Week 2 Notes - HIST 1302
Week 2 Notes - HIST 1302 Hist 1302
Popular in History of U.S. since 1865
Popular in History
This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Haynes on Friday September 4, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 1302 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by Ransom P. Cross in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 126 views. For similar materials see History of U.S. since 1865 in History at University of Texas at El Paso.
Reviews for Week 2 Notes - HIST 1302
The content was detailed, clear, and very well organized. Will definitely be coming back to Amanda for help in class!
-Horacio Jerde DVM
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 09/04/15
HIST 1302 History of the US Since 1865 Week 1 1 Agencies of Westward Expansion A 11 Mining A 2 modes of transportation to get to the west 1 Railroads a Between 1869 and 1893 1 5 Transcontinental railroads were constructed 2 In this time frame there was no electricity and no electric machinery therefore building five transcontinental railroads in 24 years is amazing Sodbusters and Bonanza Farms a b Sodbusters 1 Families would travel in covered wagons to the Wild West to stake out land and start farms for sustenance farming 2 Partly responsible for taming the Wild West Bonanza Farms 1 Entrepreneurs sought to make a profit by traveling west staking out large amounts of land and beginning commercial farming The California Gold Rush sent thousands ocking west in search riches l The California Gold Rush was huge to the economy because during that time frame the US was using the gold standard 2 People were in search of gold silver and other precious metals a Silver became more precious than gold in the 18705 because 1 Silver could be exchanged in businesses while gold went into a bank s vault III Ranching Frontiers A Prime time for cattle driving 1 The demand for beef was extremely high in the eastern US 2 The construction of railroads significantly shortened the routes cattle drivers had to drive their cattle 3 Cattle driving was a very profitable business a Threatened to put local farmers out of business IV The Realities of the Frontiers A Very different than what is depicted by pop culture 1 Extremely tough life a Child mortality rates were high due to 1 Lack of food 2 Lack of medicine medical care b Life expectancy was about 30 years old for men 1 Childbirth dangers Women life expectancy less a Many women died in childbirth or shortly thereafter 2 Treatable diseases today caused many in the west to die a Such as chicken pox measles pneumonia etc 3 Hard labor a Every member of the family that could walk had to pull his weight on the farm b This lead to wives knowing each other i The other women in the area acted as midwives and did the hard labor on the farm while the wife was taking care of the baby 4 Unexpected climate changes a Sowing seeds won t do a farmer much good if there is no rain to water them 5 Hostile Encounters a Apache i Had a bounty on their heads which lead to confrontation with Americans b Mexicans i Discontent with the Americans stealing their land out from underneath them c Law in the west was very subjective 1 The good and honorable lawmen was rare 2 Fell victim to bribes V The Last Indian Frontier A The Americans who traveled west purposely appropriated Native American Territory and concentrated their population onto small reservations 1 The Northerners wanted to teach the Native Americans a lesson for siding with the Confederation during the Civil War 2 Due to the fact that the Native Americans sided with the wrong side in every war most Americans thought of them as untrustworthy B Small exceptions were made if the Native Americans were acculturated 1 Acculturated assimilate the American culture and reject their Native American heritage a Become WASPs White AngloSaxon Protestants b Native American schools were created for that purpose 1 Students were not allowed to speak their language wear their dress or do anything related to their heritage VI Con ict with the Sioux A Americans had several violent clashes and wartime disagreements with the Sioux 1 During westward expansion the Sioux were moved from Minnesota to the Dakota Territory 2 After the discovery of gold in the Black Hills of the Dakota Territory 1870s Americans began to encroach on their land again a The infuriated Native Americans were trying to figure out ways to keep their land 3 The Battle of Little Bighorn June 1876 a The battles leaders were Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse the Native American leaders and Brevet General George Custer b The Americans lost this battle at a high price to thousands of Native Americans 4 Wounded Knee Massacre 1890 a While the Native American warriors were out practicing their warrior rituals the Americans attacked their settlement killing the women and children there VII Suppression of Other Plains People A Sand Creek Massacre 1 Black Kettle Cheyenne Native American leader tried to resist American settlement in Colorado and Kansa 2 200 Native Americans were massacred Buffalo Herds Destruction 1 Buffalo was the Native Americans main food source 2 Americans destroyed the population of buffalo almost to extinction a Mainly for sport b The Americans only took the fur and a little bit of meat from the buffalo c Worst form of environmental destruction in westward expansion Nez Perce Native Americans 1 Chief Joseph struck a deal with the Americans in order to save his people from destruction VIII The New South A This time frame was not just for rebuilding the South but for rebuilding the country as a whole and unifying the Union once again B C D The Southern states stuck to their Democratic ideals after 1877 By 1880 the South became more susceptible to Northern aid and investment 1 Several Northern industries expanded to the South such as textile mills tobacco planting railroad construction iron mining and more a Cotton was still an important product of the South however it was no longer the backbone of Southern economy The investment of the North in the South created a colonial relationship between the North and the South 1 The South did not like this relationship however they realized it was necessary due to the fact that the war and the freedom of slaves destroyed their economy and industry The South s main shortcoming was its agriculture system 1 2 systems both ineffective a Crop lien system 1 The switch from free to wage labor cut farms profits significantly 2 The farm owners became unable to buy seeds from the cotton gins therefore they had to take loans from the local banks b 3 If the farmer lost the crop or didn t sell enough of it they would lose their farm to the bank as collateral for the unpaid loan OneCrop System 1 Farmers would focus on the production of one crop due to the fact that buying seeds for just one crop was cheaper than buying a variety of seeds 2 Led to overproduction which caused the price of the crop to plummet 3 This surplus of certain crops forced the US to import food at in ated prices Race relations were still icy in the New South 1 Uneducated African Americans became the scapegoats for all the South s shortcoming and hardships a They were in essence being blamed for leaving slavery 2 Punishments a Jim Crow Laws b Plessy v Ferguson 1896 1 Supreme Court ruled that white and African American people can be segregated as long as they are separate but equal a In reality the two were never equal 2 Law of the land until the 1950s a Overturned in Brown v Board of Education i Forced the integration of school systems through a bussing system 3 African American growth a Booker T Washington 1 One of the last generation of African Americans born into slavery b 2 help 3 4 Stressed the importance of development through self a Encourage social change by not looking to anyone else for help b Do it yourself Founded the Tuskegee Institute 1895 a One of the first all African American colleges Atlanta Exposition Speech 1895 a During this speech Washington stressed the importance of education as the road to equality and a good work ethic will lead to success b He also stressed the need to forget about the injustices of the past and work towards the future Criticized by E B Dubois 1 DuBois View was to punish whites for generations of mistreatment 2 Don t listen to Uncle Tom Booker T Washington IX The Politics of Stalemate A US politics became stagnant between 1873 and 1893 1 The economy was static which meant low interest rates a Similar to today s economy Presidential elections were close a President Grover Cleveland the winner of the election was inefficient b The only legislation that passed into law was made through bipartisan two party majorities
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'