Aug. 27- Sept. 3 Notes
Aug. 27- Sept. 3 Notes 101.0
Popular in Western Civilization I
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by josiepelham on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 101.0 at University of Alabama at Birmingham taught by Staci S Glover (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Western Civilization I in History at University of Alabama at Birmingham.
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Date Created: 09/04/15
Aug 27Sept 3 BCE secular Before Common Era BC religious Before Christ CE secular Common Era AD religious Anno Domini Year of our Lord Studv of HistorV I What is the difference between a society culture and a civilization 0 0 Society people who live together amp share customs amp laws a group of familiestribes Culture collection of constructs that society creates religion governments writing systems art they order society I Values principle or quality that is desirable in society freedom liberty I Norms principle of right action made up by a group of people that guides behavior tipping facing door in an elevator clothing I Institutions significant practice that organizes society church government offices I Artifacts material remains of a culture letters diaries art I America s Cultural Constructs religion ag sports Coca Cola McDonald s fast pace life Civilization highly organized society marked by advanced knowledge of trade government art science and writing Defined by what they contribute to the world I Mesopotamia writing I Egypt religion I Rome government 0 Themes of History 0 0 Biology black plague leads to corruption in the church good priests are going to help the sickly and therefore dying Bad priests are not helping and not becoming sick Corruption in the church leads to Protestant Reformation Climate 10000 BCE global warming leads to migration of animals It becomes too hard for people to follow and hunt game which leads to the agricultural era Agricultural era leads to population growth because families can grow if they are staying in one place Geography Cities emerge close to water Man s will Hitler Napoleon Cesar Technology Man on the moon atomic bomb leads to cold war Internet TV sewing machine 0 Politics rise of democracy 0 Religion 0 Economy whoever controls the surplus holds power The Making of the West 0 Exploration of Prehistory 0 Criteria for Humanness Upright posture power over beasts Opposable thumbs use tools Finite vision do closeup tasks Use of systematic language Rational control passions not savage All of these theses allow humans to create civilizations O Paleolithic Era 4000011000 BCE Old Stone Age Nomadic traveled around No domestic animals Hunters amp Gatherers Small bands No written language Egalitarian everyone males amp females is equally important 0 Agricultural amp Ecological Crisis Huntergatherer goes to agriculture bc global warming 9000 BCE Reduced supplies of game amp wild food plants Agricultural revolution leads to population explosion 10 million in 50000 BCE to 75 million in 1000 BCE O Neolithic Era 110004000 BCE New Stone Age Agricultural Revolution stationary make fire Effects on humans 0 Stationary 0 Population growth 0 Specific gender roles 0 Economies develop 0 Governments develop 0 Social hierarchies develop disparity of wealth Adaptations to permanent settlements 0 Domesticated plants and animals 0 Produce 0 Store harvest How are humans affected 0 Higher birth rates 0 Higher life expectancy 0 Accumulation of wealth 0 Division of labor 0 Trade 0 Cities amp towns 0 Need for consistent constructs 0 First Settlements O Jericho oldest settlement southern Palestine 9000 BCE O Catal Hyuck modern day Turkey rich bc trade in obsidian rock A Mesopotamia 1St civilization 40001000 BCE 1 Cities of Sumer 2 Kings of Sumer 3 Slaves in Sumer 4 Invention of writing records of taxes and sacrifices iCitystate 510000 people iiIndependent City own government military religious practicesUr Mesopotamian myths amp religion iKings iiNobles iii Scribes ivThe Epic of Gilgamesh oldest piece of western literature U Enkidu was the divinely created rival of Gilgamesh tale of the vulnerability of humans vZiggurats step pyramids most famous Tower of Babel B Metals amp Empire Making Akkadians amp the Ur Dynasty 23502000 BCE 1 Sargon amp Akkadian Empire 1St king to unite Mesopotamia 2 Spread of Sumerian Culture 3 Fall of the Akkadians 2200 BCE 4 Ur III Rulers amp Political Instability 21222004 BCE i Sargon spreading Mesopotamian culture iiAll empires fall after being attacked from the outside but slowly fall from the inside iiiAmorites helped bring around demise of Akkad C Achievements of the Assyrians Babylonians Canaanites 2000 1000 BCE 1 Assyrians amp Long Distance Commerce 2 Hammurabi of Babylon amp written law 3 Mesopotamian city life amp learning 4 Canaanites commerce and the alphabet i 1St public law code in civilization Hammurabi iiLextalionis law of retribution eye for an eye iiiPhonecians develop alphabet 0 Egypt the first unified country 30501000 BCE O From the unification of Egypt to Old Kingdom 0 King Menes unites upper amp lower Egypt O Pyramids amp afterlife 0 Hierarchy amp order in Egyptian society I Dynasties ruling houses I Monarchs diVinities in human form pharaohs I Polytheistic I Giza most famous pyramid I PharaohvizierpriestWorking classslaves I Gender equality in status I Own form of writing hieroglyphics I Rosetta Stone allowed us to understand hieroglyphics I Papyrus