PSY 335 Week 1 Notes
PSY 335 Week 1 Notes PSY 335
Popular in Psychology of Childhood
Popular in Psychlogy
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bria Harris on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 335 at Syracuse University taught by W. Wood in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 100 views. For similar materials see Psychology of Childhood in Psychlogy at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 09/04/15
PSY 335 Psychology of Childhood Week 1 Lecture Notes September 3 Child Development Theories and Themes 1 Why Study Child Development a Raising children How should we raise kids b Choosing social policies How to promote the welfare of children c Understanding human nature 2 Raising Children Help parents and teachers meet the challenges of reading and educating children Research identi ed effective approaches that can be used to help children manage anger and other negative emotions Remember to do turtle a form of intervention children were taught to be inside themselves when they were upset found to reduce negative emotions 3 Choosing Social Policies Permits informed decisions about social policy questions that effect children About 40 of kids that testify are under the age of 7 Child testimony from preschool kids Older children remember more accurately 4 Understanding Human Nature Provides insights into the most intriguing questions regarding human nature Investigations of development among children adopted from orphanages Romania supports the principle that the timing of experiences often in uence their effects Findings of Romanian Orphans at 6 amp 11 year olds 150 adopted Romanian kids compared to 150 adopted British kids Physical Development 0 Weight adopted before 6 months British control gt adopted between 6 amp 24 months gt adopted between 24 amp 42 months Intellectual Abilities 0 Percentage of kids with mental retardation 2 of kids adopted before 6 months same is general population compared to 33 of those adopted between 2442 months Social Development 0 20 had abnormal social behavior including not differentiation their parents from strangers did not form friendships as well 5 Historical Foundations of the Study of Child Development a Early Philosophers Views Plato and Aristotle believed long term welfare of society depends on the development of children Plato emphasized discipline and self control children are born with innate knowledge Aristotle was concerned with tting child rearing needs of individual child knowledge comes from experience Nature vs Nurture Late Philosophers late 1600s to early 1700s Locke like Aristotle saw children as a tabula rasa and advocated lSt instilling discipline and gradually increasing kids freedom Rousseau believed parents amp society should give kids maximum freedom from the beginning Social Reform Movements In the 19th century research was conducted for the benefit of kids amp provided some of the earliest descriptions of the adverse effects of harsh conditions amp how they impact child development Darwin s Theory of Evolution Darwin s work on evolution inspired research in child development in order to gain insights into the nature of the human species The Emergence of Child Development as a Discipline Child development emerged as a formal field of inquiry in the late 19th century and early 20th century Sigmund Freud and John Watson formulated in uential theories of development during the period Freud biological drives exerted a crucial in uence on development Watson children s behavior arises largely about rewards amp punishments that follow particular behaviors Research methods were limited but theories were better grounded in research and inspired more sophisticated thinking
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