Intro to Cinema
Intro to Cinema
Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Film Studies
verified elite notetaker
This 34 page Reader was uploaded by Quinnolyn Benson-Yates on Sunday May 11, 2014. The Reader belongs to a course at University of California Santa Barbara taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 154 views.
Reviews for Intro to Cinema
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 05/11/14
Tuesday May 6 2014 Intro to Cinema Week 6 Lecture Notes Lecture 15 Let the Right One In Directed by Tomas Alfredson Starts silently white credits on a black screen the title Let the Right One In is red letters then sounds begin to filter in Half the frame is snowing We hear a boys voice Squeal like a pig Squeal We see the boy in his window s reflection cut to a man Hakan in a car taking off his glasses looking at the girl Eli in the front seat next to him is humming back to the boy Oskar who puts his hand on the window takes it away he sees the man and girl get out of the car outside back to the boy he s holding a knife saying squeal squeal like a pig the man and girl go into the building we see the boy Oskar put ht knife under his mattress then lie down on the bed He hears the girl complain of it being too light and the man say he ll cover the window we see outside a man watching the guy cover the window the man outside had been peeing shots of the buildings covered in snow we hear a sound bridge of an officer saying police have ways of to determine foul play Oskar explains how police knew this one kid was murdered the officer asks how does he know that Oskar replies he reads a lot cut to sound of the door closing someone tells Oskar to fuck off the kid comes into the screen it is a boy Conny who tells Oskar what a good piggy he is they run off Tuesday May 6 2014 cut to Oskar outside looking at the covered up window Cut to the man with Eli his name is Hakan cleaning equipment gas mask containers funnel the radio is on talking about skiing Hakan leaves his apartment cut to Hakan outside in the forest he asks a man do you have the time that man asks what he has he says it s halophane sp he tackles the man with the gas the man collapses our view is partly blocked by trees Hakan is in a full body plastic suit he hauls the man up by his ankles so that the passed out man is suspended over the tree everything is pretty quiet as Hakam starts draining the man of his blood close up of the blood dripping off the sides of the bucket we hear the sound of a doog barking it is a white fluffy poodle Hakam tells the dog to be at it with no avail the dog s owner is calling him ricky the owner s voice gets closer Hakam takes off it is two women the dog licks the blood we don t hear the women scream everything is silent cut to Oskar calmly walking down some stairs he takes out a knife Tuesday May 6 2014 Oskar walks outside with his knife out There he says what the bully had said to him earlier what are you staring at Fuck off Squeal so squeal he stabs a tree Oskar turns around He sees a girl Eli on top of a playground structure She asks what he s doing She sounds a bit off She says she can t be his friend This is Eli Oskar asks we she thinks he wants to be her friend cut to Hakam in the subway He looks into his brief case realizes he left his bucket cut to the girl Eli saying to Hakam that he s suppose to help her She asks if she has to take care of it herself we don t see her face we just hold on Hakam s face cut to Oskar in the classroom as the teacher talks about the dead man Medium close up of Oskar as the counselor says no one knows why the boy was murdered cut to door of bathroom cut to boy peeing over the shoulder shot as boys outside call his name Oskar cut to his mother telling him he ll come straight home he s in the kitchen steals the newspaper as we hear his mother saying he ll go to his father s next week cut to music playing seems to be coming from the room Oskar s flipping through his newspaper clipping of murders and tragedies he turns off the music and puts his newspapers hidden away see outside of building the next day blonde hair woman Virginia comes in meets the group of men They discuss the murders there is a stranger Hakam drinking milk He d just come into town with a little kid Tuesday May 6 2014 The guy Gosta who says new guy was his neighbor goes to sit with stranger he asks Hakam over but Hakam leaves saying he s in a hurrying cut to Oskar says he s going out His mother tells him to stay in the yard She continues watching her tv as Oskar leaves the house at night Close up of him playing with the Rubiks cube in the snow the girl Eli sits on the trashcan be behind him we see her watching him she asks him you re here again Eli says she wants to be left alone he says him too She tells him to go home he says she should go him he s lived here longer she asks after the Rubiks cube he offers it to her She takes it and he explains how to work it We see her playing with the Rubiks cube he says she smells funny He asks aren t you cold she says no that I guess i ve forgotten how he leaves we see the Rubiks cube in her grasp as she fights hunger pains Slight sounds as if teeth or breaking ice are coming out cut to a shadow moving under a bridge we re drawn by the sound of two men enthusiastically saying goodbye it s one man from the diner he sees Gosta looking from his balcony the guy from breakfast walks under the bridge He hears a sound Eli She asks him to help her the camera stays a distance away as he tries to go help the girl the camera stays for a long shot as he tries to carry the girl She attacks him as scary music comes on as Gosta watches she sits up on top of the dead man her white blouse stained red She twists his neck and he s dead she cries over the dead body Tuesday May 6 2014 cut to outside Oskar s building we see people arguing silhouettes as we can see Oskar through his window looking out cut to man leaves the apartment cut to Gosta who saw girl kills the guy holding one of his many many cats Gosta is the man who d seen the murder he goes into the restaurant he tells them what he d seen he leads them where the body was they find blood but no body cut to someone Hakam is dragging the body on a sled His attention is directed to an opening in the ice lake and he dumps the body in the ice lake the camera has a long overhead shot as he dumps and shove the body under the ice cut to Oskar is going out his front door it is morning time he finds his Rubiks cube under some ice he smiles cut to shot of the girl