Languageanditsstudyeng175wi.pdf ENG 175WI
Popular in Nature of Language
Popular in Foreign Language
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Summer mendez on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENG 175WI at Central Michigan University taught by Berriman, Elizabeth in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 72 views. For similar materials see Nature of Language in Foreign Language at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 09/04/15
Language and its study notes Nine fundamental ideas about language that form if not exactly a list of facts Summary of the consensus of most linguistic scholars 1 1Children Learn their native language swiftly efficiently and with out instruction a Language is natural to humans i All can speak unless impaired b Children acquire the language around them i lmitate not taught c What percentage of adult forms is learned by a certain age i 90 of adult structure is obtained by the age of 7 d Language of child s home and community is known as their naUvelanguage 2 Language operates by rules a Words and sounds are arbitrarily selected to an object i 40 phonemes b Thousands of rules to make a language 3 All languages have three major components A sound system a vocab and a system of grammar a Sound system i Phonology inventory of vocal noises and combo of sounds b Vocab i Lexicon individual storehouse of words c Grammar 2 de nitions i Grammar system of rules we use to arrange words into meaningful English sentences ii Grammar the whole system of rules that make up a language 4 Everyone Speaks a Dialect a England vs America b Work setting dialect isolation 5 Speakers of all languages employ a range of styles and set of sub dialects orjargon a Sociolinguistic rules what speech is appropriate in different social settings i Learned late b Martin joos 5 forms of formality i Intimate quotfuses two separate personalitiesquot and occurs between individuals with a close relationship Personal fragmented and implicit ii Casual social groupings not close enough to be labeled intimate Friends and insiders iii Formal speeches lectures TVnews iv Frozen literature that can be reread c Halldays Seven purposes for talking i Instrumental getting things done ii Regulatory control actions of others iii lnteractional get along with others iv Personal how you feel here I come v Heuristic Language to learn a s vi Imaginative create own world vii Representational Express Proposition give info Language change is normal a Sounds change latterladder b Shift in grammar shallwill c Shed vowels Latinize mediummedia Languages are intimately related to the societies and individual who uses them a Eskimo language Value judgment about different languages or dialects are matters in taste a Language correlates with a prejudicestereotypical idea Writing is a derivative of speech
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