Week 1 Notes- PSY 100
Week 1 Notes- PSY 100 PSY 100
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Karen Notetaker on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 100 at Colorado State University taught by Katie Lynn Hodgin in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 89 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Colorado State University.
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Date Created: 09/04/15
Week 1 Notes Monday August 31 Z 15 929 PM 1 Psychology as a whole a Psychology is defined as the study of behavior and mental life b A psychologist will study various different things that influence human behavior i We have 1 Genetics 2 Social influences 3 Drugs 4 Neurological differences 5 And various other things that influence behavior 2 Psychology39s roots a First one to really ask the quotrightquot questions was Aristotle i He asked questions and theorized about 1 Learning and memory motivation and emotion as well as perception and personality b The first one that is accredited with being the sort of quotFatherquot of psychology was William VVundt i The reason he39s accredited with this is because of his experiment 1 He came up with a test that measured the time lag between people39s response to hearing a ball drop and pressing a button 2 He was aiming to fine the measurement of quotatoms in the mindquot ii After William Wundt psychology grew and developed into different branches c Edward Bradford Titchner was the main person that came up with the structuralism branch of psychology i His main way of focusing on the functioning of the brain was engaging people in introspection 1 Introspection is a way of self reflection basically You talk about your experiences with different influences ii This was later on proved unreliable because all of the data was different from person to person d William James was the person who is recognized as being part of the functionalism branch of psychology i He really was more interested in the functions of thoughts and feelings in the brain 1 He followed the influences of Charles Darwin a Believed that the reason some of the things that we think and do have been a process of evolution ex a toddler won39t venture off a cliff e All of the influential people of psychology have been men up until 1890 i William James admitted a female student into his psychology lecture 1 Mary Whiton Calkins ii Once she was admitted everyone else dropped out of the class iii She was able to complete all of the requirements for a PhD but the university tried to give her a lesser degree which she then refused iv She became the first female president of the American Psychological Association APA 3 The science behind psychology develops During the time of the first two branches of psychology the actual practice was defined as the quotscience of mental lifequot The next branch that became prevalent was the behaviorist branch i John B Watson and BF Skinner were advocates for this kind of thinking ii They decided to define psychology as the quotscientific study of observable behaviorquot The branches that rejected the ideas of the behaviorist branch were the i Humanistic psychology 1 The two big advocates for this branch were Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow 2 They dismissed all of the ideas of the previous psychologists because they thought they were too limiting 3 They introduced the ideas of focusing on the ways that environmental factors can help or hinder the growth potential ii Cognitive neuroscience 1 This was the beginning of the early interests in mental processes 2 This branch of psychology focuses on how humans perceive process and remember information Today39s definition of psychology is from encompassing all of the ideas that have come from the different branches