sleeping cut to Oskar in school playing w Rubiks cube cut to shots of the winter scenery outside We hear a crow call Oskar comes to join girl on platform outside She says her name is Eli she looks much better less dark circles under her eyes she says she s about 12 He tells her exactly how old he is 12 years 8 months etc he asks where she was bornher parents she doesn t answer He asks if she gets presents for her birthday and then asks how she d solved the Rubiks cube as she d solved it he asked how she did it and she replied she d turned it she shows him how she solved the Rubiks cube cut to their teacher telling them the Bilbo story She says that s it and the class breaks up In the long take the teacher exits the room as Oskar stays behind A classmate runs away from what he saw Oskar reading Tuesday May 6 2014 Oskar is writing something as he reads cut to Oskar leaving the school It s night out and snowing the camera follows his movement when he runs into the student who d run from him in the classroom The kid Conny demands to see what Oskar had been writing Oskar refuses The kid s bully friends grab Oskar One of them starts hitting Oskar then the hitting kid starts crying and stops hitting him Conny takes the whip from him and hits Oskar in the face The kid looks disturbed at his action the kids run away sound bridge of Oskar telling his mom he fell at recess cut to outside Oskar he repeats to himself short long long short long he s saying that to the vampire girl when he gives her what he d been writing she asks what happened to his face she says to listen he must hit back she says he s never hit back to them before has he he says there s three of them she says he must hit harder than ever before she says she could hit them Oskar tells her to follow him A neighbor is watching Hakam we see Oskar in his bedroom listening to muffled noises lt s Hakam and Eli Oskar and the girl communicate through their bedroom walls short long etc cut to Oskar s soccer practice in the gym he reports to the PE teacher He asks to join the strengthening classes Cut to him getting a treat for the girl We see the cat in the shop reacting from his or the girls presence he offers her the treat she says no then tries one reluctantly cut to her vomiting the treat up behind the building as Oskar runs to find her she turns around and sees Oskar She says she s sorry Tuesday May 6 2014 Oskar hugs her she doesn t respond She asks him does he like her he says yes a lot she asks if she wasn t a girl would he still like her he said probably He asks her why cut to Oskar in a car Cut to him carrying a duffle bag He s dropped off at his dad s his mom doesn t interact with his dad we see them having a lot of fun together riding sleds cut to his rather finishing up dinner He nods to oskar when Oskar wants to take his father s red sweater Oskar puts on the sweater and notices a trinket on the shelf His father amiably pats his on the shoulder as he leaves the kitchen cut to Hakam in his and Eli s fairly empty apartment he tells the girl that some people recognize his face he asks Eli to not see the boy this evening he turns to face her she touches his face and leaves without saying anything Hakam turns around and eats something it seems like he is human cut to kids playing basketball as the Hakam looks in from outside through a window cut to outside a building then inside the dark school cut to couple of kids smoking outside they are waiting for the kid in the locker room The kid is strung up in the locker room with Hakam the Hakam collapses into a chair as the kid wakes up what had looked like pickle juice is actually acid Tuesday May 6 2014 Matte screams for help as the kids pound outside the door Hakam holds the jar of acid as he sits he d been caught trying to kill the kid he says he s trapped and pours the acid over his head when the other kids break into the room cut to Eli in her room alone cut to Oskar trying to lift weights as the trainer looks on He s pretty skinnyweak for a kid Oskar returns to find his pants had been thrown into the urinal close up as Oskar s face as when he d been hit as he walks away in his gym shorts cut to Eli hears the news of Hakam s arrest on the radio cut to Eli walks up to the receptionist she asks where she might be able to find her father who the police took and is sick the woman says he s on level 17 but she can t go to see him the receptionist says you poor thing and follows the girl outside but she doesn t find her the camera does a long take of the receptionist outside who turns to go back in and we see on the building behind her that the girl is scaling the outside of the building up to the 17th floor she asks to be let in but Hakam cannot say the words as his throat has a hole in it so she doesn t enter we don39t see the other side of Hakam s face until he bends out the window to let her bite him not much sound is made save for the beeping to the machine the Hakam had torn out of his neck He falls from the window after she releases him and dies cut to Lacke asking Virginia why a kid would kill Jocke cut to Eli asking Oskar to be let in to his room she tells Oskar not to look as she undresses and climbs naked into bed behind him he asks how she got here she replies that she flew he asks her if he has a chance Tuesday May 6 2014 she says with what he says do you want to go study she replies she s not a girl he asks again if he has a chance with her she later says they have a chance together close up of her tracing the outline of his neck then down his arms to hold his hand cut to close up of their entwined hands cut to outside Oskar s building he sticks his head out the window he sees a note on his desk on cardboard it says to flee is life to stay is death with a heart drawn on it yours Eli cut to the school class is going on a field trip onto the frozen lake that the dead guy Jockeisin the teacher is yelling but no one is really paying attention the kid bully Conny asks Oskar you want to swim then walks away cut to the pipe that had been flowing water for the body to be dumped in it is now iced over cut to Oskar picking up the red stick that was used to shove the body under the ice He s near where the body must be cut to the bully gang skating to where Oskar is he asks Oskar if he s going to swim again Oskar says no while gripping the stick the teacher is distracted by other students needing to pee cut to in the distance the bully asks what he s going to do with the stick Oskar says he s going to use it if they do anything the bully says