Week Three Notes: The Rise of Moscow
Week Three Notes: The Rise of Moscow History 325
Popular in Russia to 1881
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by KatieAlbritton on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to History 325 at University of North Carolina - Wilmington taught by Dr. Susan McCaffray in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 59 views. For similar materials see Russia to 1881 in History at University of North Carolina - Wilmington.
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Date Created: 09/04/15
Week Three Notes The Rise of Moscow Katie Albritton Study Soup The Rise of Moscow Nevskii39s grandsons Lurii Danilovich Grand Prince of Moscow 13191325 First time G P rules from Moscow Ivan 1 Grand Prince of Moscow 13251341 Wins direct right to collect taxes Kalita moneybags Ivan Kalita Mongols operate through Rus princes Humiliation confrontation cultural mixing Beginning of reconsolidation of Rus Subordinate the powerful Attract the loyalty of the people Explicit relationship with the church and the Mongols Do not tax the church Church is a giant land lord People migrate to church land Two Kinds of Powerful Princes Holders of princely titletown within Kievan system Members of the Rurikovid Clan Boiars Armed retainers of the various princes Held their own land independent of princes Votchina Hereditary land tenure Subordinating the Powerful Princes Pomestie Conditional land tenure opposite of Votchina War Tver and Novgorod Carrot and Stick Boiars Votchina Mestnichestvo System of family precedence 14th15th 0 List of Boiar families in order of their acceptance of prince39s authority Order in which goodies are doled out Carrot Building a Constituency Monarch makes himself useful to the people Provide services Orderly court system Fines and court system Who can dispense justice Boss Protection from invaders Opportunities for commoners to serve the prince Working for the prince Kormlenie Receiving land conditionally Pomestie By 1500 most princes and lesser gentry were on Pomestie service land tenure Boiars still independent Relationship with the church The Metropolitan Moves to Moscow from Vladimir 1325 Peter Church position enhanced during Mongol centuries Grand Prince invited Metropolitan Peter to live in Moscow Biggest sin of Russians is disunity Reunify country Throw out Mongols Becomes very wealthy Moscow and its Kremlin City Wall Church and Prince invest energy into Kremlin Center of religious practice Church of the Assumption Rulers crowned here Political authority Iconostasis Pillars covered in icons Church attracts people Holy TrinitySt Sergei Monastery Sergei of Radonezh 13221392 Hermit Formally a monastery by 1377 Goes on north of Moscow Loved nature friends with animals Poverty is exemplery Working for the Mongols Ivan Kalita 13251341 Tax farming What can you do with the money Primogeniture Roundrobin system dead Oldest son becomes next prince Greatgrandson Dmitri Donskoi 13591389 Refused tribute battle with the Mongols Moscow39s victory at Kulikovo Field Sept 8 1380 Mamai Khan Tokhtamysh Khan The prayers of St Sergei Holy Trinity Monastery Reimposition of tribute burning of Moscow 1382 Dmitri of the Don Mongol grip weakening PolandLithuania Europe in the 13th century Lithuania among last to adopt Christianity Poland is Catholic Fourteenth Century Poland Elected monarchy Roman Catholic Casimir the Great 13331370 Invitation to the Jews Blamed for plague Hard workers loyal to King Casimir Interest in spreading Catholicism Need to acquire Lithuania Lithuania Pagan Military expansion Acquires Kiev from Mongols 1366 PolandLithuania Polish princess J adwiga Lithuanian king J agiello J ogaila Marry 1385 Conversion of Lithuania Part of the West SlavicCatholic world 14thl7th c A region U kraine At the Edge Aristocratic V Monarchic principle Elite adopts Catholicism Many common folk remain Orthodox Ukrainian language evolves