Week 2 Notes
Week 2 Notes POL 106
Popular in U.S. Goverment & Civic Practice
Popular in Political Science
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Elizabeth Pacheco -Vargas on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to POL 106 at Illinois State University taught by Anthony Nigliaccio in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 81 views. For similar materials see U.S. Goverment & Civic Practice in Political Science at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 09/04/15
Politics 106 Keeping the Republic Chapter 3 The English Settlers V Colonists left England for many reasons 0 To escape feudalism and for the opportunity to own land 0 For economic opportunities 0 To practice religion freely Political Participation in the Colonies V Property qualifications for voting were less restrictive than in England because many more pe0ple owned land V Religious qualifications for voting were much more restrictive than property qualifications V Women weren t officially excluded from voting until the Revolution 0 Most could vote if they owned property and there were no males in the household Additionally many widows could vote Conflict between England and the Colonies England The Colonists V Wanted colonists to help pay V Unfair taxation such as the for the French and Indian War Sugar and Tea Acts V Colonists rejected offers of V Tyrannical monarch ignored representation in Parliament colonists civil liberties V England funded the venture V Colonists believed in popular of sending them to the New sovereignty World yet was faced with V Lack of oversight and numerous complaints management The Declaration of Independence V Informed England that the colonists no longer accepted England s authority of them V Its author Thomas Jefferson was influenced by Locke s belief in the social contract as well as natural rights such as life liberty and property V The Declaration listed numerous complaints and informed the King that the colonies were no longer part of England 0 Jefferson had to make the case why this revolution was just but others were not 0 Many colonists wanted to remain loyal to England Life after the Revolution V Although the colonists won the Revolutionary War not everyone s life changed 0 African Americans oz Still remained enslaved in the South slave trade con nued 0 Native Americans 0 Continued to lose land 0 Women 0 Lost the ability to vote and also lost the previous limited opportunities to participate in politics The Articles of Confederation V The first Constitution of the United States V Established a firm league of friendship V Created a confederacy giving power to the states V Federal government had few powers and limited ability to carry out those powers Provisions in the Articles V A national government with a Congress empowered to 0 Make peace 0 Coin money 0 Appoint officers for an army 0 Control the post office 0 Negotiate with Indian tribes V One vote in the Continental Congress for each state regardless of size V The vote of nine states to pass any measure amendments had to be unanimous V Delegates selected to the Congress by their respective state legislatures V Because of the fear of a tyrannical ruler no executive was created and the national government was quite weak Problems with the Articles V No executive to administer V No power to tax without states consent o This made it difficult to do anything like establish a national army without money so the new country was unable to adequately defend itself 0 Congress could pass laws but had little power to execute or enforce them V No authority to regulate commerce 0 Trade between states became chaotic because states were using their own money 0 Continental dollars were worth nothing The Constitutional Convention V Described as an assembly of demigods V Called to revise the Articles of Confederation after concern over Shays Rebellion V Meetings held in secret V Created a whole new government V Major debate remained over how much power the federal government should have Two Competing Plans for the Constitution The Virginia Plan The New Jersey Plan V Bicameral legislature V Unicameral legislature V Representation in both V Equal representation in both chambers based on chambers population V Representatives elected by V One house elected by the state legislatures people one house elected by V Multiperson executive state legislatures V Favored by small states V Single executive chosen by Congress V Favored by large states The Great Compromise V Bicameral legislature 0 House of Representatives based on population and chosen by the pe0ple 0 Senate based on equal representation and chosen by the state legislatures V Single executive chosen by the Electoral College V Federal court system V Each states has its own legislature and court system Other Compromises V ThreeFifths Compromise o Counted threefifths of a state s slave population for purposes of representation in the House of Representatives Each slave counted as threefifths of a person Bill of Rights 0 This was a list of ten things the government could not do it was written to protect citizens individual rights 0 Many historians contend that it was written only to appease the AntiFederalists The Battle over Ratification Federalists AntiFederalists V Supported ratification of the V Opposed ratification of the Constitution Constitution V Wanted strong central V Wanted states to have power government over the federal government V Concerned about security V Corruption best kept in check and order at the local level V Examples Madison V Examples Samuel Adams Hamilton Jay Patrick Henry The Federalist Papers V Written by Madison Hamilton and Jay under the pen name Publius V Called for ratification of the Constitution V Published in New York papers to persuade legislators to ratify the Constitution V Among the best known Federalist Nos 10 51 and 78 Federalist No 10 V Madison warned against dangers of factions o The causes of factions cannot be controlled that infringes on liberty must control the effects of factions V A republic could best control factions 0 Representation would dilute the effects of factions o A large territory would make it difficult for one faction to become a majority and it would be difficult for people who shared common interests to find each other Ratification of the Constitution V Required support of nine of the thirteen state legislatures V Small states were quick to support the Constitution because of the inclusion of the Senate V Eventually all thirteen states rati ed it Rhode Island was the last in 1790 V The process involved very heated political battles and passage was a hardwon victory
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