he s will shove Oskar down and run him over with ice skates and Oskar won t do anything Tuesday May 6 2014 Oskar hits him in the head with the stick the bulls kids scream as his ear bleeds His scream is matched by the screaming of the kids who went to pee they d found the dead body cut to a bulldozer getting the body out of the lake There had been cross cutting bt the kids and Oskar s situation Oskar gets home his mother is arguing with his dad on the phone His dad asks him to visit him but Oskar says maybe Cut to one of the bullies talking to Oskar who is swimming in the pool He says so you re going to swim then says it s just a joke the girl Eli is outside looking in to the swimming pool she is wearing a hat and gloves Oskar tells Eli what happened how the kids were threatening to throw him into the ice but he d defended himself she tells him Oskar he says huh he flips on the light she turns to look at him and says hoorah cut to Eli puts on old sounding music Oskar sit in a chair Oskar pulls out a knife he cuts his hand and hold it out to her she backs up he says they re going to mix blood that it doesn t hurt even though it hurt him he says all she has to do is prick her finger music enters as she stares at the blood she leaps down and starts lapping up the blood she tells him to go and run but it is her that runs she climbs up a tree we here her breathing heavy growling cut to Gosta who had seen the murder His apartment he still has a ton of cats IO 11 Tuesday May 6 2014 Virginia tries to say But Lacke but Lacke blows up at her calling her stupid She leaves The other guys tell Lacke that he didn t handle that well Virginia runs away Lacke almost looks like a vampire himself when he goes after her Eli attacks Virginia swooping down from the tree Lacke kicks Eli of her Virginia is still alive Eli looks around disoriented She runs off cut to peaceful winter scenery cut to a room with a red table wleft over alcohol cups in it cut to someone in the bed Virginia s pink nail polish cut to sounds have taken a weird sound effect Virginia opens the shades and closes them Virginia appears to be turning into a vampire Virginia looks into the mirror at her bite We see her smell and almost lick her own blood cut to Oskar and his father playing a game Cut to snowy sandals Someone had been outside the new guy Oskar s father s friend says so we have a guest when he sees Oskar Oskar smiles but looks down Oskar says it s his father turn but his dad said yes but we have a guest Oskar watches playing with a fan as his father and the new guy drink alcohol His dad looks at Oskar Cut to Oskar looks at the note to flee is life to linger death Cut to Oskar on the road a car stops and he runs into the car He s hitchhiking Cut to Virginia looking through the snow that the guy had Jocke had died in cut to she goes to the guys with lots of cat apartment All the cats hiss and growl at her Tuesday May 6 2014 all the cats suddenly attack Virginia The cat guy Gosta stays outside while Lacke demands help Cut to Oskar knocking their special knock on Eli s door she lets him in Oskar comes in and seems to smell something bad He starts to go where her kitchen is but she shuts the door he asks her through the door if she s a vampire the door is see through she says she lives off blood he asks if she s dead and she say no he asks is she s old and she says she s twelve But she s been twelve for a long time Oskar comes in through the door cut to eli putting on a red shirt he asks if she s poor she says see the egg on the table if they sold that they could build a nuclear power plant she tells him to touch the egg and the egg falls apart revealing a golden ball inside he notices some rings He goes into the other room saying he needs to go he says he ll bring chocolates She gives him money and he says she s stolen it after they re dead but then she says it was given to her by different people He asks to go if he may She lets him cut to Virginia strapped to bed with restraints in the hospital Lacke is by her bedside talking about his father s stamp collection Virginia tells Lacke the kid must have infected her and that she doesn t want to live dramatic music cut to Oskar and his mom brushing their teeth They pretend like it s a competition having fun cut to outside the building two dogs wait 12 Tuesday May 6 2014 Cut to Lacke in the waiting room cut to a nurse coming starts to release Virginia from her binds her hand grabs the nurse she looks very weakdead she asks him to open the blinds please he does and she bursts into flames Lacke runs in to see her up in flames cuut to Oskar seeing his bully get beaten in a play fight with his supposed brother Jimmy who asks for keys to go home Conny gives his older brother keys after a minute cut to Oskar eating breakfast Eli rings the doorbell She says he has to say come in Cut to Oskar dares Eli to comes in without being asked She starts to combust Her eyes and skull and ears leak blood before Oskar tells her she can come in Eli with her face still lined with blood like a monster tells Oskar she kills people because she has to that the first thing she heard Oskar say was the squeal like a pig and how that wasn t much different than her situation cut to her asking Oskar to be her a little sudden cut to Oskar still sitting where he was but Eli is gone cut to Oskar putting on music he dances to the music when Eli walks out from the shower wrapped in a towel she hands him her bloody clothing he tells her she can borrow a dress from his mother Oskar sees Eli s private parts as she s changing It appears to be sown up She is actually a castrated boy but I will continue for ever to her as she His mother rings the doorbell and Eli leaves by the window flying next door over to her apartment window 13 Tuesday May 6 2014 Cut to Oskar checking on his mom who is in bed and doesn t respond to him turning on the light cut to Lacke at the place that Jocke had died under the bridge cut to Oskar He gets up and sees a note from Eli saying she s in the bathroom they re in her apartment don t come in does he want to see her tonight and that she likes him a lot Cut to Oskar looking at the bathroom door cut to Lacke outside crying cut to a quiet house Dead silence punctuated by a dripping faucet it is Eli s apartment Lacke has come in He s not really sure what to do He pulls heavy shades from the curtain that had been taped up We see Lacke grab keys from the counter and open up the bathroom We see Oskar beneath a table Lacke had gone into the bathroom where Eli had