Creating an Atlantic World
Creating an Atlantic World HY 325-001
Popular in US World Power to 1898
Popular in History
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Erica Kugler on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HY 325-001 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steinbock-Pratt in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 43 views. For similar materials see US World Power to 1898 in History at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 09/04/15
Creating an Atlantic World 0 Exploration created networks of trade ideals and migration 0 Networks between the Atlantic and New World W Hemisphere Africa 0 Columbian Exchange I Movement of plants animals pathogens and people between the New World and Europe I Attempt by Europeans to recreate their homeland in these new locations 0 Did this by bringing their familiar products food clothes weapons with them to wherever they settled o Brought missionaries as a way to transplant their religion 0 Overall result recreate European culture in the Western Hemisphere I 3 main aspects of the Columbian Exchange food animals pathogensdisease Food 0 Europeans that were intent on settling in the New World brought with them food staples that they were familiar with 0 Lots of European crops failed because of the difference in climate between Euro and CaribbeanSW USNew England 0 Europeans imported coffee and sugar cane 0 Coffee and sugar cash crops 0 Sugar plantations established in the Caribbean I Sugar production is labor intensive Because of this the establishment of sugar plantations led to the rise in the African slave trade to the Caribbean 0 1516 first sugar mill established 0 1520s sugar boom in the Caribbean 0 Products from America to Europe and rest of world corn peppers bananas and more 0 Tomatoes important to the Italians o Peppers important to Asians 0 Potato important to Ireland I Was a basic food staple of the Irish peasant diet I Easy to grow and can feed many wa few led to European population increase I Reliance on the potato as a single crop agriculture commodity not good later on during the Great Potato Famine Cassava important to African diets Tobacco important to Native Americans for medicinal purposes and social rituals I Sir Walter Raleigh brought tobacco to Europe 0 King James 1 was antitobacco I Tobacco was popular with the common people and it spread to other regions of the world I Tobacco producers saw it as a cash crop 0 Virginia colony began producing tobacco under the direction ofJohn Rolfe OO 0 Mass tobacco cultivation on Virginia plantations leads to rise of slavery culture in Virginia Animals 0 Europeans brought horses dogs hogs and cattle 0 Caribbean hogs donkeys and cattle 0 These animals roamed freely this allowed them to breed and spread 0 Horse biggest influence on societal development in the New World 0 Allowed Europeans to easily conquer their Natives 0 Spanish in America brought horses with them I The Natives adopt horses into their culture I Horses become very important in the culture of the Plains Indians 0 Able to hunt bison easier 0 Able to expand their territory because they cover more land on horseback Pathogens Diseases 0 Diseases flowed from Europe to America and from America to Europe 0 Natives had weak immune systems more susceptible to contracting diseases and dying 0 Ex pigs from Columbus voyages causes influenza outbreaks o 1519 small pox outbreak year of first European originated pandemic o In the Caribbean small pox decimated the Taino population 0 By 1700s disease became a tool of warfare 0 17631764 Pontiac s Rebellion 0 Conflict between English and Natives 0 English gave disease small pox covered blankets to the Natives I 1st recorded instance of biological warfare Critics of European treatment to Natives o 1511 Antonio de Montesinos 0 Gave a sermon in which he said that God will punish the Europeans mainly the Spanish for the way they have been treating the Native population 0 Bartholome de las Casas o Wrote about Spanish treatment of the Natives not a favorable account 0 Blames Conquistadors and encomienda system for exploiting Natives for land and labor Sex and Procreation o No women were abroad Columbus 1st voyage 0 Trend of women not journeying over to the New World during early exploration attempts meant that explorers and crew used the Native women as sexual partners 0 Taino women birthed mixedrace children to Europeans in the Caribbean 0 By 1530s Europeans see these mixedrace children as a new raceclass o Called them quotMestizosquot 0 Sex between the Europeans and Natives introduced STDs syphillus to the Natives Spanish Galleon Trade 0 Spanish traded in both the Atlantic and Pacific 0 Manilla Philippines lynchpin in the Pacific as point of access to Asia 0 Hawaii 0 Settled first by the Polynesians o 1778 discovered by English captain James Cook I Named the islands quotSandwich Islands after the Earl of Sandwich in England 0 HI is conveniently located as a midway point in the Pacific between the west coast of America and Asia Trade goods 0 European goods brought to the New World brass copper o Natives now able to make copper kettles better weapons 0 Native reliance in European tradegoods decrease in Native manufacturing of products Other notes 0 By 1754 settlement of the New World moved more inland from coastal areas 0 There is a difference between claiming a piece of land and actually settling it o The Spanish claimed lots of land in the interior US but didn t really settle the areas 0 Claim vs settlement lead to land disputes between countries and to population differences in the Western Hemisphere Key words 0 Columbian Exchange 0 Sir Walter Raleigh 0 Tobacco 0 Antonio de Montesinos and Bartholome de las Casas 0 James Cook
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