ENV S 3
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Date Created: 05/10/14
April 28 2014 Today s Music Led Zeppe1in s Kashmir 1977 A CLASH OF CULTURES IN AMERICA 0 Trading Zones High middle ages it was dangerous to go outside the manor And there were population grew during that time the manors began to make more products than they could consume on the manor 0 Puttingout system I A system that gave things like raw cloth to commoners and the commoners would finish them Because they had the skills to make something out of it 9 into cloths linens etc I They made so much that they began to market it 0 Climate change I 900s Cold wet period in centralnorthem Europe I Affected the health of livestock amp people I 10001200 it began to become warmer and dryer made population grow I Wool amp food production increased 0 End of insularity I After the climate change and production increased insularity ended 0 Merchant culture I More capitalistic early 1000 1 1000s 0 Venice Genoa I Earliest merchant cultures 0 Netherlands I A little after Venice Netherlands experienced merchant culture 0 Renaissance I Grecoroman times means the emergence of a society from the dark ages I This a Eurocentric term I Means rebirth French I Began in the first 3 centuries in the first millennium I Changes in literature and culture Gothic architecture I Built for protection GrecoRoman style Secularism I Separation of church amp state I Life is no longer seen as a preparation for the after life I The idea of this present life became exciting Marco Polo I 1270s he Italian merchant traveled to China I He brought Chinese culture to Italian and told Italy about the riches in China I Inspired trade between Asia and Europe Caravan routes I Camel trains that went across land I Took goods all the way to China I Really expanded overland trade I Ocean trade I Mediterranean Black Sea trading zones are the big gathering areas The places were goods were brought so they could be shipped to distant places big cities 0 Hanseatic zone I Near Northern Europe I Towns in northern Germany along the North Sea to the Baltic Sea I We need protection so they made rules the merchants set up these rules I They dealed with foreign trade they set prices and agreed to certain standards of shipping I They agreed to pay for protection I Big organization Hanseatic league 1358 0 Middle Europe zone Italia zone I By Italy I Another trading zone Environmental this ended isolation transferred knowledge across Europe and Asia Black Death 0 Bubonic plague Mid 1300s came from Asia to Europe Spread virtually across Europe Origins in Western and central Asia Environmental Bacterial infection Really high Fever chills enlarged lymph nodes It took a while spread rapidly because cleanliness was not very important at the time 13 of European population died EastWest transference Marco Polo set caravan routes from Asia to Europe This is how it moved 1330s western asia 9 Central Asia 9 Europe Infested cloths This disease traveled Eastwest axis Rat eas Buboes Traveled on rat eas on ships From Asia to Black Sea to ships Flea will bite rat then bite you Enlarged lymph nodes Turned black then start to bleed then spread across you Disfigured body and spread to other people Pneumonic plague Vectors from saliva 9095 fatality Dead in 17 days Very similar to pneumonia Associated to the bubonic plague European Population 1300s was a wet season 75 million 52 million 44 million Bleedingleecheshot 1300 1350 1400 0 To treat the plague they cut people and let them bleed the bad blood out Leeches to suck out the poison nothing worked Oil immersion Dropped people in hot oil to bring their temperature up Famines I Food supply was completely compromised I There were highway men and robbers wreaking havoc o Pandemic I Wide spread devastating disease I It had never been seen like this ever before I around 1500s world s population picked up I 1500s the weather picked up Gunpowder 1 300s developed in China in the 800s it existed a long time ago before it began to be used in Europe 0 Saltpeter potassium nitrate I 75 of this I 10 sulfur I 15 charcoal o BlackSaracen Powder I Another name for gunpowder I Used for fireworks mostly in China 0 Sulfurcharcoal o Gunmetal I Made with copper tin amp zinc I Pliable and very dense o Coppertinzinc o Autocatalytic process I As Europeans were far more advanced in working with metals they were in the Iron Age I Europeans had metal works but they didn t have gunpowder I The idea that prior ideas were built on each other to make more advances o Gunhild ballista blunderbuss I Northern Europe in Germany called Gunhild I French Ballista I England blunderbuss musket revolutionized warfare o Musket harquebus I Spanish Harquebus difficult to load and were not THAT important 0 Germs Iron and Harquebuses I The sound of the gunshot would get your attention strikes fear 0 Escopetas I Mid 1500s fairly accurate I Technologically more advanced gun Toscanelli Paolo Toscanelli 13971482 his father was a physician 0 Christopher Columbus I 14511506 I Toscanelli was Columbus map maker This was the time when the trading zones were developing in Europe amp Asia So monarchs wanted trading routes and more goods I 1450s people were looking for new ways of getting to Asia I Environmental advantages I Italian and was interested in sea faring I Persuaded Toscanelli to show him the spherical map in the 1470s I He studied the map for a few years and put his own stuff in it 0 Portugal I Advantage of being on the edge of Iberian peninsula I They were leading the way in best routes to Asia leading maritime voyages I They were tied to the idea of going around the tip of Africa to go to Asia 0 University of Padua I Toscanelli was a good student I He was trained as a doctor I He went back home to become a scientist o Cosmo graphy I Toscanelli developed cosmography I Description of the world 0 Ptolemy I While he was in university he studied him I Ptolemy was a Greek mathematician I Toscanelli imagined a spherical world based on Ptolemy I Church thought that everything revolved around the Earth and that the Earth was at I Toscanelli imagined a much smaller spherical world and so he developed a map 0 Ferdinand amp Isabella I The Spanish monarchs second choice of Columbus after he was rejected by the Portugals I They combined their countries to create Spain I Spain was built on the idea of church or Roman Catholicism I They expelled the Jews and Muslims from Spain Spanish Inquisition I Columbus said that it would take 3000 miles to get to Asia if he goes west actually he just hits Americas there was 9000 miles more to get to Asia 0 Spanish nationalism 0 Spanish Inquisition I Began in 1478To get rid of heretics in Spain Muslims and Jews 0 The strappado I Hoist the people up and drop them Torture pulled their arms up and out I Forcing them to confess that they were heretics Then they would burn them 0 Bahamas 0 4voyages of Columbus I First time he just hit Cuba and Hispaniola a bunch of islands I Second he went around the islands never met the mainland of Central America Cortes and the Aztecs 15191521 Pizarro and the Incas 15321533 chapter 3