said she was he removes the covering on the bathtub underneath the covering is Eli Lacke holds a knife to Eli s throat Oskar is behind him with is knife Lacke pauses then says let s see you and moves to open the shades Oskar screams no with his own knife Eli wakes and attacks Lacke Oskar walks backward from the room closing the door partially Eli comes from the bathroom and hugs Oskar saying thank you her mouth is covered in blood Lacke s blood neighbors are knocking on the walls yelling 14 Tuesday May 6 2014 It is Oskar s mother Eli kisses Oskar after saying she has to go Its pretty gross since she still has gore smeared over her mouth Ew Oskar doesn t pull away Cut to music is only heard as Oskar comes into his apartment his mom hysterical He walks into his room and locks the door He looks at his newspaper clippings of murders and seems sad He sees a taxi leaving outside it s carrying Eli We see him put his hand to the window then withdraw it the handprint on the window fading away Cut to winter shots Close up of Oskar sleepinglooking out the window A phone rings he goes to answer it it s Martin the kid in the bully gang a kid who was asking if he was coming to his strengthening class Oskar doesn t think so Cut to martin encouraging Oskar to come to practice It is one of the bullies He s is trying to be friendly saying it was a good thing what he d done to Connor the bully the rest of the bullies are outside the phone booth saying he was a good actor over the phone cut to the kids outside had been burning something Martin tells the teacher about the fire the teacher runs outside leaving Oskar alone with Martin who jokingly takes the teachers place Oskar smiles at Martin who smiles back Cut to Conny s older brother Jimmy comes in telling everyone to get out Jimmy pulls out a shiv He tells Oskar that he better stay under of the water for three minutes and it s just a scratch if he comes up before it ll be his eye The older brother holds Oskar s head under water 15 Tuesday May 6 2014 The older brother Jimmy tells his younger brother Conny to shut up even when Conny and Martin express uncertainty we hold on Oskar underwater as screams are heard blearily as if you re hearing them from under water The older brother s head is seen floating down into the pool Then shoes are seen dragging through the pool Then the older brother s hand loosens and floats away as we see Oskar not move cut to Eli pulls Oskar gently from the water We only see her eyes not her mouth and she smiles back at Oskar cut to Oskar on a train alone He is tapping a cardboard box their secret knock Eli is in the box end Lecture 16 Film Let the Right One In was remade into a terrible remake see link on gauchospace for Let Me In commentary a problem with it no more ambiguity at all the child abuse pedophilia sexless Eli etc aren t in it Let the Right One In myth of vampire teenager sexual ambiguity of youth ambiguous desire t s popular nowadays used to be vampires were evil and ugly myth of vampire has had been adapted so much monster romance spoofs is according to one reviewer the Best Vampire Movie Ever movie shows obvious signs that people are vampires blood must be invited can become vampire after being bitten sexless this film was adapted by the novel Let the Right One In The author of book adapted the book to the movie much more things happened in the novel Eli s protector becomes a protagonist after his fall in the book he becomes a vampire and survives the fall I6 17 Tuesday May 6 2014 Movie revolves around relationship bt Oskar a bullied child and Eli a young girl who has a protector with whom she has an unethical relationship with In the book the man is an outright pedophile yet Eli controls the relationship and does not let him touch her Eli is a castrated young boy Theme Sweden in snow isolation alcoholism at the brink with Soviet Russia on their doorstep Set in a few decades ago as marked by the Rubix cube Everyone is an outcast and abusing themselves Oskar pitiful so pale looks like he has a lot of snot coming from his nose unheathy he looks fairly vampiric himself Clip opening sequence we see half screen filled with falling snow we hear sound bridge of Oskar saying Squeal like a pig cut to Oskar in the reflection of the window in his room We see his reflection which shows that he isn t a vampire but looks like a ghost We see him with his shirt off showing how skinny and pale white he is The movie doesn t explain him saying squeal like a pig was a result of his candy gorging that s why bullies picked on him However the film doesn t explain it bc it doesn t matter The bullies themselves are neglected and abused They seem to not be taken care of Back to clip Arrival of Eli and her protector Hakan Eli is humming The color red is introduced by a red dot of a light on the car s dashboard red is a motif back to clip we see Oskar put his hand on the window then take it off and see the mark fade away Oskar notices the car that Eli arrives in We see him pick up a knife the knife motif comes from the beginning Oskar is clearly portrayed as a budding sociopsychopath Oskar and Eli s relationship shared fears shared survival shared isolation abandonment Sado masochistic relationship When Oskar takes Eli s previous protector s place the cycle of dependency and abuse begins over again other motifs snow impaired vision through windows glass skewed POV Oskar lying down languishly The camera pries into his own privacy almost predator like 18 Tuesday May 6 2014 Blood of first man trickling down highly detailed Red color sweaters whoever wears red will be attacked red parts of decor Oskar s plastic toy when going to visit his father often strange unmotivated view points of the camera Every time we see a conversation unbalanced composition heads cut off by the frame other person s body in the way the composition sometimes shows how something wrong is going on ie when Hakan is discovered and tips the acid onto his face we see Hakan on the left side and the discovered kid on the right side w a big black partition in the middle Hakan has done hideous things but he is wiling to do the ultimate sacrifice by pouring acid on himself when discovered he is obviously conflicted Notion of gender identity formation how does a teenager form an identity doesn t matter to Eli she is a forever entity Oskar offering his own blood Eli transforms very quickly into a monster she s on all fours she looks vulnerability at times is vulnerable and very dangerous dangerous when she is most weak from bloodlust the