week one and two notes
week one and two notes PHIL 194
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Trevor Meed on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PHIL 194 at St. Cloud State University taught by Swank, Casey in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see Critical Reasoning in PHIL-Philosophy at St. Cloud State University.
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What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
Date Created: 09/04/15
Multicultural Phil 111 Buddhism 0 500 million believers O 3types of Buddhism 0 95 in East Asia 1 Vajrayana o 4 million in US 2 Mahayana 3 Theravada 1 Began in India birth place of Buddhism 0 By Ganges river Lumbini name of birth place 2 Siddhartha Gautama name of quotThe Buddha 560 BCE is not quotThe Buddha until laterin life Is a prince he is born into a life ofluxury and comfort He married Yasodhara Had anything he could everwant had all the pleasures he could want neverexperienced hardships 0 He then had 4 passing sights which begins his insight into Buddhism Thefour passing sights 1 Old man 2 Sick man 3 Dead man 4 Monk 0 Afterhe saw these peopleit dawned on himthat all his happiness in this world was doomed to destruction 0 He then did a Great Renunciation 0 He gave up his wife and son 0 He then began his IifeofAscetic a life of selfdenial where people deny all pleasures to themselves incl uding clothes shelter and barley anyfoodjustenough to survive he did thisfor 6 years 0 He then had a Great Enlightenment which gave him the three fold knowledge Three fold knowledge 1 Memory of previous lives 2 Understand rebirth and karma 3 The fournoble truths Why be moral 0 Siddhartha is the Buddha quotEnlightened one he discovered the middleway between self gratification and selfde nial He neverwrote anything down the writings we have we re done by hisfollowers They swearis100 accurate 0 Nature vs nurture Guilt Punishment Parents tellingyou to be good Do the right thing Why The first noble truth 0 Suffering or unsatisfactoriness human life is pain and suffering o Dukkha overwhelmingfeature of human condition Refers to physical pain and suffering but also includes emotional pain sadness pain despair frustration anxiety worry fear disappointment etc also viewed as the absence of pleasurable experience orwhen we are not felling happy is also dukkha Who is suffering Who are you The five groups of grasping physical and mental states that constitute the self or person Form the body or physical objects generally Feeling sensations pain and pleasure Perception how we process information PENN Mental formation mental states that cause action like will fear etc emotions that motivate behavior 5 Consciousness the mind awareness of physical objects and mental states Buhhdist philosophy ofthe self 0 There is no self 0 Anatta No self Nothing isthe true permanent essence ofthe individual quotIquot or me or myself do not referto any enduring or persistent entity The self is a composite ofthe five groups of grasping o This basically rejects the idea of a soul The soul is taught to be the true essence of a person in western religions like Christianity Islam and Judaism 0 When we die our five groups split and come back lateras a new reincarnation 0 Karma likely associates itselfwith the consciousness ofa person so it knows ifthe person has good or bad karma Karma has a positive or negative charge Karma is like ajudge of peopl e but only we ourselves determine ifwe have good or bad karma which is generated through our actions and thoughts 0 When people die with lots of bad karma die they go to Buhhdist hell The person is reincarnated into hell which is like a different realm There they receive torture from the demons the beings in hell 0 People can get out of Buhhdist hell afterthey are there for long enough their bad karma gradually goes away and they are reincarnated back on Earth but not always as a human probably an animal The second noble truth 0 Cause of dukkha o Tanha quotthirstquot desire craving we have This leads to suffering because ofourunquenchable thirst of what we cannot have We are against change We want the things that keep us happy in this life to neverchange or leave us 0 Our desires will lead to dukkha because we will eventually not get what we want Also we cannot have permanent satisfaction that is a failure to accept reality 0 Annica impe rmanence everything will eventually be gone or destroyed How do we end dukkha How stop suffering Why does end ofdesire mean end of dukkha o Principle of causality everything comes to exist and continues to exist because of certain conditions or causes Anything will cease to exist once that which causes it and sustain its existence is removed Third noble truth 0 Cessation ofsuffering Nibbana o Nibbana when all suffering ends ultimate goal of Buddhism 0 Nibbana means quotextinctionquot the verb is quotto extinguish Nibbana puts out the fiery desires of dukkha What is Nibbana o Nibbana is like God The Supreme Being Mit is not a superperson no personality does not answerprayers it is an impersonal supreme being 0 The middle path Not what I want to have or I want to avoid Take life as it comes just accept it Go between Desire and Aversion aversion means life of avoiding things 0 How you respond to things will also determine how dukkha will affect you it is not wrong to want things but ifyou don t get something you want do you just accept it or do you get angry sad frustrated the path of dukkha Where is Nibbana o Nibbana is like quotHeavenquot but it is not a place where people go there is noJudge there it is a state of permanent peace and conte ntme nt 0 When someone reaches Nibbana reincarnation ends Because life is suffering o Nibbana is like a plane ofexistence where a person s consciousness will just be The conscious will also be forevercontent and have peace The fourth noble truth 0 The eightfold path 0 How do we stop the desires that cause suffering o How do we achieve Nibbana 9 NP PTPWN We follow the eight fold path Each factor is samma meaning quotrightquot the 8things are always listed in this orderbut we are to do all ofthese simultaneously and not one at a time Understanding Thought Speech Ac on UveHhood E on hAh1dfulness ConcenUa on There are 3 categories 0 Ethical conduct 35 0 Mental discipline 68 0 Wisdom 12 3 Right speech don t or use lie gossip hurtful rude spiteful and harsh language Instead be truthful constructive and considerate f Nothing positive to say then don t say it quotNoble Silence 4 Right action don t harm living sentient beings stealing and restrain from quotillegitimate sexual intercourse 0 Sex normal aspect for married lay Buddhists Clerics must be celibate no sex They believe homosexuality promiscuity polygamy and sex outside of marriage promotes a preoccupation with sex and sensuality which impedes spiritual progress This is similar to the CatholicChurch belief 0 Abortion killinga baby is killinga living sentient being kills precious human rebirth NeverokBuddhbtopposesabonRXL o Vegetarianism they are divided on this subject I Theravada allow blameless meat the Buddhist did not kill the animal and did not direct anyone to do so I Mahayana rejects meateating an animal killed is a reincarnation of someone Who Could have been someone related to you in previous life 5 Right livelihood don t make ways ofliving that can cause harm to others no selling weapons alcohol drugs no poison o It is ok for them to be in pharmacy because those drugs are being used to help people and not sold for people to use them improperly