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Culture and Society

by: Miss Francesco Lynch

Culture and Society ANTHRO 9

Miss Francesco Lynch
GPA 3.89

J. Cattelino

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About this Document

J. Cattelino
Class Notes
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miss Francesco Lynch on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTHRO 9 at University of California - Los Angeles taught by J. Cattelino in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 130 views. For similar materials see /class/177910/anthro-9-university-of-california-los-angeles in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of California - Los Angeles.

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Date Created: 09/04/15
ANTHRO 9 Lecture 8 Two pitfalls of crosscultural analysis 1 cultural evolution a b C assumes everyone on the same path assumes what s developeddesirable contrasts tradition with modernity 2 nostalgic particularism a b C assumes unchanginguntouched culture romantic contrasts tradition with modernity midterm is entirely multiple choice tradI key concepts of readings lectures key arguments all readings til Tuesday s lecture 39tional vs modern based on subjective views cannot generalize on one culture to determine if parts are traditional or modern and whether they are good or not modernity associated with impersonal relations marketscapitalism disenchantmentsecularization abstractionrationalization nationstate advanced technology the quotWestquot modernity is a cultural concept especially in euroAmerican world modernity and traditional are opposite concepts relies on each other from difference to temporality postenlightenment tendency to reformulate cultural difference in the terms of tradition and modernity temporalization of difference primitive traditional modern developed etc often associated with race what would it look like to talk about difference without turning to tradition and modernity Modern traditions traditional moderns difference Indigenization of modernity O O O OO 0 Term coined by marshall sahlins e Trobriand cricket Capitalism colonialism development globalization have unified the world I Watching doing the same I Rediversifying as peoples adapt these new forms to their own value and practices Relies on globalization sense of culture People make cultural claims as llthe demand of different peoples for their own space within the world cultural order sahlins 200548 Undermines a simple dichotomy of moderntraditional Tradition is not the opposite of change I Tradition is the response of change 0 Globalization the intensifying flow of capital goods ideas around the world 0 Traditions I Ways that people reflect on their lives in the present and actively connect those lives to the past I Are reinforced with rules and symbols I Not a definition but usage of traditions o Modernization I The theory and practice of transforming from traditional to modern ways of life with emphasis on economy governance culture and social organization Based on idea of progress Often linked to colonialism Education is a form of modernization School is seen both as a symbol and method of modernization Indian Children boarding school Removes basic culture from children assimilation into mainstream society conscious efforts to change peoples way of life Cultural idea of what modern and traditional is point of view relies on the opposition of both helps categorize people characteristic of cultural concepts don t mean anything except in relation to one another truck driver clip cultural production emergence of tradition tied to national independence economic structure death and rituals Make claims to music politics Discussion Trobriand Cricket ng response to colonialism change some elements chants dances uniform anticolonial sentiments indigenization adapting imposed game to own culture shows independence resilience against colonialists llour game symbolic meaning reincorporation of warfare heightened sexuality ritual dances political power Warumungu gain political economic power connect old with new llfollowing tracks of the ancestors extend tracks transnationally authenticity established by cd making romantic notion of indigenous peoples preserving culture therefore authentic tradition is always in the making ownership various groups bosses owners look at 426 tshirts O 0 culture is being produced


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