Notes for week 1
Notes for week 1 SOCI 101S - 02
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lindsey Huguet on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCI 101S - 02 at University of Montana taught by Staff Staff (P) in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 74 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Sociology in Sociology at University of Montana.
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Date Created: 09/04/15
Sociology 101 Week lMonday 83115 Spend time going over the syllabus which will all be on Moodle and is tentative 0 3 exams including final 100pts each not cumulative 0 Before each exam a cheat sheet study guide will be posted on Moodle DO NOT alter the format print and fill out and you may use it during the exam MUST be handwritten 0 Each exam is 50 questions multiple choice 0 Attendance is worth 100pts but you may miss up to 5 days before you start losing points towards attendance Each day missed is 10 pts off 0 Up to 30pts extra credit will be offered this semester 0 Textbook is required some things from exam will be from the book and will not be covered in class 0 Office hours are Wed 25 room 317 of the same building Sociology scientific study of social forces what goes on between people study of society social interactions at all social levels C Wright Mills old sociologist coined the term sociological imagination Sociological Imagination ability to grasp relationships between a single person s life and larger social forces Pattem sum of things that are recurring form a tendency consistent in the area being studied generalizing specific things Social Structurecombination of all patterns applied to certain area or group Order components arranged logically or sequentially or customary rules of a society Inductive Method infer a pattern from individual instances of a phenomenon Deductive Method opposite of inductive pattern to specific instance usually starts as a guess using the pattern come up with a hypothesis for individual instances Svnchronicallv snapshot of a certain society view on a pattern at a certain time ex 1950s traditional family Dad works Mom at home with kids in 2014 only 10 of families fit into the pattern displayed in that snapshot Longitudinal Study study over time ex changes in the family from 1950s traditional to the family setup now Pattern versus Homogeneity homogeneity means it is not simple a pattern of most people but it is all people Ex pattern could be a certain gender is most representative in a class but homogeneity would indicate that everyone in the class is the same gender 2012 poll showed that a majority of people believe in UFOs Sociology Week 1 Wednesday 9215 The student teacher s email is akeminakagawavahoocom Notes from Monday 0 Pattern doesn t mean majority o Diachronic data is another name for longitudinal data Fun fact from a snapshot study Missoula was third in Americas drunkest city in 2014 Correlation relationship 0 Positive correlation The two variables increase together or decrease together eXthe amount of fat increases as the amount of food consumed increases 0 Negative correlation The two variables increase and decrease in the opposite direction of each other ex the higher the temperature gets the less snow will be found Class position 0 Slide entitled Class position and Probability patterns is incorrecthe will update it 0 Lower class people tend to leave the light on during sex more than upper class couples Marital Patterns in American Culture 0 Divorce 40 of marriages o Duel wage earners multiple incomes in the family started becoming popular in 1970s 0 Samesex marriage 0 Marriage age is higher about 26 for women 0 Monogamy Polygamy 0 Two types 0 Polygyny multiple wives many reasons esp more kids 0 Polyandry Multiple husbands usually for economic basis 0 Most dominant pattern in the entire world is Polygamy polygyny 0 Sororal polygyny is multiple wives and the wives are sisters Benefits of this pecking order is already established 0 Serial monogamy marry over and over lot of divorces too usually Kinship and descent 0 Bilateral 2 sides Kinship o 36 of world 0 Mothers family AND fathers family are considered kin 0 Unilateral one side Unilineal one line 0 Patrilineal 46 I Rules o Siblings are in the same kin group 0 Father and children are in the same kin group 0 Mother is not with the father and children 0 Matrilineal I Rules 0 Mother and children are in the same kin group 0 Father is not with the father and children 0 Double descent 3 Exogamy must marry outside of your social group kin Endogamy Must marry inside of your social group kin LTD o In the above picture triangles represent males circles represent females and the signs represent marriage 0 The people in red are all in the same kin This is an example of PATRILINEAL descent because the fathers and their children are in the same kin o This is an example of exogamy the people in red can only marry people that are not red aka people that are not in their kin However that means that people can marry their own cousins aunts uncles etc One of the red triangles at the bottom can marry anyone not in red because they are not considered part of their kin Sociology 101 Week lFriday 9415 Hindu saying raising a daughter is like watering your neighbors garden Child preference patterns Typically in world woman will leave everything behind after marriage American 0 1St Child SLIGHT male preference 0 2nd child preference for the opposite sex of the first child 0 3rd child if there is one male and one female preference is for the male again Male children typically more desired People react different to a birth of a boy compared to a birth of a girl Ratio 0 in 2010 986 Females for every 1000 M globally 0 China 123 Males per 100 Females can be as high as 160 M per 100 F 0 High rate of men to women leads to bare branches aka men not continuing their bloodlines Infanticide infant death 0 Mumbai India only 18000 abortions was male due to sex preference 0 Can be Indirect girls are disadvantaged from birth boys treated better get more food love nurturing 0 According to the UN more than 100 million girls are missing aka died early I Infanticide femicide if female infants I Sexselective abortion Excess of 37 million men in China 200000 in Nepal One child policy in China Stricter in more densely populated areas Has prevented 400 million births Stricter fines for 2nd child Chinas population 134 billion Hukou is the household registration extra children are usually left unregistered to avoid fines this causes the extra children to not have health insurance education etc 0 300000 officials hired to enforce one child policy 0 Some extra restrictions can include I Women getting IUDs I Men getting a vasectomy 0 Changing if both parents were the only child in their family they may have two kids Cultures are always changing Male vs female in occupation primarily males in prestigious jobs but that is changing OOOOO Religion and gender I Religion 0 Shapes gender images 0 Plays role in presenting patriarchy I Patriarchy sexist ideology economic political cultural and legal structures that breed gender inequality I Smaller indigenous religions tend to give more of a role to women than larger ones I God generally seen as MALE o Reinforce Patriarchy Masculine our FATHER who art in heaven Gods messengers usually seen as male Females appear in religion in a story told by a man or as a concern of a man Breeds womens gender roles Propaganda encourages life as a wife and mother discourages and life other than that leads to unhappiness I Messages that lower womens status and power 0 Female sexuality is bad suppress it 0 Female figures are subordinate to males 0 Females should be subservient wifes and homemakers 0 Lower status is punishment for sins OOOOO
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