Week One Notes : ch1 and ch2
Week One Notes : ch1 and ch2 SOCI 2010
Popular in Foundations of Sociology
Popular in Sociology
This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Caoimhe Notetaker on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 2010 at Tulane University taught by David Maddox in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 111 views. For similar materials see Foundations of Sociology in Sociology at Tulane University.
Reviews for Week One Notes : ch1 and ch2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 09/04/15
Foundations of sociology Chapter 1 the sociological imagination Terms Social network The ties between people groups and organizations Society a large group of people who live in the same area and participate in a common culture Sociology The study of societies and the social world that individuals inhabit within them quotwhat it means to be humanquot Sociological imagination the capacity to think systematically about how things we experience as quotpersonal problemsquot are really social issues Identity the conception we and others have about who we are and what groups categories we are members of Nomothetic approach identify aspects top 4 or 5 that in uence a social problem Socially constructed beliefs about the way things are and work are constructed by a society they are not universal ie Blindness gender race sexual orientation Social patterns when to elements of a society move together ie Income and education level Social institutions networks of structure in a society that socialize groups of people within them Important people C Wright mills 19161962 can t understand personal life until we understand society fundamental assumption that social patterns exists they are observable measurable and explainable connection the historical with the biographical Auguste Comte PhHosopher Coined the term sociology Emile Durkheim 18581917 Father of sociology Kev concepts from text Context and social cues dictate how we act in a given situation e Common sense aphorism can be contradictory early bird gets the worm look before you leap knowing which one to use when is all about context Social structure is based off of the in uence of hierarches roles and institutions norms Fundamental assumption of sociology the study of human society is that social patterns exist Foundations of Sociology Social Theory Terms Social theories systematic ideas about the relationship between individuals and societies FORCES of production different tools used to make things REALATIONS of production how people are organized to carry out tasks needed Social Fact the regularities and rules of everyday life that every human community has Social solidarity what is it that holds a society together Strati cation system inequalities that persist over time Social distance the importance of how close or distant individuals are Network analysis brought math into sociology Dramaturgical approach quotall the worlds a stagequot Always putting on the approach facade lntersectionality belonging to more than one social group ie women and white and the importance of those combinations Selfful lling Prophecy When a stereotypical belief encourages behavior that in turn af rms the stereotype ie A student doing worse on a test once marking their race 3 common Themes in Sociology 1 What is the nature of the individual How does the individual act in the context of society 2 What is the basis for social order What is it that holds societies together 3 What are the circumstances or conditions under which societies change Key Theorist Karl Marx A societies economic system is the de ning features of how that society works 0 Forces of production vs relations of production 0 Class struggle theory classes of people that are treated differently by economic systems are inevitably going to be in con ict Durkheim Developed the concept of Social fact 0 Leads to social forces passed on through socialization o Analyzed the root of social solidarity 0 Mechanical solidarity minimal division of labor shared world view 0 Organic solidarity mutual dependence among people More urban societies depend upon each other for survival 0 Analyzed religion as a force of modern life Max Weber Focused on motivations that guide individual behavior 0 Types of social action why people do things Instrumental rationality to achieve some award Value rationality belief in an ultimate value Affectual rationality guided by emotion Traditional rationality follow established traditions Simmel Focused on the importance of overlapping social circles o The concept of social distance 0 First to introduce network analysis WEB Du Bois Focused on race and racial inequality but also helped explain pathologies and stereotyping of ANY disadvantaged group Key Theories Structural Functionalism o Attempt to provide a uni ed theory for all of sociology The key element of society are organized by the needs of society as a whole A social system contains powerful norms and values and institutions as a way to maintain order 0 Problem with theory is they saw life and society as relatively con ict free did not take con ict into account 0 Con ict Theory 0 Addressed inequalities Revived some concerns of Marx and Weber class and status inequality 0 Important for introducing social con ict BUT to vague for a new theory Symbolic Interaction o How people interact and the role of symbols in those interactions 0 Social order starts from individuals and the meaning they give to objects relationship and event George Herbert Mead main theorist Herbert Blumer student of Mead o Identities are divided into the l and the quotmequot Dramaturgical approach 0 Functionalism dislodged by late 19605 Symbolic interactionism most vibrant but still retreated After 19605 a new generation of theorist o NeoMarxism theory of the capitalist state Wallerstein the capitalist world system globalization Feminist Social theory introduced the idea of gender as a social construction 0 Beauvoir analysis of patriarchy 0 Collins intersectionality Foucalt power problems 0 Power is everywhere The importance of power interactions discipline Bourchieu 0 People compete over economic AND cultural resources Status in social hierarchy is determined by economic AND cultural capital 0 Cultural Capital Social capital who you know vs symbolic capital you own reputation o Merton o Selfful lling prophecy o Unanticipated consequences of social action 0 Coleman 0 Focus on the individuals Ground up approach