Phil 1 - Week 6
Phil 1 - Week 6
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This 3 page Reader was uploaded by Debbie Chen on Saturday May 10, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 68 views.
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Date Created: 05/10/14
Philosophy 1 Introduction to Philosophy Week Four Lecture Notes Reader Notes and Study Guide Lecture Notes Tom vs the Demon Round 2 Demon World 0 Demon gives Tom awareness 0 In this case there is no way even in principle for Tom to detect the change 0 All his perceptual experiences are identical to what they were before 0 This is just like our cases of radical deception matrix BIV evil demon 0 In Bouwsma s story the Demon attempts to explain to Tom the nature of his deception 0 In response Tom claims that by ower he just means thing that smells feels looks etc this way 0 According to this line of thinking the demon has not created a world in which there are no owers and Tom is not deceived Thin vs Thick Illusions 0 This illusion e g lowers in a mirror and paper owers they only look like owers They do not have all the qualities a ower has 0 Thick illusion a demon owers Mirrors all the properties of a ower It looks feels smells tastes etc like a ower 0 It s not a thick illusion it s a duplication 0 Even if it s a duplication that depends 0 The demon only got rid of the things he can sense in this special way 0 He hasn t gotten rid of owers because owers are just things that look smell taste and feel a certain way 0 What he should have done is know the words and manipulate those Two interpretations 0 Linguistic Interpretation 0 O 0 Our word ower means something different than the demon thinks The word ower just means something that looks smells tastes and feels a certain way So if the demon means to use our word ower when he says there are no owers what he says is false So Tom is not deceived I What observable characteristics create a ower I Something on another planet with no shared characteristics but still called a ower I What about Milly 0 Milly isn t some person or other with certain characteristics 0 If the world is different they are deceived 0 Metaphysical Interpretation 0 Flower is exhausted by its observable characteristics 0 Demon has not created a world in which there are no owers because there are things with those observable characteristics Reliablism 0 Justification o I believe that there is a dog tied out in front of the UCen o I didn t see this dog 0 No one told me about it 0 But you don t know 0 You must have more than beliefs 0 Justified believed on good basis 0 Skepticism does not try to show us that are belief is false but that we don t have knowledge 0 But then that means skepticism no longer have knowledge but belief either Transmissibility Argument Justification 0 I cannot be justified in believing that I am not a BIV 0 My having hands entails that I am not a BIV 0 If I justifiably believe p and that p entails q then I can be justified in believing q 0 So if I justifiably believe that I have hands then I can be justified in believing that I am not a BIV 0 I cannot be justified in believing that I have hands Goldman 0 Desiderata o Noncircular definitions 0 Not merely extensionally correct I He wants an account that agrees with all or most of our judgments about individual cases I He also wants his accounts to be explanatory I Wants to be able to say why a particular belief is justified when others are not 0 BeliefForrning Process 0 An operation or procedure that takes an input e g perception memorial experience testimony other beliefs and outputs a belief 0 Bad ways to form a belief I Just because everyone else believes it I Confused reasoning I Wishful thinking I Reliance on emotional reactions I Hasty generalization I UNRELIABLE o Perception good reasoning helps 0 Goldman s basic idea if a belief is formed by reliable process it is justified and if it is formed by unreliable process it is unjustified 0 Nice Features 0 Picks out the intuitively good processes from the bad ones 0 Makes sense of the connection between justification and truth 0 Allows us to make sense of the fact that justification comes in degrees 0 Reliability 0 We also need to add in how the process would perform if things had been different
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