Week 2 Class Notes-History
Week 2 Class Notes-History Hist 1111
Popular in Survey of World History to 1500
Popular in History
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lina Stoilova on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1111 at Georgia State University taught by Carolyn M. Zimmerman in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 107 views. For similar materials see Survey of World History to 1500 in History at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 09/04/15
Week 2 notes gt Paleolithic Cultures Tools created for survival have evolved throughout 1 million years in Ethiopia Their brains along with their arms legs and torsos grew much larger over time Traveled around only to warm temperature countries to avoid the cold weather Because of low sea level people were capable of walking from one continent to another Consisted of only small groups when traveling Networks 0 Made it equal for everyone no higher powers 0 Exchanged symbolic goods ex Art 0 External 0 Consensual A type of glass created by and found in only volcanoes Discovered them spread out for a few miles which means people had used them for trade and when traveling Hierarchies O Higher powers 0 Built human communities 0 Built social political organizations 0 Internal focused more on people inside their tribes bands etc 0 Had coercive power due to having higher powers Hierarchies caused O Bands I Everybody is equal I Up to 80 people I Nomads I Lived up to 10 years were considered wise I Huntersgatherers 0 Tribes I Up to about 700 people I Nomads I Huntersgatherers I Had leaders were not determined through heredity anybody could be a leader I No superiorinferior sex egalitarian I Did not have wars 0 Chiefdoms I Mostly settled on a specific location I Up to around 10000 people I Had small villages that all made 1 large village I Rise of hierarchies 393 Had leaderschiefs determined through heredity only people who were related I Wars I Sex inequality emerging 0 States I Has the largest population I Everybody settles down in specific locations 0 HuntersGatherers O Challenging O Constantly hunting 0 Ignorant of what is poisonous and what isn t resulted in experimentations ex Berries 0 Had leisure time required less effort than agriculturalists Healthier Agriculturalists stayed in one place therefore had to go to the 0 bathroom near village caused diseases and many deaths due to bacteria Always on the move didn t settle Wore lots of beads in Russia Built huts with Mammoth rib bones Hunted and fed on Mammoths reason for extinction Settled only temporarily due to season changes They carried everything they had when traveling Shared with each other 0 Due to people settling down agriculture was born 0 People began making pottery preagricultural pottery had designs and decorations 0 People began claiming their property as private after settlement Determined from having a large amounts of goods grains to give OOOOOOO away Large feasts in fish Stones used to process grains 0 Settlements caused vulnerability 0 They didn t have animals 0 Had droughts O Became tied to their possessions O Incapable of protecting themselves in a crisis 0 People began to steal weapons I Writing on rocks considered art 0 Contained many images of people mostly male 0 Carnivores were drawn in the back because they were considered frightening O Herbivores were drawn in the front 0 Many had hand prints represented bear claws 0 Early Art 0 Represented fertility 0 Had many burials O Buried their people with gold pots medals different countries put buried different things gt The Agricultural Revolution 0 Bronze Age Tools 0 Used these tools most often 0 Dogs were the first animals to build some kind of relationship with humans 0 Some dogs are genetically similar to wolves 0 Some traveled in packs 0 Were used to hunt for people 0 Began relationships with people in Egypt 0 Identical to wild cats 0 Were not used to hunt for food 0 Elephants 0 People were capable of taming them but not all I Genetically modified plants and animals 0 Wild peas Useless to humans until genetically modified 0 We chose ignorant and friendly animals to modify for our own benefits 0 Modifying plants and animals for our benefit 0 Theories for the rise of agriculture 0 Materialistic reasons I Oh look People noticed that seed grow and attempted to plant them to grow more I Abundance Having many resources to use I Having too little resources caused by drought O SocialEconomic reasons I Progress People began working towards a goal I People are pressured to sacrifice their food they begin religions and realizing that there might be a greater power they sacrifice animals to make the greater power happy they begin to experiment with places to store food 0 Agriculturalists began in the Fertile Crescent I They had wheat barley lentil figs I Cows goats pigs etc I The Fertile Crescent began in 9000 BC 7000 BC 0 Animals are not capable of traveling to different countries They have to live in the same climate 0 Before the Common Era 0 Common Era 0 People who domesticated only animals live in the same area as agriculturalists 0 Violence 0 People began having issues with family small villages everybody knows each other so they are all related in some way They begin having typical family argumentsfights 0 Con ict between different groups due to disagreement Mass burials Large amount of people buried together in the same spot I People began stealing food from other tribes villages etc due to running out of resources Those who were getting robbed began to counterattack the people who were stealing