reproductive purposes 0 Interested of social forces help determine what is right and wrong I right and wrong varies in different context of cultures 0 Family religion economy medicine law TV music etc 0 All of these in uence sexuality 0 Feminist Theory 0 Society in uences understanding of sexuality I White male heterosexual power structure in many cultures I Can define and shape in uence of sexuality 0 Men sexuality value more than women sexuality I Based on male power over females patriarchy I Keeps females submissive porn rape sexual abuse existence I real sex penis in vagina if there is no penis involved then it is not real sex I Queer Theory 0 Interested in spectrum of gender sex and sexuality I Consider that there are a varieties of bodies and experiences I Rejects idea that sex is only one way 0 Abandon categories I Culturally constructed and limited either body is wrong because it won t fit into a single category 0 Interested in complete overhaul of understanding I Want to abolish system and rid of traditional view of sexuality because unfair to some people and their experiences Research on Sexualitv 0 Early Sex Research 0 Physicians as sex researchers first researchers because they were experts in biology therefore believe that they were better at topic on sex 0 Moved to United States in 1920s encouraged by Social Hygiene Movement began in Europe IMost physicians researchers were men and on the male perspective 0 Limited funding for research uctuated with politics 0 Recent Sexuality Research 0 Late 1980s early 1990s increase in sexuality research IIn conjunction with AIDS IResearch on erectile dysfunctionfor male health 0 Primarily problemdriven research not healthy research IResearch because people were not healthy with their sexual life 0 Multiple discipline studying sex fragmented research psychological research will not be seen by medical 0 Problems and Issues in Sex Research methods 0 Ethical Issues IInformed consent and confidentiality 0 Concerned on protecting people s rights therefore difficult to get certain information 0 Volunteer Bias Difference between volunteers and nonvolunteers poor generalizability 0 Might be more open to open up with information which can lead to generalizing inaccurate data 0 Sampling Problems Convenience samples 0 Ex college students were in the local area providing more liberal information than if parents were giving information Random samples more difficult to get since expensive and time consuming 0 Reliability Changes over time and memory issues 0 People might give dishonest information 0 Can give false memories of when they first experienced something 0 Sexuality Research in the States 0 Alfred Kinsey18941956 most in uential modern sexuality researcher Was a zoologist professor that began research when had to teach a course on marriage for college students Atheoretical in beginning because data on sexuality was lacking 0 No background information on topic With three colleagues interviewed 18000 subjects to obtain sexual life histories 0 Time consuming and questions that where personal and memorized 1953 and 1958 published two books on women and men based on the data discovered 0 Received backlash on research 1947 he established the Institute for Sex Research Discovered many unacceptable activities to be widely practiced 0 Society did not follow the values it upheld Controversial work had funding sources taken away 0 Ex gathered information on gay prostitutes made society believe he was trying to normalize homosexuality Legacy has continued to be researched and has more diverse data 0 William Masters and Virginia Johnson 1954 began to study the anatomy and physiology of intercourse in laboratory 0 The first researchers to study the actual act of intercourse and basis for a lot of information of human body 0 People would go in and have intercourse 0 College students medical students couples etc 0 Measures 0 Penile strain gauges measures how quickly and how much the penis takes to get aroused 0 Photo plethysmographs a clear dildo With camera to see interior of woman and how they get aroused 0 Human Sexual Response 1966 0 Dull medical book on research 0 Four stages model 0 Women may have multiple orgasms I Widespread information about stimulation of the clitoris is important 0 Sexuality stays With us as we age I Desire continues to exist
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