group of four people the 3 men and Virginia Stand for everything that is wrong with the town cat shut in abusive and alcoholic Lacke etc Landmarks around the town show that the town isn t all that big lots of racking focus changing the focus from foreground to back ground etc Often used around Eli she s suspended in the world When Oskar tests Eli on her coming in she takes a shower she become hygenic Then we see Eli s castrated privates it s so quick we don t see and don t want to see Such backstory is made unclear but it is not important she survived but she is pitiful and won t change High angle on Lacke coming in to kill Eli Oskar makes his choice and saves Eli Scene with the pool sound patternframing pattern everything is restricted to Oskar s perception we only hear what Oskar would be hearing Payoff of the red motif Oskar has made his decision he leaves on the train and does the secret knock that means kiss in morse code This is the kid s game their relationship Oskar now the new caretaker Tuesday May 6 2014 Hope they will make it bc the world in which these serial killers are is worse that what they are We want them to get away despite the fact they will continue the same killing pattern Doesn t have anything to do with blood substitutes will be murder continuity functional mistakes Many jumps in the story gaps that doesn t explain some backstory disunity Most movies we go to see at the theaters are genre movies outdated genres Westerns musicals melodramas coming back sentimental over the top feelings genres cinematic formulas that have endured fill a particular needs types of stories codified by the kinds of charactersdrama that appear in them films add to the visual aspect Advertising can use tropes of genre to sell merchandise Western tropes used for promotional ad Elements of genre are Functional celebrate fundamental cultural values resolves social tensions Conventions of Genres dualistic repetitive cumulative predictable nostalgic symbolic values Charles Altman Puritanical attitude towards entertainment Thomas Schatz language analogy semiotics the grammar of the film language model fields of reference particular settings values ideology cultural context Genres of Order settings are specific western gangster Genres of Integration 19 Tuesday May 6 2014 doesn t matter where it takes place integration of the people who otherwise wouldn t be together ie musicals Singing in the Rain need revelation for characters to come together Horror Why is it so popular Documentary The American Nightmare 20 Directed by Adam Simon shots of different gruesome corpses horror films creepy circumstances violence real violence against youth or blacks war in Vietnam call about getting nuclear weapons shots of soldier justifying the dead bodies by saying it s protection against communism continued clips and voices showing and speaking horrible things keep saying you ve got to get the President on the phone cut to different horror movie workers George Romero John Carpenter and Tom Savini and David Gronenberg and Wes Craven they were introduced and are filmmakers about horror stories We see them tell their stories throughout the documentary Tobe Hooper says he shot this stuff then 20 yrs later found out what it really meant Tom Gunning talks about how cinema becomes a ghost images of people long dead First was received as immortality then ultimately it just delivers ghosts a representation of the past Not someone who lives forever but whose shadow has been caught and forced to repeat the same gestures over and over again condemned to repetitive Another director Tom Savini talks about how he made models of monsters another man described how he d change the channels watch a horror movie until it got too scary and change channels again as a kid In Frankenstein children would write letters saying they re sorry for the monster amp that s what the director wanted Even though Frankenstein was a killer made up of dead bodies Kids who got enthusiastic about frankenstein old zombie films etc Zombies blue collar kind of monster was us only dead On director remembers how the night of the living dead starred a black guy and how he was so impressed However critics tore night of the living dead a apart but film directors loved it they said it was a great film Tuesday May 6 2014 How the threat doesn t seem like a threat then suddenly it is first one to have a reality and gritty feel to it Why is it worse to be killed and eaten than just killed goes back to primal infantile fears idea of family values as a young girl zombie kills fathermother also an analogy for lynchingsfreedom marchescivil rights struggle idea from horror movies come from very real social dynamics in the real world can have devastating consequences that isn t actually real but addresses real life scenariosconsequences when night of the living dead was about to be released they heard the Martin Luther King had died then shattered faith on what was going on such as when Kennedy was shot too Entire nation was repeatedly traumatized and lots of conspiracy theories of those kinds of assassinations and events Vietnam everyone or almost everyone was affected by the war and its horrific consequences the makeup artist Tom Savini recounts his time in Vietnam He remembers how he was scared the whole after coming from a time when he would make people scared in his work He was always practicing his makeup effect over there but when he saw gore in Vietnam they had to turn off their emotions he says he used the idea of a camera looking at the gore through a camera and the gore was special effect was able to look at bonebloodgeography Seeing what he d have to do to recreate the scene If it s going to be horrible it s going to be horrible the way he saw it but not in real life fear every writerdirector brings some experience of hisher day into the scriptmovie Think what kind of films do we watch today what do we watch in your spare time how does that reflect on what s going on in our society Thursday May 8 2014 Lecture 17 Documentaries The Fog of War Eleven Lessons from the Life of Robert S McNamara 21 Thursday May 8 2014 film maker tries to evoke there collections of the protagonist and structures film around these recollections Movie notes 22 opening footage of man McNamara giving a presentation with a chart He asks the tv are you ready cut to soldiers on a boat this is interspersed with opening credits on a black screen cross cutting bt soldiers on a boat looking out on ocean w title credits montage of soldiers planning