ENV S 3
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Date Created: 05/10/14
May 06 2014 Today s Music Goldberg Variations Composed by Bach Played by Glenn Gould Overview of Second Half colonies of capitalism the political economists global economic theory responses to industrialization environmental impact of global warfare modern capitalism amp the role of government externalities amp capitalism EUROPEAN AMERICA 0 New Spain Found gold amp silver established colonies and conquered huge populations with small armies in comparison l500s1600s o Encomienda system I Worked better in urban bigger villages I A system of slavelabor the conquering Spaniards were rewarded in encomiendas slaves for their triumphs in war I A system that legitimized I Encomiendas owed the owner with tribute their labor in exchange they received protection the owner would protect a population of encomiendas like a city Tribute I Their labor Protection I Owners owed protection to the encomiendas Mission system I Roman Catholicism national religion in Spain I They brought priests from Europe to convert people to the New World Proselytizing I Evangelizing by converting heathens into Christians I Converting them into Christianity and into Spanish culture to speak Spanish and to farm Jesuits Dominicans Franciscans I The big orders I The monks amp priest swore celibacy California I Last place to get colonized by the Spanish mission system 1760s Sacred Expedition I The Last move to Northern CA in establishing missions Transatlantic Transference I Of guns germs amp steel English Colonies o Mercantilism I The English brought this system to the areas they colonized I Big companies took raw materials sent them to England and then sent them back to the colonies to be sold Roanoke I Roanoke island first failed colony I 15 88 the lost colony I The English left people at the island came back a year later and only found charred bones Navidad I The Spanish Columbus in 1492 he left some people amp once he came back all they found were bones Jamestown Virginia I 1607 15 successful colony semisuccessful Starving time I 16081609 the colony was waiting for supplies I Tobacco was discovered shown to them by the Indians I Tobacco became an important cash crop and became popular in England Pilgrims I Nov 1620 they barely survived I Virginia more about religion than money jamestowon colony was established for money I They wanted separation from the Church of England Puritans I 1630 1700s I They came to settle doctrinal issues I They are separating from the Catholic Church concemed in issues of theology I They did not care for converting the Indians simply wiped them out I Arrived with huge numbers with the idea that they were going to stay I Spanish wanted goldamp silver amp converting people French wanted furs and then wanted to leave I Wanted the Puritan church to control economic activities 0 Attracted England entrepreneurs City on a hill I John Winthrop I Meaning their city should be an example of the world to see I Massachusetts Bay New England I Puritans called their area New England Middle Atlantic colonies New York City I 1650s all the English money was owing to NYC amp Philadelphia Philadelphia Southem colonies I Rich men came to establish plantations First tried using Indian Labor then indentured servants o Indentured servants Brought to southern colonies Signed contracts in England amp work off 7 year contract Became unreliable source of labor 0 African slave trade 1619 new African slave trade used for labor 0 Tobacco rice indigo The big cash crop farming in the colonies brought all the slave trade 0 Cash crop farming 0 New France 0 Black Robe 1991 Film about their attempt at establishing colonies May 08 2014 ENGLAND LABORATORY OF THE EARLY INDUSTRIAL WORLD Today s Walk in Music Animals by Pink Floyd 1977 Paper due May 27 Overall 2 Half Themes How did we get where we are today Does capitalism always solve its problems Taking Sides in RBR 0 The British Isles 43 AD when the Romans came to the British Isles o Celts Druids The first people at the British Isles They had good ships they were an advanced society with germs amp steel Warlike people They had priests and royalty Druids the people with the highest level priest When the Romans came they established trading centers London was first a trading center 0 Hadrian s wall The romans were concerned about the barbarians in the North 130s AD to keep barbarians out from the north the Scotts o Angles Saxons Crossed the English Channel Warlike people came to unsettled parts of SouthernNorthern England 4OOAD when the Romans began to lose power the Saxons came England was a rich island Well fed part of Europe 0 London has 19miles of water separating it from Europe military advantage 0 Norman Conquest I 1066AD the Normans conquered 0 Duke William I 1000AD I Converted to Catholicism 0 King Harold I AngloSaxon king 0 Battle of Hastings I 1066 AD Duke William beat King Harold 0 William the Conqueror I Changed his name since 1066AD after they conquered the AngloSaxons o Domesday Book I 1080s a census of England I William sent priests and scribes all around England that took down information about the land it s worth the of people I Great Domesday and Little Domesday book I William was trying to legitimize his holding on England forcing the people to pay taxes which then signifies that William was the king I Arranged the demography of England 0 Showed environmental o Magna Carta I 1215 AD Magna Carta I 1216 AD the king died the people drawing up the document added powers of the nonnobility I England was way ahead in becoming an environmental manipulative country as they began to industrialization 0 Industrial Revolution The new scholars now say that the Industrial Revolution was a long slow process this correlates with Diamond s idea of autocatalytic process England was the premier navy power in the world maritime o Enlightenment I You have an educated mass of people that believe that anything can be solved through reason I 1600s the idea of moving closer to secularism I Rational we can solve everything and solve our economic problems and begin to grow 0 Mercantilism I England went out and populated colonies I Colonies had raw materials New England had fish amp furs they would bring these materials back process them then sell them back I Had a very successful mercantilism which moved them towards capitalism 0 Capitalism I we have a lot more products than we can consume I Most of the means of production are privately owned I The more you sell the more profits 0 Mass production mass consumption I Manufacturing class began to emerge and mass production began to boom I Egalitarian England moved to Industrialized England I They needed more workers drew working poor and brought them to the big cities into the factories I These people were no longer self sufficient they had to use their wages to buy food clothes and shelter I Created a market for mass consumption because ppl needed it I Big 3 Mass production mass consumption amp applied technology 0 Applied technology steam I Textile mills of England I First used water power then was replaced by steam technology I Steam technology dates back to the Greeks 0 James Watt Robert Fulton Eli Whitney I James Watt applied steam power Englishmen I Robert Fulton amp Eli Whitney brought back the steam engine to American needs 0 Robert Fulton use the steam engine into a boat 1807 power boats 0 Eli Whitney used the steam engine to turn a drill and use it to smooth out metals he made his money by making precise firearms o Pig iron I Best metal they had I Harder than iron but not quite steel I Used by Eli Whitney to make guns 0 Early extemalities I US 1800s industrial revolution begins I Extemalities industrial activity that the marketplace doesn t capture I Ex air pollution or water pollution I England had severe air problems early to mid 1800s I The sun never sets on the British Empire 0 Smithian Revolution Adam Smith 17231790 attended Oxford offered Chair of Logic Put into place the idea of looking at the environment not an environmentalist however Smithian Revolution he had strong followers 0 Political economy I First to begin looking at what the world was doing First environmentalists This is what ppl were doing to the world I Combining politics and global economy 0 An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations 1776 I Wealth of Nations I Widely read translated to 34 languages in 1800s I Talks about resource allocation 0 Resource allocation I How are resources allocated properly What mechanism allows resources to be allocated he believes the Market is the mechanism 0 Market capitalism I Money amp well trained people makes the system work I Supply amp demand model Government role I What is the Government s role in the market the role of the govnt is minimal I Have courts amp police force internal securities amp national defense other than that the govnt has no role in the market I If govnt gets involved it interferes with the signals that markets give about supply and demand Free market Laissezfaire I Hands off Invisible Hand I Invisible hand of the market will allocate resources properly Classical economic theory I Micro economy smith Mainstream economists I Today they are called mainstream economists NeoSmithians I Modern follower of Adam Smith Free trade I Allows the world to prosper I Get rid of import duties the tariff seen as govnt interference
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