Week 2 THEATRE 2100 – 0010
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sean Bhatnagar on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to THEATRE 2100 – 0010 at Ohio State University taught by Melissa Lee in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Theatre in Theatre at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 09/04/15
Theatre 2100 Week 2 Kwame KweiArmah 1967current quotTheatre is a palace of thoughtquot We watched a video on him I AM THEATRE on YouTube Theatre is about creating a space where we can share ideas Revivals Why do we look back on Theatre How we practice theatre comes from what came before The Bacchae Public theatre New York 2009 amp The Bacchae with Alan Cummings National Theatre of Scotland 2007 Rewards are given for best Revival at The Tony s Our Western tradition of Theatre is a DIRECT decedent of Greek Drama Theatre 5th century BCE Age of Greek Drama Athens Greece You can still visit all of the ruins in Greece where Ancient Greek Theatre took place Aristotle 384 BCE 3223CE Greek Philosopher and Scientist He has contributed a lot toward theatre The Poetics 33SBCE was the earliest extant work of dramatic criticism He laid out a lot of interesting ideas of what makes up a Play He put up a theory of the origins of Theatres He said tragedy in dramatic theatre evolved from the performance of Dithyramb A dithyramb is a religious fertility ritual Consisting of Song and Dance and was performed by a large chorus of men under the in uence of wine celebrated the birth of Dionysus Dionysus is the twice born god Dithyramb translates to quotTwice bornquot Religion Poytheism Twelve Olympians Religion was huge in the lives of Ancient Greeks Dionysus is the son of Zeus in this religion Dionysus thyrsus is the god of Wine agriculture fertility illusion religious ecstasy and theatre His headband is wrapped with pinecone and ivy His women followers are called Bacchants or Maenads These women are decorated in ivy The male followers are Satyrs Usually half human and half horsegoat Dionysus39s religion of worship is a mystery A religion that is reserved for the initiation You must be initiated to practice this worship which is a huge reason we don39t know a lot about it Wasn39t public The goal was to transform through intoxication and dance and song They were looking for a transformation To also achieve clarity and become closer to the god City or Great Dionysia Where these ritualsfestivals happened This is a very speci c setting place It is a festival and this is where tragedy originated It was a weeklong festival in honor of Dionysus Dithyrambic and dramatic competitions 534BCE Each playwright presented a tetralogy 3 tragedies and 1 satyr play A wealthy citizen was appointed the Choragus producer and nanced the production This person was chosen and it was considered an honor The prize was awarded on the last day and it was a vote democratic Tragedy transated to quotgoat songquot May have come from or originally had something to do with the satyr The protagonist is the characters whose Will drives the action of the play Sometimes called the Tragic hero The Tragic hero is a high social rank like a king queen or princeprincess They have an error in Judgement There are 3 components of Tragedy Hamartia means error in judgment misstep They experience a reversal of fortune Peripeteia The third component is Recognition or Anognorsis Without these we cannot have Catharsis Hubris excessive pride The antagonist is the character whose Will opposes the protagonist Aristotle thought that tragedy was meant to teach Theatrical and dramatic conventions What are conventions They are the unwritten rules of the game The customs which have been followed Conventions of Greek Theatre Tragic plot based on myths It was the telling of these stories of where we nd the noveky The Chorus They are a group of performers that acttalkmove in unison They would often gather young men for the chorus because it was seen as military training They thought this because they all work in unison They are essential in telling the story and have many functions including to dance sing and bring the musical spectacle to the performance They are a part of the cast and they observe comment question give advice and warn Vioence kept off stage They don39t show the violence We see the aftermath of the violence and the violence is described by the Messengers Messengers as narrators They describe and act tell what happened during the violence It is another way of the audience getting an image of what really happened Minimal scenery There wasn t a lot of scenery They didn39t replicate trees or locations The work of the dialogue would create and image for the audience of where they were They didn39t use sets Masks In Greek drama all actors would wear a mask The chorus would all wear the sameidentical mask The masks were mostly made out of natural material linen cloths etc and had hair The mask would de ne character and you could determine social classage etc The mask has a xed expression and communicates emotion All Male tradition Greek theatre was an allmale tradition There is a reason for this In ancient Greek to be a citizen you have to be a free man All the festivals were meant for citizens Women weren t considered citizens They weren39t even sure if women were in the audience Pays could be performed by 3 actors There would be no more than 3 characters perscene Thespis 6th c BCE A poet and playwright Singer of dithyrambs He is credited to be the quot rst actorquot He stepped out from the chorus and spoke lines to the chorusaudience The word thespian which means actor comes from him Aeschylus 525456 BCE Wrote 90 plays 7 survived and won 13 contests Author of the oldest surviving Greek plays and the rst known trilogy ntroduced the second actor Sophocles 4974065 BCE 120 plays only 7 survived won 24 contests ntroduced the 3rd actor on stage He reduced the size and role of the chorus lntroduced the art of scene painting This would complement the scene Euripides 4804065 BCE Won 4 contest 90 plays and 18 survived Turned to minor myths and radically altered major ones Bacchae wasn t never appreciated till after his death after his son entered his plays in contests Aristotle called him the most tragic playwright Author of the only complete extant satyr play Aristophanes 466376 BCE Comic playwright quotOld comedyquot Commented on contemporary Athenian Society Theatre of Dionysus was performed outdoors during the day Theatre at Epidaurus 80 miles outside of Athens 0 Seats about 14000 people and the sound quality is awesome because of the architecture 0 They used the natural hillside to build upon Orchestra quotdancing placequot This is where the chorus would occupy for song and dance Skene skaynae quothutquot scene house Theatron quotSeeing placequot The entrances were called quotparodosquot The Special Effects Ekkyklema is a wooden platform with wheels They would use this to reveal big parts of the play Ex Wheel in Penthius Mechane is a cranelike machine that could stimulate ight We don39t know exactly how it worked but it could lower someone or raise someone Dues ex machine quotGod from machinequot