their route communicating over technology preparing for war we hear the opening music sequence over this see soldiers putting together a bomb see soldiers putting the bomb into the ship sound bridge interviewee McNamara making sure that his voice is loud enough jump cut same guy McNamara says any military officers will admit he s made mistakes in his position of power and through those mistakes he s killed innocent people conventional wisdom don t make the same mistake learn from mistake he says those officers never destroyed a nation but with nuclear weapons you make one mistake and you destroy nations he recollects his time in war he was secretary of defense during Vietnam war he says now at 85 he can look back and derive conclusion about his actions try to learn try to understand what happened to develop the lessons and try to pass them on this interview was cross cutter with views of soldiers jumping out on parachutes cut to an old news reel talking about McNamara an overvoice talking about the Secretary of defense 23 Thursday May 8 2014 more montage of newspaper clippings and close ups of words describing McNamara including cold whiz kid brilliant cut to President Kennedy s gift to McNamara inscribed on which the years of the cold war Lesson 1 empathize with your enemy cut to a looking glass looking at pictures air plane pictures Newspaper announcing the Blockade of Cuba clips of army tanks traveling and radio announcements and mobilizing submarines air planes an over voice of McNamara saying the steps of action plan they re going to take then question what their path will be after they strike Cube he warns there ll be great danger to US McNamara continues to narrate him and Kennedy wanted to stay out of Cuba but the general that McNamara was under wanted to go in and destroy Cuba shot of tank shooting and explosion McNamara recalls two messages given to them one urging them to invade Cuba and the other threatening against going into Cuba hard message vs soft message Over voice of Kennedy saying we re probably not going to get the weapons out of Cuba by negotiation Thompson didn t want to invade Cuba he would have told them that Kennedy would have moved in and the opposition would shave backed down In the interview jump cuts someone who sounded far away interrupts the interviewer The camera angle on McNamara is skewed The interruptor reminds him of the Bay of Pigs Cut to a type writer typing out the response of the US to Cuba weapon building he talks about the logic of war if people do not display wisdom they will clash and the mutual annihilation will commence montage of rockets 24 Thursday May 8 2014 Lesson 2 rationality will not save us McNamara at the the end we lucked out We came very close every world elders at the time was rational and they came so close to mutual destruction the danger is still present today cut to camera seeing bustling streets fast forwarded then imposed upon American street with a slowmotion other country street he talks how one nation could be destroy by one human being cut to 1992 that s when he learned how many war heads were on the Cuban land and he couldn t believe what he was hearing he was shocked He called for a stop of Kennedy what Kennedy was thinking when he ordered a strike against Cuba McNamara recalls it as a time he thought the brink came so close Idea was to confront them while the US had greater weapon superiority in technology Certain they could retain that advantage Apparently there were plans to test nuclear weapons behind the moon McNamara said that on 3 separate occasions they came within a hair breadth away from war with the Soviet Union he called it a hot war there were so many weapons testing shots of nuclear war bomb going off and air plane pilot looking out on the red honzon cut to 1918 men with children pictures of babies he says his earliest memory was in 1918 talking about the end of World War 1 the belief that they d fought a war to end all wars the dream was the world could avoid war in the future disputes among great nations could be resolved 25 Thursday May 8 2014 he also remembered at the time there was a flu epidemic thousands of Americans were dying His grade school was a wooden shack and the teacher would seat kids according to their test grades he recalls how his classmates tried to beat him in school but didn t do it very often cut to an old interview of young McNamara talking about what it takes to appear before Congress McNamara was asked by the interviewer if he d ever been wrong before he said yes McNamara had gone to Berkeley he recalls the great depression says had Roosevelt not done several things it could have gotten really violent Lesson 3 There s something beyond one s self he recalls the college courses his Philosophy courses stress on those class that there s something beyond oneself there s something that includes a responsibility to one s society he recalls how he how he courted and proposed to a woman at the end of the year they had their first child and how that was some of the happiest days of their lives and then the war came cut from pictures of hims nd his home life to army tanks marching air lane propellors and tank assemblage The Statistical control of the air force found their personnel found who will staff them to look for the best and the brightest and the best judgement this is told over shots of air planes releasing bombs Bombing by day light loss was very high the abort rate was 20 they d turn around before reaching their target they analyzed why realized the pilots were aborting out of fear since the pilots knew that there were such high casualty rates Thursday May 8 2014 One commander for air plane pilots was one of the finest but extremely brutal he said he d be in the lead plane and any plane that aborted would be court marshaled the abort rate dropped over night cut to shots of the radio as we hear news of the draft enlisting men to fight lesson 4 Maximize efficiency shots of the introduction of the new airplane the B29 showing assemblage lines the B29 could bomb from much higher and thought to destroy targets much more efficiently he was assigned to the first B29 s they flew to China bases he recalled how the air fields in China were built on Chinese labor images of the Chinese labor workers creating the flight base They were meant to fly back and forth for fuel not very efficient until they figured out how to fix the problem which lead to many air strikes against Japan montage of maps loading bombs and getting planes in flying condition