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Week 1 of History Notes

by: William Bartek

Week 1 of History Notes HIST 1500 - 01

William Bartek
Discovering World History
Autumn Dolan

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About this Document

This is the first real week of notes, but the second week of school. It covers ancient Egypt and Bronze age intercommunication.
Discovering World History
Autumn Dolan
Class Notes
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by William Bartek on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1500 - 01 at University of Missouri - Columbia taught by Autumn Dolan in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Discovering World History in History at University of Missouri - Columbia.


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Date Created: 09/04/15
History 1500 Week 1 of Notes Ancient Egypt amp International Bronze Age Egypt Gift of the Nile Herodotus Ancient Egypt River Economy amp Culture Heavy surplus of food due to Nile floods River boats allowed quick travel along the river communication grew Rich grasslands surrounded by desert high security from foreign invaders Political Stability Primarily rural society Main Periods Old Kingdom 2680 2200 Middle Kingdom 2040 1720 New Kingdom 1550 1150 Each kingdom separated by intermediate periods of power struggle Old Kingdom Upper and lower Egypt unite Religious views expand o Gods are benevolent and in all facets of nature I Theriomorpic Gods Gods taking on animal form 0 Household gods I Taworet Childbirth Goddess I Bes Childbirthmilitary 0 Regional amp occupational patrons Worldview o Heavily influenced by religion and the Nile s flood patterns 0 Fraternal Frictions Osiris Order and Seth Chaos I Represents the periods of stability and anarchy during Egyptian history 0 Ma at Philosophical idea of all thing s good order truth etc I The king sjob was to preserve Ma at Kingship 0 Egyptian king is a god of gods I Son of Ra I Embodiment of Horus o Ma at and Kingship are crucially tied together 0 Pyramids 0 Royal burial complexes 0 First pyramids built to King Djoser 2668 2649 o Giza Pyramids 2600 0 Administration amp Bureaucracy o Redistributive economy redistributes surplus among the populace o Bureaucracy I Vizier Steward to king quotJafar from Aladdin I Nomes amp their Nomarchs Separate mini governances Kinda like states amp governors I Priests Educated and respected advisors to the king I Royal and noble distinctions in society 0 Science and math 0 Engineering skills pyramids 0 Astronomy created the solar calander 0 Medicine I Incantations for religious healing I Also had practical healing for broken bones casts herbal medicine 0 Daily Life 0 Artisans were highly prized 0 Not a slave economy 0 Women held a lot more equality in marriage and courts than we see in other parts of the world Collapse of the Old Kingdom 0 Droughts amp famine made people mistrust king faiure to uphold Ma at 0 First intermediate period 0 Change in worldviews o Afterlife amp final judgement 0 Book of the Dead Middle Kingdom 0 Restoration centered in Thebes 0 Political landscapes shift 0 King becomes quotshepherd of his people not god 0 Noble power increases 0 Trade amp Diplomacy 0 Trade connections I Levant Minoan Crete and Mesopotamia o Gained control of Kush Nubia modern Sudan I Nexus of African trade I Fortified trade hub 0 Immigration increased as Egypt became a global stability icon I As immigration grew so too did the mistrust of foreigners Hyksos o 1720 1650 Second intermediate period 0 Semitic people Hyksos began invading o Assimilation Began taking Egyptian names and gods 0 Changes 0 Brought the bronze age to Egypt 0 Bronze age brings war 0 Administration and imperial stability introduced New Kingdom 0 Pharaoh Ahmose 0 Egyptian identity and expansion 0 quotThe people native Egyptians 0 Military superiority taken from Hyksos example 0 Conquest I Palestine and Canaan 1504 1425 I Nubia 1500 o Bureaucracy Vizier handled infrastructure and treasury Local administrators Officially call the king by the title Pharaoh Imperial continuity overrules gender roles 000 I Hathshepsut Female regent turned Pharaoh I When son came to power tried to erase his mother s legacy Religious Revolution 0 Amenhotem IV 1351 1334 o Switches to monotheism Aten Solar disk behind Ra s head Sun 0 Changes his name to Akhenated quotServant of Aten o Monotheistic Declaration 0 Why I Bring about cultural idea of a single ruler in power I Strengthen status of the ruler I Political maneuver to undermine priest s power in politics 0 Didn t work Son King Tutenkhamun reverses his father s reformations New Kingdom Power and Decline o Ramses II o Regained power in Canaan o Puts kingship on display 0 Decline amp political chaos International Bronze Age Bronze Age Mediterranean Minoan Crete o Maritime economy 0 2600 BCE Evidence of trade with Egypt 0 Language Linear A no one able to translate o 1700 BCE Palace culture at Knossos Culture and Demise o Matriarchy or patriarchy Evidence points to either or 0 Military no evidence of siege defense 0 Then again might be a mainly naval military 0 1400 BCE Mysterious demise Bronze Age Greeks amp Mycenaeans o Kingdoms on mainland Greece 0 Palace centered economy 0 Archeological evidence 0 Burial sites 0 Commercial routes Armana Letters 0 Nearly 370 cuneform tablets 0 Between Pharaoh amp Canaan client states Near East Hittie Empire 0 ndoEuropeans from Anatolia o Pushed into Syria amp Canaan 0 War with Egypt 0 Battle of Kadesh 1274 BCE I Turned into a battle of attrition I Empires started looking to alternatives to war Hittite Culture 0 quotLand of a Thousand Gods 0 Cultural transmission 0 Thought to be the first historians Hittite Technology Iron and Steel o Origins of the iron age 0 Mostly ceremonial Kassites amp Assyrians o Kassite Babylon 1530 1155 o Assyrian expansion Imperial Diplomacy and Trade o Diplomacy became a sign of power 0 Diplomatic ritual 0 Specific ways to write letters and endearments o Formalized gift giving 0 Economic protectors Imperial Networks Conquest and Client States o Conquest amp imperial power dominated this period 0 War as a business became normal 0 Client states provided many benefits to the conqueror 0 Annual tribute 0 Auxiliary troops Bronze Age Culture o Commonalities 0 Almost all these cultures are palace systems power left in a few hands I Isolated luxury I Royal advantage


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