Week 2 Notes (Fri 9/4)
Week 2 Notes (Fri 9/4) PY 370
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jordana Baraad on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PY 370 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steele in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 53 views. For similar materials see History and Systems in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/04/15
PY 370 Week 2 Notes Western Europe Germany Italy France Church had control of almost everything dictated behavior Scientific thinking emerges as a way to progress Explanation of psych 3 main ideas today Renaissance Reformation Scientific Revolution Renaissance quotRebirthquot Occurred after an age of war plague intolerance The Dark Ages Greek and Roman ideas became valued again and were expanded upon Innovation Growth of universities Increased circulation of new ideas Leonardo da Vinci Musician artist inventor quotmost talented man who ever lived Studied cadavers Bodies of deceased prisoners Intense detailed drawings Particular interest in brain Theorized that important in determining behavior Departure from supernatural explanation and humorism Origin of notion of brain s central role in human cognition Questioning the Catholic Church Primary land owner Emergence from despair of dark ages gave people room to start questioning Maybe the church is corrupt Previous behavior dominated by obedience to Catholicism Obey church 9 go to Heaven Martin Luther German monk Near death by lightning 9 devotion to God 9 lots of Bible reading Determined that Church actions not compatible with what he read in Bible legend has it nailed his critiques of the Catholic Church on the door ML s 95 Theses Sparked the Protestant Reformation Reformation IMPORTANT Lead to increased questioning of Church s power Losing hold on people s behavior Martin Luther credited with starting Reformation and Protestant church Rapid widespread of PROTESTanism protest in name Scientific Revolution Increased interest in modern science Possibility that Church could have been wrong in some areas opened possibility that could be wrong with regards to sci knowledge Church v science Many new inventions Made possible by encouragement of creative thought Microscopes First time looking at brain tissue up close Differentiation of tissue not uniform texture structure Gave rise to notion that different areas served specialized functions Important Discoveries 15th cent Earth rotates around the Sun Copernicus not vice versa Church Cells small tissueencased subunits of living beings Laws of motion Newton Best Inventions of the 15th Century Microscopes Printing press considered best by historian consensus Telescopes Church lost most of power New ways of thinking different types of knowledge ENCOURAGED for first time Printing Press Considered MOST IMPORTANT invention Widespread printing of books 9 spread of info Increase of literacy Increased ability to read bible and challenge church dogma and adherence to biblical principles Books cheaper and easier to make and obtain Printing Press 9 Writing on Psych Abnormalities Most of today s mental illness were present in 15th century as well Especially depressionanxiety Writing on symptomscauses and treatments Anatomy of Melancholy first book to discuss mental illness Drawing on ancient Greek idea of melancholia Beginning of interest in mental health Still not as strong as current interest Scientific Revolution gender Women not included in Sci Rev Minimal documentation of female thoughtinnovation dur this time period Even if contributed not given credit usually Considered inferior Traditional gender roles placed women in home discouraged inteectuaism Tving It Together Renaissance Reformation and Sci Rev all 9 SCIENTIFIC METHODII Beginnings of application to use scientific study to explain human behavior But What About Religion Losing power but still important Limited scientific knowledge of new scientific discoveries amongst average people Information revolution often limited to educated eite CouId afford to go to universities to learn newest schools of thought
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