He recalls how the air plane leader LaMay was focused only on target destruction McNamara remembered he only focused on the loss of his crew per unit of target destruction He recalled in a single night they d burned to death a hundred thousand Japanese civilians when asked if he was aware that it was join to happen McNamara replied he was part of the organization that recommended it he d analyzed bombing operations to make them more efficient in terms of weakening the adversary images of data typewritten on paper with pictures of bombings he said they could bombs more but the accuracy was less 26 Thursday May 8 2014 He wrote reports that certainly suggested to LaMay to change to bomb with fire bombs to cause maximum damage montage of pictures of data and devastated bomb cities McNamara interviewed the air plane pilots who were angry that LaMay had called for the plans to fly from way high up to avoid casualties and they were ordered to fly much lower for more damage LaMay said well to a captain angry at losing his wingman LaMay said you lost a wingman And it hurts But we destroyed Tokyo Tokyo was devastated Shots from the captains looking at maps on Japan and then footage of the devastation of Tokyo Lesson 5 Proportionality should be a guideline in war McNamara said the issue is in order to win the war you needed the fire bombs to kill a hundred thousand civilians was better than sending in US soldiers to get slaughtered LaMay went on to bomb so many more cities They list and show so many cities with their proportionality to US cities like 50 of LA was the amount of people killed in a city in Japan he said that according to the objectives they were trying to achieve you couldn t look at such proportionality McNamara says he doesn t fault Truman for dropping the bomb the Japanese war was so devastating he says there wasn t a rule of war saying you shouldn t burn thousands of civilians LaMay said that had they lost the war they would have been persecuted as war criminals what makes it amoral if you lose and moral if you win close up of his face not talking as his over voice goes on he talks of how they he and LaMay were acting as war criminals cut to 1964 27 Thursday May 8 2014 Lyndon B Johnson he asked for a dictation of the report for what is happening in Vietnam McNamara recommends to the president that frankly they don t know what s going on in Vietnam but it is disturbing hat they do know Johnson asks for better plans than what they got Johnson says he wants to kill the people in Vietnam and McNamara says he ll try to find plans that meets that objective cut to interviewer asking Johnson about the Vietnam war he says first he s got to go back to 19445 shots of celebrations of the end of World War 2 McNamara and his wife were both in the hospital on that day he couldn t have paid hospital bills if he went back to Harvard so he took tests to work for assembly lines of Ford assembly lines Lesson 6 Get the data so he took charge in trying to get the Ford automobile company from crashing their stocks McNamara said he found out who was buying the cars doctors lawyers college deans etc he figured that maybe there was a market they were missing The made a more economical car and it was a success shots of the car of people looking into the Ford dealership window McNamara got data on accidents he said there were a lot of accidents Mostly due to human error and mechanical failure they said there wasn t much they could learn much about mechanical failure data and he disagreed The Cornell laboratories said if they could package eggs in certain containers without breaking that could make the difference lots of shots of eggs dropping they did a lot of tests on how to save people from dying in car wrecks 28 Thursday May 8 2014 they introduced seat belts padded interiors etc Everyone was opposed to the seat belt even though those who did use them saved their lives pictures of dropping skulls with padding around them cut to a commercial for new cars cut to 1960 McNamara had become the first president of Ford McNamara first one to be president outside of the Ford clammily after several weeks he quit He d been given the position of secretary of treasury then the secretary of defense McNamara said he wasn t qualified for it McNamara says that he met with the President and how the secret service took him to the President He meets with Kennedy Kennedy asked him to be Secretary of Defense and says he ll announce it right now They announced it immediately the television crew were right outside McNamara left the Ford dealership at great personal sacrifice They lost money but he said all members of his household benefitted from it that those were the happiest years although his wife and son got ulcers and wife may have later died from the stress of it Kennedy was about to pull out of Vietnam when suddenly there was a coup in south Vietnam Shots of the coup then shot of Kennedy at a press conference when McNamara remembers how he learned of Kennedy being shot Kennedy isn t speaking he s just looking calmly at the camera it s in slow mo as McNamara gets emotional about how he hears of Kennedy s assassination McNamara recalls how they went to look for a spot to see the cemetery he d decided on the spot that McNamara chose for Kennedy to be buried Lyndon Johnson speech he pledges to do his best 29 Thursday May 8 2014 three months after JFK s death more newsreel recordings Johnson refuses to withdraw from Vietnam he wants to go in and kill more Vietnamese Conversations bt Johnson and McNamara on Vietnam Lesson 7 belief and seeing are both often wrong 1964 shots of boats Maddox ship reported it was attacked by vietnamese war boat they didn t end up responding were criticized about it another ship said they were being attacked as well They tried to figure out what was happening They weren t entirely sure if they were attacked then later reported yes they were McNamara reported it to Johnson who sent bombs off the Vietnam Johnson wrote the Tonkin Resolution later realized a lot of the torpedo attacks weren t actually torpedo attacks on the Maddocks McNamara says they hadn t actually been attacked however one ship had actually been attacked shots of dominoes on a map McNamara talks of the escalation of US attacks on Vietnam Dominoes represent how their mistakes based on only part of what they see in war result in harsh qcpnseqeuunces shots of bombings rolling thunder and maps of strategies etc 1965 Johnson talking about bombing the Vietnamese Shots of bombs being moved Johnson orders soldiers to go onto Vietnamese land McNamara handled that announcement so it d garner the least attention 30 Thursday May 8 2014 Newspapers saying the drafts were doubled More announcements of how many Americans have died in Vietnam how terrible conditions they ve facing in Vietnam a younger McNamara talks from an old reel tape warns against putting more people in Vietnam McNamara being interviewed said in the Cuba missiles they had put themselves in the skin of the opposition and understood them but in Vietnam they didn t know the opposition didn t see the same war as the opposition saw it as US saw Vietnam as an element of the Cold war not what Vietnamese saw it as an element of a civil war 1995 McNamara says there aren t many occurrences when bringing past oppositions together and discussing what could have been McNamara visited Vietnam and met the old Vietnamese leader McNamara proposed it could have been resolved but the Vietnamese leader said that the Americans didn t understand that the Vietnamese weren t the pawns of the Chinese they were fighting a civil war and americans were fighting to enslave them lesson 8 be prepared to reevaluate your reasoning McNamara says how none of their Allies had supported them in Vietnam he said they should have reexamined their reasoning considering their own allies didn t back them up there old news announcement of the death casualty in Vietnam montage of data and pictures of those killed and tragedies pictures got faster and faster until you re overwhelmed with so may tragedy stop on McNamara interviewed face interviewer asks if he felt he was responsible for things out of his control McNamara reports he was serving the president in the interest of the people shots of McNamara touring military sites 31 Thursday May 8 2014 Lesson 9 In order to do good you may have to engage in evil voice over of McNamara asking what is morally appropriate in a war time environment he says when he was secretary they used a chemical that stripped leaves off of trees he asked if those in charge of authorizing the chemical that was later so toxic and caused deaths he said there was no list of which chemicals you can use in war and which you cannot he said he wouldn t have authorized illegal weapons but what was illegal in war McNamara recalls how one protestor burned himself to death in protestation against the Vietnam war beneath McNamara s office window McNamara claims he believes in the idea that humans should stop killing each other He talks of how war is cruel war is cruelty and in order to save the nation they were willing to do whatever was necessary and how that is a difficult position to be in fifty thousand people came to Washington to demonstrate against the war troops stopped protestors from marching on the pentagon shots of protestor fights conflict interviewer asks McNamara what effect did the protests have on this thinking McNamara said his thinking wasn t changed they were in the cold war and it was a cold war activity Newspapers describing McNamara now called McNamara s War dictator nogood arrogant ignorant etc Lesson 10 never say never cut to an old interview with McNamara saying that US military is showing substantial progress voice over McNamara over shots of his old self doing press response he says never say never and to never answer the question that was asked of you respond to the question you wished was asked of you interviewer asked old McNamara who was responsible for the Vietnam war McNamara responds that it s the president s responsibility 32 Thursday May 8 2014 he believes had Kennedy lived it would have been different shot of photographs of McNamara and Johnson at odds with one another To this day he said he wasn t sure if he quit or was fired on account of being at odds with Johnson One person had told him of course he was fired McNamara told Johnson the course they were on in Vietnam was wrong they had to reduce casualties etc shot of different operations of soldiers going into Vietnam after sending in his recommendation he never heard from Johnson Rumors that McNamara was undergoing a mental breakdown wasn t true when he left service that was the end of his career after Johnson awarded McNamara the medal of freedom at the White house Johnson was warm in his comments towards McNamara old film of McNamara responding to his award he couldn t find words to respond properly now he says had he responded he would have said many people would have thought that Johnson had kept many things to himself didn t be very forthcoming but that he kept the best interests of the people at heart he had a reason for doing what he did in his mind After McNamara after he left Johnson said he couldn t continue in Vietnam final report of those that died in Vietnam shots of the memorial of those who died cut to the dominoes that had fallen on the map Over voice of McNamara saying how historians don t really like to deal with why might have been the dominoes go backwards into their standing up position McNamara says now what he s doing is thinking through with hindsight he said he s sorry he s made errors Lesson 11 you can t change human nature cut to shots of a man walking away people on a street McNamara voice over we all make mistakes Military commanders admit to mistakes 33 Thursday May 8 2014 a wonderful phrase the fog of war means war is so complex it s beyond the ability of the human mind to understand all the variables our understanding is not adequate and we kill people unnecessarily President Wilson had said we d won the war to end all wars in WW1 McNamara said he s not so simplistic to believe we could end war you can t change human nature it isn t that we aren t rational we are but reason has limits shots of war machine guns bombs with only the beginning written on it McNamara says a quote from ts eliot we shall not cease from exploring and from the end of exploration we will return and know the place where we started that s the place McNamara finds himself now McNamara was asked why after he left why didn t he protest the Vietnam war he says he wouldn t answer that that a lot of people misunderstood his actions the interviewer asked if he felt guilty of the war McNamara said he wouldn t answer that that war was so complex he agrees with the interviewer that you re damned if you do and damned if you don t He said yeah I d rather be damned if I don t since his retirement he continues to work on world poverty and economic problems end 34
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'